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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To G. H. Darwin   [after 25 February 1879]

Summary

Frank [Darwin] has found a Trifolium remarkable for "bloom", but it was not in flower. If GHD knows where it grows, could he dig up the whole plant?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [after 25 Feb 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10342

To Francis Darwin   [4 February – 8 March 1879]

Summary

Requests some seeds.

Believes the leaves of Phyllanthus sleep like those of Cassia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [4 Feb – 8 Mar 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11815

From C. F. Austin   February 1879

Summary

Encloses Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, with account of a fungus that exhales chlorine;

relates his discovery in 1852 of a flowering plant that had "perfectly formed beetles" in the place of anthers.

Author:  Coe Finch Austin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 159: 130
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11853

From Karl Beger   [c. 12 February 1879]

Summary

Birthday wishes.

Author:  Friedrich Theodor Karl (Karl) Beger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 12 Feb 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11854

From D. Appleton & Co.   1 February 1879

Summary

Statement of U.S. sales of CD’s works.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 159: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11855

From Henry Potonié    1 February 1879

Summary

Cites evolutionary passages by Alexander Braun in English edition of Braun’s Verjüngung [1853].

Author:  Henry Potonié
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 174: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11856

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   3 February 1879

Summary

Heliotropic movements. Is giving up experiments until the spring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  3 Feb 1879
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 158–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11857

To H. N. Moseley   4 February 1879

Summary

Comments on HNM’s book [Notes by a naturalist on the "Challenger" (1879)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Nottidge Moseley
Date:  4 Feb 1879
Classmark:  Christie’s, London (dealers) (online 31 October – 8 November 2018, lot 13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11858

From Thomas Maston   5 February 1879

Summary

A stonemason who has read Origin and Descent and defends CD’s theory against theological prejudice, would like to read CD’s other books but is too poor to afford them.

Author:  Thomas Maston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 171: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11859

From H. N. Moseley   5 February 1879

Summary

Sends regards from Capt. Charles Owen, who had collected beetles for CD.

Owen’s son is going to Oregon with Wallis Nash.

Author:  Henry Nottidge Moseley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 171: 258
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11860

From Raphael Meldola   6 February 1879

Summary

Has arranged for publication of his translation of Weismann.

S. H. Scudder article on sexual dimorphism in butterflies [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 12 (1877): 150–8].

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 171: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11861

To Raphael Meldola   7 February 1879

Summary

Wishes to subscribe to RM’s translation of Weismann.

Has seen Scudder’s article.

A. R. Wallace’s article ["Animals and their native countries", Nineteenth Century 5 (1879): 247–59] is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Raphael Meldola
Date:  7 Feb 1879
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History (Hope Entomological Collections 1350: Hope/Westwood Archive, Darwin folder)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11862

From Leopold Würtenberger   7 February 1879

Summary

£100 has arrived and LW will set to work.

Author:  Leopold Würtenberger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 181: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11863

From George Henslow   8 February 1879

Summary

GH no longer believes in the value of cross-fertilisation in plants.

Author:  George Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 166: 175
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11864

To Edward Frankland   8 February 1879

Summary

Gives results of the experiments: the leaves in most cases make the water alkaline. It cannot be ammonia. He and his son, Francis, suspect potash, which is valued as a manure. Will be grateful for the analysis EF has offered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  8 Feb 1879
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester (Frankland Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11864A

From Ernst Haeckel   9 February 1879

Summary

Sends birthday wishes.

Comments on progress of CD’s theory in Germany. Mentions opposition of Rudolf Virchow and his reply Freie Wissenschaft und freie Lehre [1878].

Describes research trip to Brittany and Normandy.

Research on Challenger Radiolaria.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 166: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11865

From Karl Alberts   9 February 1879

Summary

Birthday congratulations from the editors of Kosmos. They will mark the occasion with a special number of Kosmos.

Author:  Karl Alberts
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11866

To Karl Alberts   [after 9 February 1879]

Summary

Thanks KA and the other editors of Kosmos for the issue published in honour of his birthday. Sees there is much in it that will interest him greatly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Alberts
Date:  [after 9 Feb 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 95v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11867

From Ernst Krause   10 February 1879

Summary

Birthday greetings.

Author:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 92: B14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11868

To Anton de Bary   11 February 1879

Summary

Thanks ADeB for sending him Botanische Zeitung, but asks him to send it no more, as CD takes it regularly and has procured the volumes from the beginning.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Anton Heinrich (Anton) de Bary
Date:  11 Feb 1879
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections MSS DAR 45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11869
Document type
letter (70)
Date
1879
02
01 (3)
03 (1)
04 (2)
05 (2)
06 (1)
07 (2)
08 (2)
09 (3)
10 (1)
11 (2)
12 (12)
13 (3)
14 (2)
16 (2)
17 (3)
19 (1)
20 (2)
21 (9)
24 (2)
25 (7)
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Émile (8) Alice (2) Alison, R. E. …
  • … (1) Allen, Thomas (2) Allman, G. J. …
  • … (1) Appleton, C. E. C. B. (2) Appleton, T. G. …
  • … (5) Austin, A. D. (2) Austin, C. F. …
  • … (7) Axon, W. E. A. (2) Aylmer, I. E. …
  • … (3) Baldwin, J. D. (2) Balfour, F. M. …
  • … (1) Baranoff, W. (2) Barber, M. E. …
  • … (1) Barnard, Anne (2) Barnes, K. S. …
  • … (1) Barrois, J. H. (2) Bartlett, A. D. …
  • … (1) Batalin, A. F. (2) Bate, C. S. …
  • … (1) Bates, Frederick (2) Bates, H. W. …
  • … (1) Baumhauer, E. H. von (2) Baxter, E. B. …
  • … (3) Beale, L. S. (2) Beall, T. B. (1 …
  • … B. (1) Beck, John (2) Becker, L. E. …
  • … (3) Beger, Karl (2) Behrens, Frederick …
  • … (1) Bell, Robert (b) (2) Bell, Thomas …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Stoke’s Library 1 Cambridge. Library 2 Royal Coll of Surgeons [DAR *119 …
  • … de l’Homme,” by Dr. Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4   …
  • … 1829]; read Letter to M. Therry [Broughton 1832]— a 2 d  Edit preparing in 1841.— Lesson …
  • … of habits of birds. Temminck Manuel D’ornithologie. 2 d  Edit: Introduction on migration of …
  • … Ker Porter’s Travels in Caucasus [R. K. Porter 1821–2] praised by Silliman poor Cyclop. of …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Darwin, how did language begin? 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And …
  • … sense, a more developed moral sense, and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? …

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to me. So the world goes.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 February [1865] ). However, Hooker, at the …
  • … idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not until 25 …
  • … abstract of the paper was read before the Linnean Society on 2 February, and in April Darwin wrote …
  • … 1867), and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott …
  • … and professional seniority ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ); but Darwin’s feelings …
  • … in healing this ugly breach’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ), Darwin seems to have …
  • … of weather-forecasting ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and nn. 2 and 5), and he may …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … in plants , pp. 112–13). He explained to Francis on 2 July : ‘I go on maundering about the …
  • … tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘& work by myself will be …
  • … [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clockwork …
  • … animal instinct and intelligence. ‘Frank’s son, nearly 2 years old (& we think much of his …
  • … more expertly. ‘I conclude that a child—just under 2 years is inferior in intellect to a monkey.’ …
  • … & a baby in your house!’ ( letter to G. J. Romanes, 2 September [1878] ). More …
  • … seems to me quite ridiculous’ ( letter to John Price, 2 April [1878] ). When a wealthy businessman …
  • … was ‘deeply gratified’, remarking to Skertchly on 2 March : ‘It is the greatest possible …
  • … that such checks had been in action during the last 2 or 3 centuries, or even for a shorter time in …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Paul. It’s a very great pleasure. 2. Victorian spiritualism and the …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … which came to my mind as I read his book. 2. Darwin's influences …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … some of these poems today, and? 2. The idea of writing about Darwin …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you for the flattering introduction. 2. The unusual role Darwin plays today …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … surrounding evolutionary theories. 2. The situation in France …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] If the descent of languages was …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … arose.   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sites in both France and Germany (K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 336). In April 1860, Lubbock travelled …
  • … of errata’ that he may have seen, and then mentioned: 2 have struck out Galton …
  • … what he thought of the affair ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ). Hooker, for his part, …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the  Narrative  (2: 18). CD, in his letter to Henslow, 9 …
  • … in notes made during 1833 cite secondary sources (DAR 33: 254 and DAR 30.2: 112) but several later …
  • … during the summer of 1836 (Sulloway 1982b, pp. 331–2, n. 13). Finally, there are two works that CD …
  • … de Voisins, Jean Franc~ois d’.  Traité de géognosie . 2 vols. Strasbourg, 1819. (Inscription in …
  • … 1835). * Boitard, Pierre.  Manuel d’entomologie. 2 vols. Paris, 1828. (Inscription in vol. 2
  • … Forster. London, 1772. ( Voyage ,  p. 178; DAR 34.2: 153). §  British Association for …
  • … des Sciences Naturelles   28 (1833): 26–35. (DAR 35.2: 396). ‘Philosophical tracts’, Darwin …
  • … With Notes . . . by Robert Jameson.  London, 1813. (DAR 30.2: 154). Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … John.  Travels in the interior of Southern Africa . 2 vols. London, 1822–4. ( Voyage , p. 182;  …
  • … Blonde to the Sandwich Islands,   in the years 1824–25 . London, 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … unaufhörlich ringen; Manch’ ein Eppur si muove! 2 klang Den dichten Nebel zu …
  • … shall be in eternal strife; Many an Eppur si muove! 2 was uttered To pierce the heavy …
  • … poet Ludovico Ariosto, first published in 1516. 2. Eppur si muove!: And yet it moves! …
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