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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To George Robert Waterhouse   5 March [1867?]

Summary

Wishes to know the correct name for the British Museum’s specimen of an Abyssinian wolf described by Wilhelm Rueppell, Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien [1835–40] .

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  5 Mar [1867?]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (LIS-Archives, DF100/9 Palaeontology Department Keeper’s correspondence)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1394

From Edward Blyth   [2–30 March 1867]

Summary

Discussion of origin of domestic sheep races. Some comments on the yak and the wild ancestors of the llama and alpaca.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2–30 Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5337

From E. A. Darwin   22 [March 1867]

Summary

Is sending a copy of [John] Shaw’s book, which Lady Bell says is based on Charles Bell’s papers [possibly C. Bell, A treatise on diseases of the urethra, 3d ed. with notes by John Shaw (1822)].

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 [Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5342

To E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung   [19 March 1867]

Summary

Offers the German rights of Variation if J. V. Carus is prepared to translate it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Date:  [19 Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 33r
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5425

From Alfred Newton   1 March 1867

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Summary

Male dotterels take care of young and are less brilliantly coloured than females.

Author:  Alfred Newton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5426

From E. A. Darwin   3 March 1867

Summary

He has promised Mark [coachman to R. W. Darwin and Susan] that CD will continue the payment of £20 a year after EAD’s death; the house is rent free.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 105: B57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5428

From Fritz Müller   4 March 1867

Summary

Reports observations on fertility of orchids he has self-pollinated and crossed with pollen of other species.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 142: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5429

To Alfred Newton   4 March [1867]

Summary

Thanks for information about the dotterel.

CD had ascertained by dissection that the female of the carrion-hawk of the Falkland Islands is very much brighter coloured than the male. Has inquired about its nidification. Mentions other instances of female birds that are brighter and more beautiful than the males and suggests causes for this anomaly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Newton
Date:  4 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5430

To W. B. Tegetmeier   5 March [1867]

Summary

Asks whether WBT can carry out poultry mating experiments for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  5 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  Archives of The New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection) (Tegetmeier 102)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5431

To Frederic William Farrar   5 March 1867

Summary

Much obliged for lecture [On some defects in public school education (1867)]. Would leave classics to those with zeal and taste for appreciation. Learned nothing at school except by reading and experimenting in chemistry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederic William Farrar
Date:  5 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 144: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5432

From John Traherne Moggridge   6 March [1867]

Summary

Observations on Ophrys plants and Thymus vulgaris. Encloses sketch of different forms of T. vulgaris [see Forms of flowers, p. 302].

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 109: A90–1, DAR 111: B47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5433

From F. W. Farrar   7 March [1867]

Summary

On improving the educational system.

Author:  Frederic William Farrar
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5434

From Francis Trevelyan Buckland   9 March 1867

Summary

Has been hunting for an otter-hound for CD.

Hopes CD will visit his museum at the Horticultural [Society].

Author:  Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 160: 362
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5435

From A. R. Wallace   11 March [1867]

Summary

ARW responds to CD’s list of queries about expression. Suggests acquiring informants through publishing the queries in newspapers. His doubts about their importance.

Has submitted caterpillar question to Entomological Society.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B24, B45; DAR 82: A22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5437

From Henry Walter Bates   11 March 1867

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Summary

Sexual ornamentation of insects: coloration of Epicalia genus [of tropical S. American butterflies];

horned genera of lamellicorn beetles [see Descent 1: 370, 388].

Wallace brought CD’s question about gay-coloured caterpillars before the Entomological Society. Members now seeking explanations.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 82: A36–9, A46–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5438

From Benjamin Clarke   12 March 1867

Summary

Requests CD’s subscription to his On systematic botany and zoology [1870]. "Progressive development" is a leading principle of his work.

Author:  Benjamin Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 157/1, 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5439

To A. R. Wallace   [12–17] March [1867]

Summary

Asks to be kept informed on gaudy caterpillars.

Problems of his work on man; scope and role of sexual selection.

Indulgence of interest in expression is simply a "hobby-horse". Will see whether he can get queries inserted in an Indian newspaper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  [12–17] Mar [1867]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 46434 ff. 80–83v)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5440

From J. D. Hooker   14 March 1867

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Summary

Has been persuaded to accept BAAS Presidency.

On Charles Naudin’s discovery of seeds of Chamaerops fertilised by the date-palm.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 145–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5441

From Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky   15 March 1867

Summary

Thanks CD for permission to translate Variation into Russian. The translation will be guided by his brother Alexander, a follower of Darwin,

whose articles on the affinity of ascidians and vertebrates he forwards.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 169: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5443

From J. T. Moggridge   15 March [1867]

Summary

Sends several plants with abortive anthers or bad pollen.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5444
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … (1) Abney, W. de W. (3) Accademia dei Lincei …
  • … (1) Ainslie, O. A. (3) Airy, Hubert …
  • … (4) Alberts, Maurice (3) Albrecht, R. F. …
  • … (1) Ambrose, J. L. (3) American Academy of …
  • … (1) Anderson, James (c) (3) Anderson-Henry, …
  • … (1) Badger, E. W. (3) Baer, K. E. von …
  • … (1) Balch, C. L. (3) Baldwin, J. D. …
  • … (5) Ball, Robert (3) Ball, Valentine …
  • … (1) Beal, W. J. (3) Beale, L. S. (2) …
  • … (1) Beddoe, John (3) Beger, Karl (2) …
  • … (66) Bergson, Edouard (3) Bergstedt, C. F. …
  • … (4) Blake, C. C. (3) Blanche (2) …
  • … (1) Blewitt, Octavian (3) Blomefield, Leonard …
  • … (5) Boole, M. E. (3) Boott, Francis …
  • … (1) Bornet, Édouard (3) Bosquet, J. A. H. de …
  • … (1) Bouton, Louis (3) Bowerbank, J. S. …
  • … (1) Bridgman, W. K. (3) Brigg, John …
  • … (1) Brown-Séquard, C. É. (3) Browne, H. G. C. …
  • … (2) Burgess, Thomas (3) Burn, Robert …
  • … (1) Bush, John (3) Busk, George (18) …
  • … (2) Butler, Mary (3) Butler, Samuel (b) …
  • … (1) Campbell, G. D. (3) Canby, W. M. …
  • … (9) Cattell, John (3) Cecil, Henry …
  • … (7) Chance, Frank (3) Chancellor of the …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … at all concern his main argument ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1860] ). Darwin’s …
  • … been ‘ utterly  smashed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 3 July [1860] ). (A chronological list of all …
  • … and five botanists ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 March [1860] ). Others, like François Jules …
  • … I gaze at it, makes me sick!’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 3 April [1860] ). By the end of 1860, …
  • … is best thing for subject.—’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 3 July [1860] ). Further details of the …

Teaching Evolution at Key Stage 3? Join our December workshop

Summary

This free, exciting training and consultation event takes place on Tuesday 12th December at Cambridge University Library, 9.00-4.30. The workshop aims to support KS3 science teachers in delivering informed, dynamic Darwin-based sessions.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … This exciting training and consultation event takes place on Tuesday 12th December at Cambridge …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … of a ‘short essay’ on man ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 3 July 1868 ). But this work would eventually …
  • … pages feel fairly nauseated’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 February [1868] ). But such worries were …
  • … kind almost heroic, in you to sacrifice your hair and pay 3 d  in the cause of science …
  • … canary (letters from J. J. Weir, [26] March 1868 and 3 June 1868 ). ‘It was very kind’, …
  • … on 9 September . Darwin annotated a letter sent on 3 April by Henry Doubleday that contained a …
  • … you have communicated to me’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, 3 June 1868 ). it is a fatal …
  • … of species through the study of monstrosities, remarked on 3 April , ‘your works are destined to …
  • … admirer of your genius’, wrote Frederick Behrens on 3 December , ‘I presume you are much plagued …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on Annals of Nat. Hist. [Jenyns 1838] Prichard; a 3 d . vol [Prichard 1836–47] Lawrence [W. …
  • … ou Traité de Tératologie, par I. Geoffroy-Saint Hilaire, 3 vols. 8vo. et atlas de 20 planches. ibid, …
  • … of Human wishes. 28 Bacon’s Essays [Bacon 1825–36].— Butler. 3. first sermons …
  • … 1826]— (read) Pallas’ Travels [Pallas 1802–3]— Hookker (623 no) read Darby’s Louisiana …
  • … Drinkwater] 1833]— Prof. Smyth. French Revolution 3 vols [Smyth 1840] Baber’s …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … topic for Darwin? And if so, why? 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to the subject of cross and self-fertilisation. On 3 October , he wrote with fresh enthusiasm to …
  • … other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It caused him much anxiety, …
  • … for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the …
  • … weekly publications of Natural History’, he explained on 3 June , ‘are not sufficiently …
  • … time I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June [1872] In this letter to the …
  • … Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 4 hits

  • … – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day archivist, …
  • … friend, the botanist, Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on …
  • … quite kindly, and told me… Hugh Falconer (Actor 3) – a Scottish paleobotanist and …
  • … and in a lesser degree ‘Blood’s One Penny Envelope, 1, 3, and 10 cents’. If you will make him this …

Teachers notes: Offer of a lifetime

Summary

The Offer of a Lifetime?  Activities for: English Key Stage 3 and 4 When Darwin was 22 he received an exciting and unique opportunity to join HMS Beagle. The voyage changed his life but the letters show how close he came to not going at all! …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a Lifetime?  Activities for: English Key Stage 3 and 4 When Darwin was 22 he …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … ( see letter from Hugh Falconer to Erasmus Alvey Darwin, 3 January 1865 ). Erasmus forwarded his …
  • … these alone are unalloyed’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 3 February 1865 ). Darwin, now …
  • … than anything else. I am able most days to work for 2 or 3 hours & this makes all the difference …
  • … the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though he had sent …
  • … of reform and reorganisation ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [3 November 1865] ). The death of …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of inheritance!” ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers …
  • … civilisation and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe …
  • … some with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … offend his father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, …
  • … the passage of purgatory” ( letter from Andrew Clark, 3 September 1873 ). Revising …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … duck  most beautiful’ ( letter from A. R. Wallace, 3 March 1872 ). I consider that you …
  • … because I do it badly’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 3 August [1872] ).  Darwin's …
  • … , and he complained to the German zoologist Anton Dohrn on 3 February that Mivart’s book had ' …
  • … Nature  in Wallace’s defence ( letter to  Nature  , 3 August [1872] ).  Although the two …
  • … more ‘ she observed ( letter from S. H. Haliburton, 3 November [1872] ). They reminisced about …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about debates that we have right now. 3. Darwin’s reputation among scientists …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … that I saw the plaque on the stone. 3. Prior knowledge of Darwin …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bence Jones: ‘I am able now to walk daily on an average 3½ miles & often one mile at a stretch…. …
  • … for about 1½ hours every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first …
  • … London, like what I was 7 or 8 years ago— one day I paid 3 calls! & then went for ¾ to Zoolog. …
  • … little is known on the subject’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 and 4 August [1866] ). And on the next …
  • … did in fact divide Darwin and Hooker, who remarked on 3 November that the application of high …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …
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