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To ?   7 April [1871]


Asks correspondent to thank Thomas Laycock for his references. CD has been away from home and has not yet consulted his copy of Laycock’s Mind and brain [1860].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  7 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  R. M. Smythe (dealer) (November 1998)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6102A

To W. B. Dawkins   12 April [1871]


Sends contribution of £5 to Settle Cave Exploration Fund.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Boyd Dawkins
Date:  12 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6695

From W. E. Darwin   [April 1871?]



J. S. Mill’s account of the moral sense in Utilitarianism [1863] appears muddled. [See Descent 1: 71 n.]

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr 1871?]
Classmark:  DAR 88: 76–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7048

From C. L. Balch   [after 15 April 1871]


CD’s photographs have been sent to [J. W. A.] McDonald, the sculptor, who will make a marble bust for the Liberal Club of New York and a bronze or plaster one for sale; CD will receive a copy. CD has been elected an Honorary Member of the Club, and

CB asks whether he could give them a few words of advice on a practical method of biological study for beginners.

Author:  Charles Leland Balch
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 15 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7408

From E. J. Pfeiffer   [before 26 April 1871]


Suggests aesthetic sense in animals is merely secondary to sexual selection.

Author:  Emily Jane Pfeiffer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 26 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 174: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7411

From Francis Darwin   [before 22 April 1871?]


Expressions in attitudes of prayer and adoration.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 22 Apr 1871?]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7420

From Frank Chance   [before 25 April 1871]


His beard is darker than his hair, an exception to CD’s rule in Descent [2: 319]. Encloses sample of his hair, beard, and whiskers.

Author:  Frank Chance
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 25 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 89: 198–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7522

From W. B. Tegetmeier   [after 25 April 1871]



Points out errata in Descent.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 25 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 88: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7523

To Frederic Harrison   1 April [1871]


Discusses his concept of beauty. "I daresay I have made too much of natural selection".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederic Harrison
Date:  1 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.392)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7650

From F. J. Wedgwood to H. E. Darwin   1 April 1871



Writes to HED for fear of tiring CD and to pass on, if she deems suitable, her view that there is no distinction to be made between self-regarding and other-regarding virtues.

Author:  Frances Julia (Snow) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  1 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 68–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7651

To F. J. Wedgwood   [after 1 April 1871?]


Protests against FJW making the struggle for existence still more odious by calling it ‘selfish competition’.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Julia (Snow) Wedgwood
Date:  [after 1 Apr 1871?]
Classmark:  Christie’s, London (dealers) (3 March 2004)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7651F

From J. E. Gray   2 April 1871



Sexual differences in sloths. J. G. Wagler article on sloths [Isis 24 (1831): 604–12].

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 95–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7652

From E. B. de Fonblanque   2 April 1871


Encloses notes that illustrate apparent intelligent reasoning by a dog which tricked an adversary, and by an elephant peaceably enduring a painful operation.

Author:  Edward Barrington de Fonblanque
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7653

From A. F. Boardman   3 April 1871


Apologises for shortcomings of his argument in earlier letters, explaining he has had little scientific education, but a life-long interest in progressive development. Resumes theorising.

Author:  Alex F Boardman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 160: 231
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7654

From C. M. C. Darwin   3 April 1871


A friend with similar interests has asked to be introduced to CD, as he has some facts that will amuse him.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 99: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7655

From J. E. Gray   3 April 1871



Corrects error in his letter [7652] about date of Wagler article in Isis. Wagler said it was females that had the yellow dorsal spot.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7656

From Hubert Airy   3 April 1871



Comments on discussion of residual organs in Descent [ch. 1].

Describes his ability to contract the platysma myoides at will.

Suggests reason for loss of voluntary movement of ears in men and monkeys.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 37–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7657

From James Crichton-Browne   3 April 1871


Sends photographs of general paralytics. Expressions of exaltation of [these?] patients do not come out well in the photographs.

Is experimenting with idiots under his care. Has been unable to produce a blush in any one of them.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 53.1: A30, C134–6; DAR 161: 315
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7658

To Hubert Airy   5 April [1871]


Discusses loss of voluntary movement of ears in man and monkey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hubert Airy
Date:  5 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7659

From David Wedderburn   6 April 1871



Sexual selection in deer.

Assemblies of black cocks.

Nests of spotted flycatcher.

Author:  David Wedderburn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 163, 167–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7660
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