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Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 25 hits

  • Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831
  • visited during the Beagles voyage round the world. FitzRoy and Darwin could not have been more
  • especially on religious matters and evolutionary theory. FitzRoy is now too often viewed through
  • Darwins correspondence, however, illuminates many of FitzRoyssplendid qualitiesas well as his
  • suicide. At the time of his fathers death in 1829, FitzRoy was surveying an isolated region of
  • in isolated areas; on the first voyage of the Beagle , FitzRoys predecessor, Captain Pringle
  • months of solitary survey work. It was for this reason that FitzRoy was advised to take a naturalist
  • … ’. For his part, Darwin thoughtCap. FitzRoy is every thing that is delightfuland ‘ …
  • … & resolution ’. This did not occur at sea, but while FitzRoy was putting in long hours
  • at sea by preventingor, at least, explainingshipwreck. FitzRoy was sure that a change in the
  • In taking this action, as with other unauthorised decisions FitzRoy made to ensure the fulfilment of
  • 1836, two years later than originally planned, Darwin told FitzRoy: ‘ If you do not receive much
  • … ’. Social experiments On arriving home, FitzRoy almost immediately declaredI
  • a most inconvenient time to marry ’, according to Darwin. FitzRoy then turned to the production of
  • in a number of editions as Journal of researches. But FitzRoys work was never intended to
  • or decline in human societies. As a devout Christian, FitzRoy believed that all human society came
  • extreme than that of Darwin ; they were, according to FitzRoy, like the Britons when first
  • be effected by education and explained by phrenology. FitzRoys most intense contact with
  • work was washed away, and a second was stolen by natives. FitzRoy took several hostages over the
  • took another man, Orundellico, whom he called Jemmy Button. FitzRoy recklessly decided to turn the
  • in Tierra del Fuego. Both enterprises failed, leaving FitzRoy shaken by the evidence of the
  • importance of missionary workIn 1836, Darwin joined with FitzRoy in defending the value of
  • Tierra del Fuego. In addition to this and the survey work, FitzRoy was commissioned to carry out a
  • aims, not only because Darwin was on board, but because of FitzRoys own interests in geology, coral
  • with the Biblical account. ‘You will be amused with FitzRoys Deluge Chapter’, Darwin wrote to his

The Voyage of the Beagle

Summary

It was a letter from his friend and former teacher, John Stevens Henslow, that brought the 22-year-old Charles Darwin news of the offer of a place on board the Admiralty surveying vessel, HMS Beagle, on a voyage to chart the coast of South America. It took…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … had been asked to recommend a young man as a companion to  Robert FitzRoy , the  Beagle 's …
  • … It took several weeks to pursuade his reluctant father,  Robert Waring Darwin , to give his …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 13 hits

  • by Darwin, however, but by the Beagles captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according to custom in the
  • cousin, pointed out there would be too much overlap with FitzRoys account for Darwins journal to
  • inclined to the plan of mixing up long passages with Capt FitzRoy ’. In contrast, when
  • journal would form a separate publication was settled by FitzRoy himself: he proposed that the
  • bubble of wonder at finding himself an author was burst by FitzRoy, who, having read the printed
  • of any preface of works relating to the Beagle voyage. FitzRoy objected to Darwins superficial
  • hurt by Darwins seeming lack of appreciation of how much FitzRoy himself had facilitated the
  • was duly chastened, and his published preface reflected FitzRoys wishes. The incident shows
  • on information from Phillip Parker King, and compiled by FitzRoy, ‘abounds with Natural History of a
  • time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoys volume showed just how far he
  • with the Biblical account. ‘You will be amused with FitzRoys Deluge Chapter’, Darwin wrote to his
  • early as September 1837, he had secured an agreement with FitzRoy that would allow Darwin to
  • to add accounts of the Fuegians, drawing on material from FitzRoys account in Narrative . In

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 10 hits

  • of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used
  • on board the Beagle, and became more content after FitzRoy took a man from the Alakaluf tribe
  • Beagle following the theft of their boatAfter FitzRoy captured two more men (Boat Memory
  • stayed with an English family while the men remained with FitzRoy. After being overcome with terror
  • and  Orundellico, met a select group of people, including FitzRoys relations, men of science , …
  • Yokcushlu, and gave her a bonnet, a ring, and some money. FitzRoy did not treat his captives as
  • she readily received instruction. By the summer of 1831, FitzRoy had spent £1,500 of his own funds
  • compatriots in their native state . Bad weather prevented FitzRoy from reaching Yokcushlu and
  • Fuegians to set up a mission. Within days, however, FitzRoy had removed Matthews, believing it to be
  • and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert FitzRoy’s suicide), 1865. …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 20 hits

  • be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the  Narrative  (2: 18). CD, …
  • … , discussing the preparations for the voyage, refers to FitzRoysimmense stock of instruments &amp
  • will be  plenty  of room for Books.’ (Letter from Robert FitzRoy, 23 September 1831 ). On board
  • to in the regulations have unfortunately been lost and FitzRoy, so far as is known, left no records
  • stockwhich CD mentions may be had from a letter FitzRoy wrote to his sister during an earlier
  • certain books, or that he has them in his possession. FitzRoy, in his  Narrative , also mentions
  • many of his references coincide with CDs. However, since FitzRoys account was written after his
  • subject of the book makes it equally plausible that CD or FitzRoy thought it would be useful and
  • not have had occasion to consult the technical books used by FitzRoy in his survey work, and there
  • … . . .Translated . . . by John Black. With Notes . . . by Robert Jameson.  London, 1813. (DAR 30.2: …
  • unidentified; see also Hawkesworth, John). (DAR 32.2: 89v.; Robert FitzRoys letter to the South
  • barometer.  2d ed. London, n.d. [1802]. (Letter to Robert FitzRoy, [10 October 1831]). DAR 196.2 †. …
  • 4th ed. London, 1806. (Inscription in vol. 1: ‘Rob t  FitzRoy to Charles Darwin’;  Red notebook
  • The history of England.  Volume one. London, 1830. (Robert FitzRoys letter to the  South African
  • … . . .  2 vols. London, 1826. (DAR 31.2: 319; letter to Robert Fitzroy, 28 August 1834). Darwin
  • …  2 vols. 5th ed. York, 1824. (Inscription: ‘Rob t . FitzRoy 1831’). Darwin LibraryCUL †. § …
  • 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, and 1804 . . .  London, 1805. (Robert FitzRoys letter to the  South
  • John  An account of the voyages . . .  London, 1773. (Robert FitzRoys letter to the  South
  • …  Edinburgh, 1814. ( Voyage , p. 89). Fox, Robert Were. On the electro-magnetic properties
  • Sydney, N. S. W.). Darwin LibraryDown. Southey, RobertHistory of Brazil.  London, 1810

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a convert to) Darwin’s theory, died at the end of January; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the  Beagle …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, [3 November 1865] ). The death of Robert FitzRoy Another …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as …
  • … from the western part of Tierra del Fuego, was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats …
  • … a man, whom he called York Minster. Continuing the hunt, FitzRoy then seized another young man near …
  • … boat. This was Boat Memory, ‘the best-featured Fuegian’ FitzRoy had seen, and ‘a very favourable …
  • … for passing English ships. Embarked on this course, FitzRoy had the four Fuegians vaccinated …
  • … and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats …
  • … young girl called Yokcushlu. During his search for the boat, FitzRoy realised the need to become …
  • … the others taunted Orundellico when he first came on board. FitzRoy saw this incident as ‘droll’, …
  • … a good impression among the crew, except for Elleparu, whom FitzRoy regarded as a ‘displeasing …
  • … like Orundellico better.  When bad weather prevented FitzRoy from returning Elleparu and …
  • … with the missionary Richard Matthews. Within days, however, FitzRoy decided that it was too …
  • … to abandon them en route and steal all their belongings. FitzRoy believed that Elleparu had this in …
  • … and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

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  • … Graham celebrates the writings of Darwin’s father, Robert . Robert Darwin was “the very closest …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … in the Cambridge University Library, indicate that Robert Waring Darwin gave his own copy to his son …
  • … to collecting marine specimens from the Firth of Forth with Robert Edmond Grant, his zoological …
  • … consequent recommendation of the young graduate. Although Robert Waring Darwin initially doubted the …
  • … end of the voyage, though its publication was delayed until FitzRoy completed his volume of the …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 7 hits

  • of Tierra del FuegoHe was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the
  • boy was called Jemmy Button by the Beagle crew because FitzRoy had given a large mother-of-pearl
  • thought he was being taken further than a nearby island, but FitzRoy had decided to educate his
  • the missionary sent back with the Fuegians, because FitzRoy had removed him within days of arrival, …
  • returned, several months later, to check on the progress of FitzRoys three protégés, Elleparu and
  • boots was now indistinguishable from any other native. FitzRoy could hardly contain his feelings at
  • and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. …

Conrad Martens

Summary

Conrad Martens was born in London, the son of an Austrian diplomat. He studied landscape painting under the watercolourist Copley Fielding (1789–1855), who also briefly taught Ruskin. In 1833 he was on board the Hyacinth, headed for India, but en route in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … for India, but en route in Rio de Janeiro, learned that Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle …
  • … crew in July 1833; he stayed with them until July 1834, when FitzRoy sold the Beagle 's …
  • … commander of the British South American Survey, to whom FitzRoy had given him a letter of …
  • … deposited in Cambridge University Library in 1977. FitzRoy wrote in his Narrative of the …
  • … to beauty’. Martens’s sketches suggest that both he and FitzRoy interpreted this brief more widely, …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York Minster) whom Robert FitzRoy was returning to their homeland …
  • … task. ( Narrative 2: Appendix, pp. 93–7.) After FitzRoy decided that Matthews, together …
  • … 1845, p. 223). When all seemed well the following morning, FitzRoy decided to leave for a few days, …
  • … and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.  [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 26 hits

  • references at end of each Chap. June 1. King & FitzRoys Voyages [King 1839 and FitzRoy
  • … [Brewster 1831] March. 8 Houdins the conjurer Life [Robert-Houdin [1859] 19
  • 21  Erasmus Alvey Darwin. 22  Robert Waring Darwin. 23  The  …
  • The   cyclopædia of anatomy and physiology,  edited by Robert Bentley Todd, was issued in parts. …
  • Pulteney. 1847. Instinct. In vol. 3, pp. 129, of Todd, Robert BentleyThe cyclopædia of anatomy
  • on the progress of civilisation . Edinburgh: William and Robert Chambers119: 22a Anon. …
  • Therry,   Esq.  Sydney. *119: 8v. Brown, Robert. 1814. General remarks, geographical
  • … … Translated   by John Black. With notes …   by Robert Jameson . London. [Darwin Library.]  …
  • by her niece. 7 vols. London. 119: 12b, 18b Burns, Robert. 1786Poems, chiefly in the
  • London. [Other eds.]  119: 11b [Chambers, Robert]. 1844Vestiges of the natural history
  • 1847Reminiscences of Samuel Taylor   Coleridge and Robert Southey . London119: 21b
  • 3 vols. London.  *119: 21, 23; 119: 22b Curzon, Robert. 1849Visits to monasteries in
  • pts. London. [Darwin Library.]  119: 12a [Darwin, Robert Waring]. 1787Principia
  • Useful Knowledge.) London.  *119: 14, 22 Drury, Robert. 1729Madagascar; or, Robert
  • fraisiers . 2 pts. Paris.  *119: 21v. Dudley, Robert. 1844Correspondence of Robert
  • of   those countries . London.  *119: 13v. FitzRoy, Robert. 1839Narrative of the
  • between the years   1826 and 1836 . Edited by Robert FitzRoy. 3 vols. and appendix. (Vol. 2 and
  • …   expedition, 18316, under the command of Captain Robert   Fitz-Roy .) London119: 5a
  • forest trees.  London119: 7a, 13a Fortune, Robert. 1847Three yearswanderings in
  • et   morale . Paris119: 20a Gleig, George Robert. 1848The life of Robert, first
  • history . London. 119: 8a Haydon, Benjamin Robert. 1853The life of B. R. Haydon .   …
  • 6a Hickson, William Edward. 1849. Review of Thomas Robert MalthusAn essay on the
  • and Asia . From the French of M. le Poivre. Philadelphia: Robert Bell.  *119: 15 ——. 1779
  • …   between the years 1826 and 1836 . Edited by Robert FitzRoy. 3 vols. and appendix. (Vol. 1:  …
  • … . London. [Other eds.]  *119: 22v.; 128: 2 Knox, Robert. 1850The races of men: a
  • … [Abstract in DAR 205.2: 100.] 128: 16 Latham, Robert Gordon. 1851Man and his   …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from Scotland about a …
  • … the eye, which resulted in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin …
  • … survive. One of these has been transcribed in Appendix IV. Robert Swinhoe, the British consul in …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin’s earthquakes

Summary

Darwin experienced his first earthquake in 1834, but it was a few months later that he was really confronted with their power. Travelling north along the coast of Chile, Darwin and Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, were confronted with a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … power. Travelling north along the coast of Chile, Darwin and Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle …
  • … the towns and villages that made an impression; Darwin and FitzRoy also noticed the small but …

About Darwin

Summary

To many of us, Darwin’s name is synonymous with his theory of evolution by natural selection.  But even before the publication of On the Origin of Species in 1859, he was publicly known through his popular book about the voyage of the Beagle, and he was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in 1817, leaving them in the care of their father, Robert Waring Darwin, an outsize character who …
  • … to travel around the world as a gentleman companion to Robert FitzRoy, the captain of H.M.S. Beagle. …

About Darwin

Summary

To many of us, Darwin’s name is synonymous with his theory of evolution by natural selection.  But even before the publication of On the Origin of Species in 1859, he was publicly known through his popular book about the voyage of the Beagle, and he was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in 1817, leaving them in the care of their father, Robert Waring Darwin, an outsize character who …
  • … to travel around the world as a gentleman companion to Robert FitzRoy, the captain of H.M.S. Beagle. …
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