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From John Michels   3 May 1870

Summary

Sends drawings of atypical Geranium and honeysuckle pollen-grains. Would they produce variation in seedlings?

Author:  John Michels
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 171: 175
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10495

From J. D. Hooker   [31 May 1870]

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Summary

Sends enclosure [a letter from Lady Lyell?]. He is choking with vanity.

Is going to send Willy to Mr La Touche in Salop; he brought up young Colenso and Frank Lyell. Some of his friends will think he is sending his son into a nest of young adders!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 46; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 105: 236)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6964

From F. C. Donders   17 May 1870

Summary

The illness and death of his daughter have delayed his answers to CD’s queries. He has, however, worked on the circulation of the eye and has almost finished a paper on it, which he will send to CD. In general, the views of Charles Bell are confirmed.

As for CD’s second query, he doubts that the relationship exists, but will answer fully in next letter.

Author:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 162: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7141

To Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden   2 May [1870]

Summary

Thanks for copies of FVH’s "Preliminary field report [of the U. S. Geological Survey] of Colorado and New Mexico" [Am. J. Sci. 49 (1870): 258–63] and Geological report [of the exploration] of the Yellowstone [and Missouri] River[s under the direction of Captain W. F. Reynolds (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden
Date:  2 May [1870]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Archives (Record Unit 7177, Image No. SIA2016-009764)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7178

From L. C. Wedgwood   [5 May 1870]

Summary

Expression in horses.

Crying in babies.

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [5 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7179

To C. W. Stoddard   5 May [1870]

Summary

Discusses flora of Sandwich Isles. "There is nothing I shd enjoy so much as to visit California, but I am growing old & my health is weak".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Warren Stoddard
Date:  5 May [1870]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 72755)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7180

From W. T. Preyer   9 May 1870

Summary

Sends his "Charles Darwin, eine biographische Skizze" [Das Ausland 2 Apr 1870].

Author:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 174: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7181

From H. H. Vivian   10 May 1870

Summary

About the insertion of a column on marriage of cousins in the census form.

Author:  Henry Hussey Vivian
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 180: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7182

To H. H. Vivian   11 May [1870]

Summary

Thanks for HHV’s interest in the census [CD’s plan to add questions on consanguineous marriage to the census] on which CD hopes to persuade Sir J. Lubbock to speak.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Hussey Vivian
Date:  11 May [1870]
Classmark:  Invercargill City Libraries and Archives (Alex Robertson Collection, vol. 12: A0444 S12450012)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7183

To Fritz Müller   12 May 1870

Summary

Crossing experiments and self-sterility [in Eschscholzia].

Pangenesis.

Hermann Müller on insect adaptations for fertilisation of flowers.

CD working on book on man and sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  12 May 1870
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7184

From Francis Galton   12 May 1870

Summary

Good news: one little rabbit has a white forefoot.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 105: A17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7185

To Frans Cornelis Donders   13 May [1870]

Summary

In a fortnight will begin to arrange notes on expression. Asks for FCD’s conclusions about the contraction of eye muscles. Is interested in abstract of FCD’s experiments on "rate of travelling of the nervous powers".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Date:  13 May [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7187

To Thomas Henry Farrer   13 [May 1870]

Summary

Encloses part of letter from Fritz Müller on Passiflora, with seeds.

Is endeavouring to have included in next census a question as to whether the parents in each household are cousins.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  13 [May 1870]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7188

From Patrick Nicol   13 May 1870

Summary

Answers to CD’s queries on expression; observations on the facial expressions of the insane.

Author:  Patrick Nicol
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 172: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7189

To W. T. Preyer   15 May 1870

Summary

Comments on WP’s biographical article on CD. Asks him to thank O. F. Peschel for his present of the publication [Das Ausland 2 Apr 1870].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Date:  15 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 147: 256–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7190

From T. H. Farrer   17 May 1870

Summary

On death of his wife. Botany a solace.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 164: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7192

From C. E. C. B. Appleton   18 May [1870]

Summary

Asks CD to review Wallace’s recent book of essays [Natural selection (1870)], particularly the new essay, which questions the applicability of natural selection to man.

Author:  Charles Edward Cutts Birchall Appleton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 May [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7193

To F. C. Donders   19 May 1870

Summary

Expresses sympathy [on death of FCD’s daughter].

Will be grateful for his paper and letter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Date:  19 May 1870
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7194

From Charles Renard   20 May 1870

Summary

Announces CD’s election as Honorary Member of the Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou.

Author:  Charles (Carl Ivanovich) Renard; Secretary, Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7195

From Federico Delpino   20 May 1870

Summary

Responds to CD’s request for Canna seeds.

Studying dichogamy in Lotus. Describes mechanism that pumps pollen on to a visiting bee. Corrects Axell on Lotus.

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 162: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7196
Document type
letter (34)
Date
1870
05
02 (1)
03 (1)
05 (2)
09 (1)
10 (1)
11 (1)
12 (2)
13 (3)
15 (1)
17 (2)
18 (1)
19 (1)
20 (3)
22 (3)
25 (3)
26 (1)
27 (1)
28 (4)
30 (1)
31 (1)
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Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … blown in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley …
  • … Praya in his Journal of researches (2nd edition, p. 5). Darwin gave a further example of how …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and the struggle for existence: To J. D. Hooker,  5 June [1855] : Darwin describes the …
  • … for existence in his own weed garden. To Asa Gray,  5 September [1857] : setting out his …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … appear’, complained Darwin ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 5 January 1872 ). Piqued, Mivart flung …
  • … accepted it at least in part ( letter to August Weismann, 5 April 1872 ). ‘I wanted some …
  • … to believe it’ ( letter to Herman Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ).  Müller had sent him a …
  • … myself was standing’ ( letter to Hermann Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ). Finishing  …
  • … to me, which have ever been made’ ( letter to Mary Treat, 5 January 1872 ). In June, Lady …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Fuegians and Fuegian language? 5. What is the impact of Darwin’s writings …
  • … the correspondence shows just really didn’t happen. 5. What is the impact of Darwin’s …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Hooker, J.D. 5 Sept 1868 Kew, London (about Nagasaki …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … (1) Austen, J. T. (5) Austin, A. D. …
  • … H. (7) Ball, John (5) Ball, Robert …
  • … (1) Beaufort, Francis (5) Becher, A. B. …
  • … (8) Beneden, Édouard van (5) Bennet, C. A. (b) …
  • … (1) Birch, Samuel (5) Birkett, Thomas …
  • … (2) Boner, Charles (5) Bonham-Carter, Alice …
  • … (2) Bookseller. (5) Boole, M. E. (3) …
  • … (29) Brace, C. L. (5) Bradfield, Thomas …
  • … (3) Canby, W. M. (5) Candolle, Alphonse de …
  • … Carneri, Bartholomäus von (5) Carpenter, W. B. (19) …
  • … (3) Clark, Andrew (5) Clark, J. W. (a) …
  • … (2) Collingwood, Cuthbert (5) Colvile, J. W. …
  • … (1) Cross, George (5) Cross, R. A. …
  • … (4) Crotch, W. D. (5) Crowe, J. R. …
  • … (1) Dew-Smith, A. G. (5) Dicey, A. V. …
  • … (2) Doedes, N. D. (5) Dohrn, Anton …
  • … (3) Drummond, James (a) (5) Drysdale, …
  • … (3) Edmondston, Laurence (5) Edwards & …
  • … (1) Edwards, Henry (5) Edwards, W. H. …
  • … (3) Forchhammer, J. G. (5) Ford, G. H. …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … as he put it in a letter to J. D. Hooker of 24[–5] February [1863] . When Huxley’s book described …
  • … mentor had not said a word ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin did …
  • … for a fitting opportunity’ ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). …
  • … been filled in the fossil record ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). Only until …
  • … the  Athenæum  in response ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ). He later expressed …
  • … honours like the Copley Medal ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 [December 1863] ). Plants and …
  • … reminder of their loss (see  Correspondence  vol. 5). Unable to find Annie’s gravestone in 1863, …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1865 4 th English edition published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 …
  • … Joseph Hooker on the Arctic.   4 th to 5 th edition I have, …
  • … von Nägeli, resulting in a substantial addition ( Origin 5 th ed, pp 151–3).   Nägeli had …
  • … of significant correspondents.   5 th to 6 th edition …
  • … French edition which had already begun using the text of the 5 th English edition but had fallen …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … account book (Down House MS) and  Correspondence  vol. 5, letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 April [1855 …
  • … beauty in each leaf’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin’s aesthetic …
  • … to which they belonged. In his letter to Hooker of 5 March [1863] , he announced that the plants …
  • … by Darwin; these lists are in DAR 255: 8 and DAR 255: 2–5. The first is a list that Darwin …
  • … plants sent to him by Hooker (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ), since many of the …
  • … to Darwin from Kew. Darwin said in the letter to Hooker of 5 March [1863] that he had received …
  • …   Malpighia urens 5       …
  • …     ——  speciosa 5 do. do. …
  • … § Gongora atropurpurea 5   § Cyrtopodium Andersonii …
  • …   § ——  maculata 5   ——  punctata 10 …
  • …   Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . § …
  • … curassavica. 4.  Canna Warszewiczii. 5.  ‘speciosa’ deleted in pencil. 6.  This …
  • … 1863a, p. 10. See also letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] and n. 19. 9. …
  • … aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in ink. 13.  ‘—— pictus 8 …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of …
  • … & occasional selection has been the main agent in making 5  our domestic races. But, however, …
  • … any way useful to it, during any part of its life. (5)   Multiform difficulties will occur to …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … able to throw off thick dictionaries by flexing. On 5 April , Edward Blyth, who had supplied …
  • … 3 June 1868 ). ‘It was very kind’, Darwin wrote on 5 June , ‘almost heroic, in you to sacrifice …
  • … distributed it in Japan ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 5 September 1868 ); Edward Wilson, a neighbour …
  • … Molendo and Alexander Walther addressed themselves on 5 August to ‘the Reformator of Natural …
  • … had sent four letters the previous year, wrote again on 5 October , ‘I am quite distressed that …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (e.g. to Lydia Becker, 2 August 1863 ; to Mary Treat, 5 January 1872 ). Click on the …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … your work will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty …
  • … resulted in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American …
  • … might come into play in some circumstances. In a letter of 5 May [1867] , Darwin admitted, …
  • … would subdue; that is yours’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin complied, and his …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now two-and-a …
  • … 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 12 OCTOBER 1849 …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … de Gembloux 1839]. Said to be good by D r  L. Lindsay 5 [DAR *119: 1v.] 6 …
  • … p. 290 “Thacker” [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. …
  • … The Philosoph. of Instinct & Reason by S. Bushnan. Longman. 5 s  [Bushnan 1837]—dedicated to L …
  • … Traite Elementair  Palæontologie M. Pictet [Pictet 1844–5]— Forbes?? Waterhouse has it— 1844— read …
  • … cloth lettered, (pub. at 6 s  per vol.) reduced to 5 s  1834–43 1. Humming Birds, Vol. 1 …
  • … Gardener’s and Florist’s Dictionary, 2 vols. 8vo. 1724. 5 s . 42  [P. Miller 1724] Life …
  • … 1769] Zoolog. Journal [ Zoological Journal ] 5 Vols. Voyage de la Coquille [Duperrey …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … same man in one volume’, Darwin pointed out to Krause on 5 June , adding that although Krause’s …
  • … beyond his ‘tether’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, …
  • … Darwin with information, suggestions, and questions. On 5 February, a stonemason, Thomas Maston, …
  • … vague probabilities’ ( letter to Nicolai Mengden, 5 June 1879 ). On the very day that Emma …
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