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Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … was gathering support in influential scientific circles. George Bentham devoted the first part of …
  • … could not satisfy himself on all points ( see letter from George Bentham, 21 April 1863 ). …
  • … on species, though so cleverly written’ ( letter to George Bentham, 19 June [1863] ). …
  • … the Severn Valley Naturalists Field Club ( see letter from George Maw, 19 February 1863 ). Other …
  • … Oliver for references on phyllotaxy, and setting his son George, the mathematician in the family, to …
  • … a German botanist in Trinidad, and continued writing to George Henry Kendrick Thwaites, the director …
  • … noted in ‘Three forms of  Lythrum salicaria ’. George contributed his mathematical …
  • … Malvern Wells, Darwin stopped in London overnight to consult George Busk, former Hunterian Professor …
  • … that even writing the letter was ‘against rules’. George Busk had diagnosed Darwin as having …
  • … specialist at St Thomas’s Hospital, London ( letter from George Busk, [ c. 27 August 1863] ). …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … exchanged letters in her own name with botanists such as George Bentham and Francis Boott.  In one …
  • … ladies  and a few gentlemen’ (letter to Jane Gray from George Bentham, 10 March 1852. Archives of …
  • … days after leaving Down. Two of the Darwins’ sons, George and Francis, saw the Grays when …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … in three parts in the  Pall Mall Gazette , was by George Henry Lewes, well-known in London’s …
  • … very fruitful. On 1 May , Darwin received a letter from George Cupples, who was encouraged to …
  • … advice from the entomologist and librarian at Cambridge, George Robert Crotch, writing to his mother …
  • … Darwin passed Wallace’s pages over to his son George, now a Cambridge-trained mathematician, who …
  • … the expression of natives faces as I meet them,’ wrote George Henry Kendrick Thwaites on 1 April …
  • … for fellowship of the Linnean Society ( letter from George Bentham, [after 29 September 1868] ). …
  • … now in life’. In January, the family learned the news that George’s performance on the mathematical …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to make observations on American species. Hooker and George Bentham at Kew were also tapped …
  • …  book!’, wrote Daniel Oliver on 14 May, and George Bentham pronounced it ‘most valuable’ (letter …
  • … ). Moreover, it apparently worked. Gray told Darwin that George Bentham’s presidential address to …
  • … his children to help with his botanical observations. George earned his father’s commendation for …
  • … some observations. William, with the help of his brothers George and Francis, who were staying with …

Darwin in letters, 1861: Gaining allies

Summary

The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. He had weathered the storm that followed the publication of Origin, and felt cautiously optimistic about the ultimate acceptance of his ideas. The letters from this year provide an…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … review published in the July issue of the  Zoologist  by George Maw, for example, singled out …
  • … the imperfection of the geological record ( see letter to George Maw, 19 July [1861] ). The …
  • … advanced from his inheritance. Negotiations with the banker George Atherley, partner in the …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … family to collect specimens and make observations. His son George, who later studied mathematics at …
  • … insects; his correspondence with Gray, Philip Henry Gosse, George Chichester Oxenden, Friedrich …
  • … support for Darwin’s theory and his work on hybridity that George Bentham expressed in his …
  • … of supporters on the Council, including Hugh Falconer and George Busk, who had nominated him, the …
  • … ill. In Darwin’s absence, the Copley Medal was received by George Busk and deposited with Darwin’s …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … Life [Chesterton 1856] } [DAR *128: 159] Bentham has published list of Pyrenes …
  • … Notes to Jardine & Jesses Selbourne [E. Jesse ed. 1849] George’s Copy Aug. St. Hilaire. …
  • … L. Ossoy [Walpole 1848] 1 st  vol. —— History George III [Walpole 1845]. 1. vol. —— …
  • … May 28 th . Delineations of the Ox Tribe &c by George Vasey. 1851 [Vasey 1851]. May 28. …
  • … 1841 . Oxford.  119: 13b Atkinson, Henry George and Martineau, Harriet. 1851.  Letters …
  • … etc.  2 vols. London.  *119: 12v. Bennett, George. 1860.  Gatherings of a naturalist in …
  • … . Edinburgh and London. [Other eds.] 128: 9 Bentham, George. 1826.  Catalogue des plantes …
  • … ou peu connues . Paris.  *128: 159 Berkeley, George. 1784.  The works of George Berkeley …
  • … [Abstract in DAR 71: 150–1.]  128: 18 Borrow, George Henry. 1843.  The Bible in Spain; or …
  • … sketches of statesmen who   flourished in the time of George III . 3 pts. London.  119: 21b …
  • … London. [Other eds.]  119: 3a Browne, William George. 1799.  Travels in Africa, Egypt and …
  • … and London.  119: 9a Bubb, afterwards Dodington, George. 1784.  The diary of the   late …
  • … atlases. Paris.  *119: 5v. [Bulwer-Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton]. 1835.  Rienzi,   …
  • … and   reason.  Edinburgh.  *119: 11v. Busk, George. 1852–4.  Catalogue of marine …
  • … 1835 to 1847 . 2 vols. London.  128: 8 Byron, George Gordon Noel. 1813.  The Giaour, a …
  • … England from the earliest   times till the reign of King George IV.  7 vols. London.  *119: 22, …
  • … and French. 2 vols. London.  128: 16 Catlin, George. 1841.  Letters and notes on the …
  • … 3 vols. Paris. [Other eds.]  119: 9a Chesterton, George Laval. 1856.  Revelations of …
  • … [Abstract in DAR 71: 164–5.]  119: 15a Combe, George. 1828.  The constitution of man …
  • … of England, from the   earliest times to the death of George II by Oliver   Goldsmith. The 11th …
  • …   trees . Philadelphia.  *119: 4v. Crabbe, George. 1807.  Poems . London. [Other eds.] …
  • … les mêmes parages . Paris.  119: 5a Culley, George. 1786.  Observations on live stock, …
  • …  London.  119: 7a, 13a Cumming, Roualeyn George Gordon. 1850.  Five years of a   hunter …
  • … . London. [Darwin Library.]  119: 22a Dixon, George, ed. 1789.  A voyage round the world; …
  • … de Larochejaquelein . Edinburgh.  119: 22b Earl, George Windsor. 1837.  The Eastern Seas …
  • … which is prefixed a sketch of his life . Edited by George Bentham and John Lindley. London. *119: …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … difficult problem that he took in turn to Watson, Hooker, George Bentham, and the Belfast botanist …