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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To ?   3 February [1875–82]

Summary

Asks that enclosed letter be posted for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  3 Feb [1875-82]
Classmark:  DAR 249: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13889B

To Francis Darwin   [c. February 1875?]

Summary

Begs FD’s pardon: his notes on Utricularia amethystina are on same page with those on U. nelumbifolia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [c. Feb 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219B

To ?   [February 1875 or earlier?]

Summary

Reports that Variation is out of print. Suggests means of obtaining a copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [Feb 1875 or earlier?]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) catalogue p. 192 (20 July 1989)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9790A

To ?   [after 17 February 1875]

Summary

CD is obliged for a note he will use for a new [2d] edition of Variation [1875].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [after 17 Feb 1875]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9795

From D. Appleton & Co   1 February 1875

Summary

Statement of U. S. sales of Origin, Expression, and Descent.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 159: A94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9837

From G. G. Bianconi   1 February 1875

Summary

At work on new editions of his books against CD’s theory [La teoria dell’uomo-scimmia (1864); La théorie darwinienne (1874)]. Had hoped to receive CD’s comments, as earlier promised; they would still be useful.

Author:  Giovanni Giuseppe Bianconi
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 160: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9838

To Gustav Jäger   3 February 1875

Summary

Comments on GJ’s book [In Sachen Darwins ins-besondere contra Wigand (1874)]. Not convinced that there are species which are fixed or variable independently of the conditions to which they are subjected.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gustav Jäger
Date:  3 Feb 1875
Classmark:  Frau Dr Hildegard Jaeger (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9839

From Anton Bachmaier   4 February 1875

Summary

Asks for information about alleged regeneration of amputated human fingers and toes. Mentions observations on regeneration of salamander extremities.

Author:  Anton Bachmaier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 160: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9840

From J. V. Carus   5 February 1875

Summary

New [3d] German edition of Descent will soon be out.

Will begin translating Journal of researches, which will be first volume of CD’s collected works.

JVC has proposed bringing out all CD’s botanical papers in one or two volumes.

Errata in Descent enclosed.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9841

From Albert Günther   6 February 1875

Summary

Has been appointed to a Keepership at British Museum.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 165: 256
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9842

From J. D. Hooker   [7 February 1875]

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Summary

Has met Capt. George Strong Nares of the Challenger expedition at Huxley’s.

Huxley much at a loss to explain red clay at deep sea-bottom.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Feb 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9843

To J. V. Carus   7 February 1875

Summary

Thanks JVC for errata [in Descent, 2d ed.].

Discusses work in progress and publication plans.

Will be pleased to receive concluding volume of JVC’s Zoologie [see 8531].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  7 Feb 1875
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 131–132)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9844

From Anton Dohrn   7 February 1875

Summary

Thanks to CD’s help Zoological Station has passed a crisis and is now flourishing.

Is writing pamphlet on "the origin of vertebrates and the principle of succession of functions" [see 9991 and 10003]. It is likely CD will not be pleased with it, but he thinks he must now, after seven years, bring it out. Seeks to open the way for a new series of theoretical questions.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 162: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9845

From G. H. Darwin to James T. Knowles   8 February 1875

Summary

Letter [to editor of Contemp. Rev.] saying that W. D. Whitney would like to reply to Max Müller. Hopes space can be given him.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  James Thomas Knowles
Date:  8 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9846

To J. W. Clark   9 February 1875

Summary

Thanks for information about effect of fear on the iris.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Warner Clark
Date:  9 Feb 1875
Classmark:  University of California, Berkeley, The Bancroft Library (BANC MSS 74/78 z)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9847

To Albert Günther   9 February [1875]

Summary

Rejoices at AG’s "honourable & important" position [Keeper of the Zoological Department, British Museum].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  9 Feb [1875]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9848

From J. T. Knowles   9 February 1875

Summary

Assures CD that space will be reserved in the April Contemporary Review for W. D. Whitney’s article and solicits an introductory section from C.D.

Author:  James Thomas Knowles
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Feb 1875
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (William Dwight Whitney family papers (MS 555) Box 22, folder 584 1875 Feb. 8-11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9848F

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   10 February 1875

Summary

Has been experimenting with phosphates on Drosera and wonders whether animals digest a particular one.

Asks whether Huxley has approached him regarding the introduction of a vivisection act.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  10 Feb 1875
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9849

To J. D. Hooker   10 February [1875]

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Summary

Is provoked by trouble he is having writing Insectivorous plants.

Curious case of an unknown form of Glaucium in earth covered with slag for 1400 years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Feb [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 374–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9850

To G. H. Darwin   10 [February 1875]

Summary

J. T. Knowles [editor of Contemp. Rev.] hopes W. D. Whitney’s article will be a long one.

CD is sorry about GHD’s account of his low spirits. "I know well the feeling of life being objectless & all being vanity of vanities."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  10 [Feb 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9851
Document type
letter (47)
Date
1875
02
01 (3)
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17 (5)
19 (1)
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22 (1)
23 (3)
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25 (2)
28 (1)
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Émile (8) Alice (2) Alison, R. E. …
  • … (1) Allen, Thomas (2) Allman, G. J. …
  • … (1) Appleton, C. E. C. B. (2) Appleton, T. G. …
  • … (5) Austin, A. D. (2) Austin, C. F. …
  • … (7) Axon, W. E. A. (2) Aylmer, I. E. …
  • … (3) Baldwin, J. D. (2) Balfour, F. M. …
  • … (1) Baranoff, W. (2) Barber, M. E. …
  • … (1) Barnard, Anne (2) Barnes, K. S. …
  • … (1) Barrois, J. H. (2) Bartlett, A. D. …
  • … (1) Batalin, A. F. (2) Bate, C. S. …
  • … (1) Bates, Frederick (2) Bates, H. W. …
  • … (1) Baumhauer, E. H. von (2) Baxter, E. B. …
  • … (3) Beale, L. S. (2) Beall, T. B. (1 …
  • … B. (1) Beck, John (2) Becker, L. E. …
  • … (3) Beger, Karl (2) Behrens, Frederick …
  • … (1) Bell, Robert (b) (2) Bell, Thomas …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Stoke’s Library 1 Cambridge. Library 2 Royal Coll of Surgeons [DAR *119 …
  • … de l’Homme,” by Dr. Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4   …
  • … 1829]; read Letter to M. Therry [Broughton 1832]— a 2 d  Edit preparing in 1841.— Lesson …
  • … of habits of birds. Temminck Manuel D’ornithologie. 2 d  Edit: Introduction on migration of …
  • … Ker Porter’s Travels in Caucasus [R. K. Porter 1821–2] praised by Silliman poor Cyclop. of …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … edition published, 1872   1 st to 2 nd editions I have …
  • … the voids caused by the action of His laws.” ( Origin 2d ed, p. 481).   2 nd …
  • … to a letter to Asa Gray he had yet to start it on 28 January, but on 2 February 1860 he told …
  • … “Origin” for the first time, for I am correcting for a 2 nd . French Edition; & upon my life, …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … nor was it recorded in Darwin's ‘Journal’. Chapter 2 is not extant but was recorded in Darwin& …
  • … [1] (not extant) 2 13 October 1856 …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Darwin, how did language begin? 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And …
  • … sense, a more developed moral sense, and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? …

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … his wife sent birthday greetings and a photograph of their 2-year-old son named Darwin, who, they …
  • … materialism”’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 2 June 1879 ]). As one of Darwin’s most ardent …
  • … other than Darwin’s sister Caroline (who was around 2 years old at the time of Erasmus’s death). …
  • … that plants were ‘mere machines’, reminding Francis on 2 June that he had long thought that …
  • … for certain movements’ ( second letter to Francis Darwin, 2 July [1879] ). Sachs guarded …
  • … for” &c are incessant’, Darwin joked on 2 July (first letter) . Much of the time, however, …
  • … their ‘tremendous journey’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [2 August 1879] ). The journey proved more …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to me. So the world goes.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 February [1865] ). However, Hooker, at the …
  • … idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not until 25 …
  • … abstract of the paper was read before the Linnean Society on 2 February, and in April Darwin wrote …
  • … 1867), and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott …
  • … and professional seniority ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ); but Darwin’s feelings …
  • … in healing this ugly breach’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ), Darwin seems to have …
  • … of weather-forecasting ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and nn. 2 and 5), and he may …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 1 hits

  • … More Detecting Darwin activities 2 Learn about Darwin and the Beagle …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … in plants , pp. 112–13). He explained to Francis on 2 July : ‘I go on maundering about the …
  • … tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘& work by myself will be …
  • … [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clockwork …
  • … animal instinct and intelligence. ‘Frank’s son, nearly 2 years old (& we think much of his …
  • … more expertly. ‘I conclude that a child—just under 2 years is inferior in intellect to a monkey.’ …
  • … & a baby in your house!’ ( letter to G. J. Romanes, 2 September [1878] ). More …
  • … seems to me quite ridiculous’ ( letter to John Price, 2 April [1878] ). When a wealthy businessman …
  • … was ‘deeply gratified’, remarking to Skertchly on 2 March : ‘It is the greatest possible …
  • … that such checks had been in action during the last 2 or 3 centuries, or even for a shorter time in …

Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle, by John Clunies Ross. Transcription by Katharine Anderson

Summary

[f.146r Title page] Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2nd 3rd and Appendix Volumes of the First / Edition Written / for and in the name of the Author of those / Volumes By J.C. Ross. / Sometime Master of a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2 nd 3 rd and Appendix Volumes of …
  • … many Kentledge pigs – and almost as heavy – limited the 2 nd to 700 pages of easily readable type …
  • … for commanding under it an H.C. Cruizer [ vf.147v p.2 ] of considerably greater tonnage – and …
  • … making a quick passage to the Southward. In the 2 nd that the expression “sailed from …
  • … in singing ^of^ jovial sea songs even on Wednesdays *[2] [ f.158r p.23 ] instead of the …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … surrounding evolutionary theories. 2. The situation in France …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Paul. It’s a very great pleasure. 2. Victorian spiritualism and the …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … which came to my mind as I read his book. 2. Darwin's influences …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … some of these poems today, and? 2. The idea of writing about Darwin …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you for the flattering introduction. 2. The unusual role Darwin plays today …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …
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