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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Language: key letters


How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 13 hits

  • human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the
  • he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwins correspondence reveals the scope
  • he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837
  • separated from one stock.” Letter 2070Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29
  • down of former continents.” Letter 3054Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell
  • I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug
  • do they scream & make loud noise?” Letter 7040Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., …
  • gradually growing to such a stageLetter 8367Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June
  • unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3
  • Letter 10194Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and
  • Language […]” Letter 9887Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The
  • of race […]” Letter 11074Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwins

Darwin's health


On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 16 hits

  • March 1849, ten years before  Origin  was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker
  • Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to
  • See the letter At various periods in his life Darwin suffered from gastrointestinal
  • fatigue, trembling, faintness, and dizziness. In 1849, Darwins symptoms became so severe that he
  • for three months while he took Dr Gullys water cure. In Darwins letter to Hooker, he described Dr
  • See the letter After returning from Malvern, Darwin continued his hydropathic
  • 1863. In a letter to Hooker in April of 1861for example, Darwin used his delicate physiology to
  • Edward Wickstead Lane, and at Ilkley with Dr Edmund Smith, Darwin sought advice from his consulting
  • of a fashionable spinal ice treatment. In April 1864, Darwin attributed his improved health to Dr
  • to JDHooker, 13 April [1864] ) Why was Darwins so ill? Historians and others have
  • that there were psychological or psychosomatic dimensions to Darwins most severe periods of crisis. …
  • vol. 2, letter to J. S. Henslow, 14 October [1837] , Correspondence vol. 7, letter to Robert
  • letter to F. T. Buckland, 15 December [1864] ). On Darwins early stomach troubles, see
  • occurrences of flatulence (see Colp 1977, pp. 46-7). Darwin first mentioned attacks of
  • daily (see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [6 May 1864] ). …
  • … , and Correspondence vol. 2, letter to Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood, [28 August 1837] ). His

Darwin’s reading notebooks


In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 27 hits

  • In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished
  • used these notebooks extensively in dating and annotating Darwins letters; the full transcript
  • … *128). For clarity, the transcript does not record Darwins alterations. The spelling and
  • book had been consulted. Those cases where it appears that Darwin made a genuine deletion have been
  • a few instances, primarily in theBooks Readsections, Darwin recorded that a work had been
  • of the books listed in the other two notebooks. Sometimes Darwin recorded that an abstract of the
  • own. Soon after beginning his first reading notebook, Darwin began to separate the scientific
  • the second reading notebook. Readers primarily interested in Darwins scientific reading, therefore, …
  • editorsidentification of the book or article to which Darwin refers. A full list of these works is
  • page number (or numbers, as the case may be) on which Darwins entry is to be found. The
  • in the bibliography that other editions were available to Darwin. While it is likely that Darwin
  • sleep & movements of plants  £ 1 ..s  4. [Dutrochet 1837] Voyage aux terres australes
  • of useful knowledge Horse, cow, sheep [Youatt 1831, 1834, 1837]. Verey Philosophie dHist. …
  • contains all his fathers views Quoted by Owen [Hunter 1837] [DAR *119: 3v.] Hunter
  • 11  besides the paper collected by Owen [Hunter 1837] (at Shrewsbury). Yarrells paper on
  • of plants. 13 Books quoted by Herbert [Herbert 1837] p. 338 Schiede in 1825
  • remarks on acclimatizing of plants. Herbert [Herbert 1837] p. 348 gives reference to
  • notes to White Nat. Hist of Selbourne [E. T. Bennett ed. 1837 and [J. Rennie] ed. 1833] read 19  : …
  • 6: folio par Céran de Lemonier. Bailliere [Céran-Lemonnier 1837] Transactions of the
  • history of British Birds by W. Macgillivray [W. Macgillivray 183752].— I should think well worth
  • Instinct & Reason by S. Bushnan. Longman. 5 s  [Bushnan 1837]—dedicated to L d . Brougm. 26
  • of Brutes [Fabricius 1603]. referred to by Hallam [Hallam 18379] D r . Lord has written
  • analysis of British Ferns. G. W. Francis 4 s  [Francis 1837]— plates of every speciestreats of
  • … [Hogarth 1835] Wilkinson Ægyptian [J. G. Wilkinson 183741] read [DAR *119: 14v.] …
  • At end of 2 d . Vol of Müller Phy. [Müller 183742] references to some good Books Blacklock
  • … (Liebig 1851). 50  Probably Elizabeth Wedgwood. 51  This note is a
  • London. [Other eds.] 119: 22b Gray, Elizabeth Caroline. 1840Tour to the sepulchres of

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'


The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 23 hits

  • The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle  voyage was one
  • a family Busy as he was with scientific activities, Darwin found time to re-establish family
  • close contact. In November 1838, two years after his return, Darwin became engaged to his cousin, …
  • daughter, Anne Elizabeth, moved to Down House in Kent, where Darwin was to spend the rest of his
  • his greatest theoretical achievement, the most important of Darwins activities during the years
  • identifications of his bird and fossil mammal specimens, Darwin arrived at the daring and momentous
  • species came to be as they are (Kohn 1980). Between April 1837 and September 1838 he filled several
  • in species. With this new theoretical point of departure Darwin continued to make notes and explore
  • present in the version of 1859. Young author Darwins investigation of the species
  • the  Beagle  had returned to England, news of some of Darwins findings had been spread by the
  • great excitement. The fuller account of the voyage and Darwins discoveries was therefore eagerly
  • suitable categories for individual experts to work upon, Darwin applied himself to the revision of
  • …  voyage. The book was finished and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, …
  • of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle. Darwins volume bore the title  Journal
  • countries visited by H.M.S. BeagleAlso in November 1837, Darwin read the fourth of a series of
  • to the Society of 9 March 1838), had been developed by Darwin from a suggestion made by his uncle, …
  • May 1838] ). The new research Darwin undertook after 1837 was an extension and an
  • Lyell had called themystery of mysteries’ (see Babbage 1837 and Cannon 1961). In the  …
  • species and varieties had no basis in reality (W. Herbert 1837, p. 341); species were only clearly
  • 1961, p. 53). Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and
  • Health Active and productive as the years 183743 were, they were also years during which
  • several months (See  Correspondence  vol. 1, letter to Caroline Darwin, 13 October 1834 , and
  • seeds and other interests mentioned in the correspondence of 183743, which at first seem unrelated, …

Journal of researches


Within two months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with distributing his specimens among specialists for description, and more interested in working on his geological research, turned his mind to the task of…

Matches: 20 hits

  • The Journal of researches , Darwins account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle , …
  • The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagles
  • of the globe , with the title Journal and remarks . Darwins volume was soon issued separately
  • of the Beagle , although this title was never used in Darwins lifetime. Conception
  • form the basis of his publicationAfter Henry Holland, Darwins second cousin, pointed out there
  • confessed, ‘ but I found no part of yours tedious ’. Darwins sister Catherine also reported that
  • to criticize ’. By the end of 1836, the matter of whether Darwins journal would form a separate
  • the narrative be divided into three volumes with one for Darwin alone, and theprofits if
  • length of the journal kept during the voyage, while another Wedgwood cousin continued to encourage
  • the hodge-podge complete .’ Shortly after this, Darwin outlined the same plan to his
  • information from others. ‘I have been going steadily,’ Darwin told Henslow, ‘and have already made a
  • which will much add to the value of the whole .’ By July 1837, Darwin had finished the draft of his
  • work, cramming up learning to ornament my journal with ’. Darwins methods for acquiring
  • flurry of activity had been spurred by assurances in May 1837 that Darwins volume wouldbegin to
  • … ‘ not be published till November 1 st . ’ By 18 May, Darwin was workingvery steadily’, but
  • at the workhis progress was slow ’. Nonetheless, Darwin kept to the schedule, even though the
  • the first manuscript pages had been sent offOn 1 August 1837, he reminded the dilatory Henslow
  • attending the renowned Birmingham Music Festival with his Wedgwood cousins. ‘ To write a book, I do
  • Deluge Chapter’, Darwin wrote to his sister Caroline, adding that Charles Lyellsays it beats all
  • than the other two volumes, so, as early as September 1837, he had secured an agreement with