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Darwin Correspondence Project

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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … Adams, A. L. (1) Addison, John (1) …
  • … Allen, J. A. (b) (1) Allen, John (1) …
  • … C. J. (3) Andrews, John (1) Ann. …
  • … Balfour, J. H. (7) Ball, John (5) …
  • … Becher, A. B. (1) Beck, John (2) …
  • … Beckhard, Martin (1) Beddoe, John (3) …
  • … C. H. (8) Blackwall, John (4) …
  • … J. A. H. de (11) Bostock, John (1) …
  • … Bridgman, W. K. (3) Brigg, John (1) …
  • … Busch, Otto (1) Bush, John (3) Busk, …
  • … Caton, J. D. (9) Cattell, John (3) …
  • … the Exchequer (1) Chapman, John (4) …
  • … Coe, Henry (6) Coghlan, John (2) …
  • … Colburn, Henry (3) Colby, John (3) …
  • … Colgate, Robert (1) Collier, John (2) …
  • … Craig, J. S. (2) Crawfurd, John (3) …
  • … Crick, W. D. (11) Crier, John (1) …
  • … Davis, J. E. (1) Davy, John (6) …
  • … Denny, Henry (13) Denny, John (6) …
  • … Downie, Mr (1) Downing, John (3) …
  • … Evans, E. G. (2) Evans, John (b) (3) …
  • … Farn, A. B. (1) Farr, John (2) Farr, …
  • … Fisher, J. F. (2) Fiske, John (14) …
  • … Richard (1) Fordyce, John (2) Forel, …
  • … Fox, H. S. (3) Fox, John & Sons (1) …
  • … Gaertner, Albin (2) Gage, John (1) …
  • … Gibbs, George (1) Gibbs, John (2) …
  • … Philippi, R. A. (1) Phillips, John (21) …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … that he was ‘unwell & must write briefly’ ( letter to John Scott, 31 May [1863] ), and in a …
  • … were himself, Hooker, Huxley, Alfred Russel Wallace, and John Lubbock. Honours abroad …
  • … of the Royal Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). …
  • … year with the Hertfordshire nurseryman Thomas Rivers. John Scott Darwin had found a …
  • … of hybridity and sterility at the end of the previous year. John Scott, a gardener at the Royal …
  • … the results of which were published in 1868 ( see letter to John Scott, 25 and 28 May [1863] ). …
  • … hoped would counteract Huxley’s criticism ( letter from John Scott, 23 July [1863] ). Darwin …
  • … Darwin had also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this …
  • … that your paper will have permanent value’ ( letter to John Scott, 31 May [1863] ). Scott received …
  • … the “Origin” is not at all palatable!’ ( letter from John Scott, [3 June 1863] ). Darwin’s …
  • … a position offered in Darjeeling, India ( see letter from John Scott, 22 May 1863 , and letter …
  • … 1860; it continued to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). …
  • … to Malvern the following week. Three letters in August from John Goodsir, professor of anatomy at …
  • … of all such matters as your stomach’ ( see letter from John Goodsir, 21 August [1863] ; letter …

Adam Sedgwick

Summary

One of the early leaders of geology in Britain, Adam Sedgwick  was born in the Yorkshire village of Dent in 1785. Attending Trinity College Cambridge, he was ordained as clergyman and in 1818 was appointed to the Woodwardian Chair of Geology, which offered…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … fieldwork, offered regular annual lectures, and joined with John Stevens Henslow, William Whewell …

Darwin’s introduction to geology

Summary

Darwin collected minerals as a child and was introduced to the science of geology at the University of Edinburgh, but he only became actively interested in the subject as he was completing his degree at Cambridge.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the professor of botany (and former professor of mineralogy) John Stevens Henslow, Darwin became …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … The Emigrant, Head [F. B. Head 1846] St. John’s Highlands [C. W. G. Saint John 1846] …
  • … 1848] Cuming Lion Hunter [Cumming 1850] Sir C. Phillips Recollections of Curran [C. …
  • … B.M. 6. 6. Black Edin. Longman [Ramsay 1848] St. John’s Nat. Hist. of Sutherlanshire, Murray …
  • … Liebigs Lectures on Chemistry [Liebig 1851]. Sir John Davies. China during the War and Peace …
  • … Boswell’s life of Johnsons [Boswell 1831] 4 vols 25 Phillips Geology [J. Phillips 1837–9] …
  • … & Forsyth on Forest Trees [Boutcher 1775 and Forsyth 1791] Phillips History of cultivated …
  • … d . Series. vol 3. p. 1 to 312 30 th  Colquhoun (John) The Moor & the Loch [Colquhoun …
  • … Buffon [Milne-Edwards 1834–40]. March 5 th  St. John’s Highlands [Saint John 1846] 8 …
  • … —— 15 th . Phillip’s life of W. Smith [J. Phillips 1844]. —— 30 Abridged Despatches Duke …
  • … Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] poor …
  • … 1848] Madam Malguet [Torrens] 1848] —— Lives of John & Alex. Belthune [?Bethune 1840 and …
  • … Tour in Sweden [Wollstonecraft 1796]. (poor) —— Phillips. Life of Curran [C. Phillips 1818] …
  • … Ireland [Thompson 1849–56]. Vol. I. II & 3 May. St. John’s Tour in Sutherlandshire [Saint …
  • … 171] Pagets Travels in Hungary & Transylvania [John Paget 1839]— account of Dogs like …
  • … Mammalia.— Owen 5 o : Parker [R. Owen 1859] Read Phillips work on Malvern & Pal. Foss. …
  • … Empire [Huc 1855] Feb 16 th  Pagets Hungary [John Paget 1839] —— Bechsteins …
  • … 23] 1858 Life of Montaigne by B. St. John [B. Saint John 1858].— Miss …
  • … in the  Botanist , 5 vols. (1837–41), edited by John Stevens Henslow and B. Maund. 37 …
  • … may have reissued both parts in 1844. 39  John Lindley served as assistant secretary …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … exchanges on geology with David Milne, Robert Chambers, John Phillips, and Daniel Sharpe, …
  • … travellers in general. Darwin was asked by the editor, Sir John Frederick William Herschel, to write …
  • … fully. Sometime before the end of December 1847, John Edward Gray, keeper of the zoological …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 23 hits

  • … books were kept in the poop cabin where CD worked and slept. John Lort Stokes and Philip Gidley King …
  • … Antoine de.  A voyage round the world.  Translated by John Reinhold Forster. London, 1772. ( …
  • … Travels through Norway and Lapland . . .Translated . . . by John Black. With Notes . . . by Robert …
  • … etc. London, 1743. (DAR 36.1: 447). Burchell, William John.  Travels in the interior of …
  • … 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart 1962, p.4). Byron, John.  The narrative of the Honourable …
  • … Voyages  (editions unidentified; see also Hawkesworth, John). (DAR 32.2: 89v.; Robert FitzRoy’s …
  • … 8e, 10;  ‘Beagle’ diary , p. 407). Daniell, John Frederic.  Meteorological essays and …
  • … and western coasts of Australia. Fleming, John.  The philosophy of zoology . . .  2 vols. …
  • … atlas.  London, 1814. (DAR 30.1: 30v.). Forster, John Reinhold.  Observations made during a …
  • … vols. Edinburgh, 1824. (DAR 37.1: 662). Hawkesworth, John.  An account of the voyages …
  • … 36.1: 469v.). Darwin Library–Down. ‡ Henslow, John Stevens. Geological description of …
  • … essay on the kingdom of New Spain.  Translated by John Black. 2 vols. New York, 1811. (Inscription, …
  • … de.  A voyage to South America . . .  Translated by John Adams. 2 vols. 4th ed. London, 1806. …
  • … (see Jones, T.)). Darwin Library–CUL †. * Mawe, John.  Travels in the gold and diamond …
  • …  3 vols. London, 1820. (DAR 32.1: 51v.). Michell, John. Conjectures concerning the cause . . …
  • … notebook,  p. 80). Darwin Library–CUL †. Miers, John.  Travels in Chile and La Plata . . . …
  • … 28 August 1834). Darwin Library–CUL †. Milton, John.  Paradise lost.  ( ’Beagle’ diary , …
  • … 1831’). Darwin Library–CUL †. § Narborough, John.  An account of several late voyages.  2 …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL, 4th ed., 1837. ‡ Playfair, John.  Illustrations of the Huttonian theory …
  • … 1821. (DAR 30.1: 30). Darwin Library–CUL. Thompson, John Vaughan.  Zoological researches and …
  • … world in the years 1766, 1767, and 1768 , in Hawkesworth, John  An account of the voyages . . . …
  • … , p. 20e). Hall, Basil. See below, Playfair, John. Humboldt, Alexander von.  Tableaux …
  • … refers to the author as ‘L. Jackson’). Playfair, John. Account of the structure of the table …

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of the books are suitable reading for a medical student: John Abernethy was a London surgeon whose …
  • … 21 Clarke 1810–23. Bibliography Abernethy, John. 1819a.  The Hunterian oration, for …
  • … Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1819b.  Part of the introductory …
  • … Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1822.  Physiological lectures, …
  • … Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1823.  Introductory lectures, …
  • … Strahan and T. Cadell; Edinburgh: W. Creech. Bostock, John. 1824–7.  An elementary system of …
  • … of Natural History  33: 202–13. Franklin, John. 1823.  Narrative of a journey to the shores …
  • … index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004. Paris, John Ayrton. 1825.  Pharmacologia . …
  • … and remains of Henry Kirke White of Nottingham: late of St. John’s College, Cambridge . London: J. …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … acknowledged when told by his neighbour and young protégé John Lubbock that his method of …
  • … Athenæum Club. Several letters touch on the publication of John Tyndall’s theory concerning the …
  • … phenomenon of cleavage, still unresolved in 1856, with John Phillips and entered into a useful …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … of a paper by another of his orchid correspondents, John Traherne Moggridge, who in June sent him …
  • … of insect pollinators in 1864 and following years. John Scott again Much of Darwin’s …
  • … plight of another of Darwin’s fellow orchid-experimenters, John Scott. Their correspondence had been …
  • … five years. Scott felt that his superiors, James McNab and John Hutton Balfour, no longer treated …
  • … indomitable perseverance, and his knowledge’ ( letter to John Scott, 10 June 1864 ). Hooker met …
  • … support ‘on the grounds of science’ ( letter to John Scott, 9 April 1864 ), but Scott declined …
  • … 1864 ). A notably rambling and long letter arrived from John Beck, a Shrewsbury schoolfellow of …
  • … by a merciful deity for the use of humankind ( letter from John Beck, 6 October 1864 ). …
  • … his brother Erasmus told him of a subscription fund for John William Colenso, bishop of Natal, South …
  • … that a Neanderthal race once extended across Europe. John Lubbock mentioned his forthcoming volume …
  • … of the Royal Society, Edward Sabine, to the geologist John Phillips revealed Sabine’s fears that in …
  • … ever so little degree the Council’s award’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 21 December [1864] ). In …