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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man …
  • … on 4 February 1868, only five days after the publication of his previous book,  Variation in …
  • … in recent years, and the information gathered on each of these topics was far more extensive than …
  • … two large volumes, and by June Darwin gave up the idea of including the material on emotion; it …
  • … including vigorous objections to the application of natural selection to humans from Alfred Russel …
  • … sparked by Darwin’s proposed election to the French Academy of Sciences and his nomination for an …
  • … family. As he was completing corrections to the final proofs of  Descent  in December, he wrote to …
  • … Expression Darwin began receiving proofs of some of the illustrations for  Descent  as …
  • … have been having some conversation with the Editor of the “Academy” about Mr Wallace’s last book …
  • … was proposed for a corresponding membership of the elite Academy of Sciences, prompting an extended …
  • … hoped to bring the same non-partisan spirit into the French Academy, ‘rest assured that I shall be a …
  • … and his status as a naturalist. ‘It is being said at the Academy’, Quatrefages complained, ‘. . . …
  • … the Belgian zoologist Edouard van Beneden when the Belgian Academy elected Darwin an associate …
  • … ‘May all the learned bodies of the world protest, like the Academy of Belgium, against the debate …
  • … great success in the army. He gained a commission in the Royal Engineers, obtaining the second …
  • … taking third place in first-class honours in the natural sciences tripos in December. He had fallen …
  • … continued to ride the dangerous Tommy. The Franco-Prussian war Darwin’s European …
  • of that month. But despite suffering heavy casualties, the Prussian armies won several decisive …
  • … his German correspondents he declared his allegiance to the Prussian cause. ‘I cannot express too …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of
  • … scientific correspondence. Six months later the volume of his correspondence dropped markedly, …
  • … ( letter to John Scott, 31 May [1863] ), and in a letter of 23 [June 1863] he wrote to his …
  • … Malvern Wells, Worcestershire, where he underwent a course of the water-cure. The treatment was not …
  • … with the challenges presented by the publication in February of books by his friends Charles Lyell, …
  • … Huxley, the zoologist and anatomist. Lyell’s  Antiquity of man  and Huxley’s  Evidence as to man …
  • … bearing on Darwin’s species theory and on the problem of human origins. Specifically, Darwin …
  • … similarities between humans and apes, Darwin was full of praise. He especially admired its …
  • … included his election as a corresponding member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, Berlin …
  • … in November when Darwin heard that his nomination for the Royal Society’s Copley Medal had been …
  • … to Emma Darwin, 11 November [1863] ). The council of the Royal Society voted instead for the …
  • … failure to win the award was Edward Sabine, President of the Royal Society ( see letter from Edward …
  • … the end of the previous year. John Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, had …
  • … to consult George Busk, former Hunterian Professor at the Royal College of Surgeons, whom Goodsir …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … John Jenner Weir, ‘If any man wants to gain a good opinion of his fellow man, he ought to do what I …
  • … , pp. 87–90, Darwin had briefly introduced the concept of sexual selection to explain certain …
  • … claimed that sexual selection was ‘the most powerful means of changing the races of man’ …
  • … decades before. He also made efforts to expand his network of informants, especially among breeders …
  • … leading physiologists, zookeepers, and his immediate circle of friends and relations. In July 1868 …
  • … would eventually swell to two separate books,  Descent of man  and  Expression of the emotions in …
  • … was also generated by the long-awaited publication of  Variation in animals and plants under …
  • … to the publisher in February 1867, and had spent a good deal of that year reading and correcting …
  • … March, ‘you force public attention to bear on the natural sciences and they can only gain from this. …
  • … 3 April , ‘your works are destined to renew the natural sciences entirely.’ Gaston de Saporta …
  • … in July he was second in the entrance examination for the Royal military academy at Woolwich. ‘I …
  • … to be bestowed on him, including the order of merit of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences and …