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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To George Howard Darwin   [1866]

Summary

Asks GHD what the chances are against squinting and non-squinting children coming alternately in a family of ten.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4961

To a local landowner   [1866?]

Summary

Requests that correspondent take some action regarding the state of horses on his farm. Robert Ainslie of Tromer Lodge, Down, was fined in 1852 following CD’s complaints.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Landowner, local
Date:  [1866?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 27r
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4963

From Charles John Robinson   [1866?]

Summary

Has a small living at Norton Canon.

Will visit Charles Whitley next week.

Author:  Charles John Robinson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1866?]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4966

From Emily Catherine Langton to Emma and Charles Darwin   [6 and 7? January 1866]

Summary

CL is aware that she is dying and so says her farewells.

Author:  Emily Caroline (Lena) Langton
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin; Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 and 7? Jan 1866]
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 202)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4968

To Henry Bence Jones   3 January [1866]

Summary

A report on his somewhat improved health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Bence Jones
Date:  3 Jan [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 249: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4968A

To Philip Lutley Sclater   6 January [1866]

Summary

Discussion of ducks. CD asks for information on a domestic Chinese race about which Robert Swinhoe wrote to CD. Compares Chinese duck with Anas poecilorhyncha and Boschas.

Notes improvement in health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  6 Jan [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.311)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4970

To Fritz Müller   11 January 1866

Summary

Has read FM’s paper on sponges ["Über Darwinella aurea", Arch. Miskrosk. Anat. 1 (1865): 344–53] with interest.

Has also read FM’s work on the metamorphoses of Peneus [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 14 (1864): 104–15], an interesting and important embryological discovery.

CD regards Louis Agassiz’s opinions as valueless.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  11 Jan 1866
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4972

From Ernst Haeckel   11 January 1866

Summary

Comments on CD’s health.

Discusses origin of life and differentiation of principal classes of plants and animals.

Discusses Generelle Morphologie and its chapter on embryological development.

His lectures on CD’s theory.

Asks CD for larger portrait of himself and for several copies of the small photograph. Will send photographs of German scientists in exchange.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1866
Classmark:  DAR 166: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4973

From Jeffries Wyman   11 January 1866

Summary

Has made observations on bees’ cells. Their dimensions are not constant, nor do single bees make single cells; each one is a result of co-operation.

Author:  Jeffries Wyman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1866
Classmark:  DAR 181: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4974

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   15 [January 1866]

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Summary

In despair: has lost his copy of Verlot’s memoir on variations of flowers [Sur la production et la fixation des variétés (1866)]. Has JDH borrowed it?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [Jan 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 280
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4976

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   16 January [1866]

Summary

What progress has been made with pigeon drawings for Variation?

Can WBT persuade Mr Zurhorst to repeat a pigeon experiment?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  16 Jan [1866]
Classmark:  Archives of The New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection) (Tegetmeier 93)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4977

To [James Samuelson?]   19 January [1866?]

Summary

CD is happy to sign photograph. He will only require one copy of the journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Samuelson
Date:  19 Jan [1866?]
Classmark:  Dreweatts Bloomsbury Auctions (dealers) (25 September 2014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4977F

From J. D. Hooker   16 January 1866

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Summary

Is in a mess with his correspondence and will get no assistance before 1 April.

Has agreed to give an address on the Darwinian theory at Nottingham [meeting of BAAS].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 53–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4978

From W. B. Tegetmeier   [after 24 January 1866]

Summary

Thanks for the remittance.

Both WBT and Mr Zurhorst will repeat Zurhorst’s experiment to eliminate any chance of error.

Edward Blyth is writing on Indian cattle for the Field [27 (1866): 55–6, 77].

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 24 Jan 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4979

To Ernst Haeckel   20 January [1866]

Summary

Sends copies of photographs of himself. Asks for photographs of German naturalists.

Comments on EH’s account of Protogenes primordialis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  20 Jan [1866]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1-52/8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4980

To J. D. Hooker   21 [January 1866]

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Summary

Has found Verlot.

His sister [Emily Catherine Langton] is dying [d. 2 Feb 1866].

His stomach still very bad. Writes one or two hours and reads a little.

JDH is a wretch to remind CD of his coal-plant prophecy.

Glad JDH will give Nottingham lecture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 [Jan 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 281
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4981

To Alfred Russel Wallace   22 January 1866

Summary

Welcomes ARW’s paper on pigeons ["On the pigeons of the Malay Archipelago", Ibis 1 (1865): 365–400].

Influence of monkeys on distribution of pigeons and parrots.

Asks ARW to explain a passage in his paper on Malayan Papilionidae [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1866): 1–71] on how dimorphic forms are produced. CD knows of varieties "that will not blend or intermix", but which produce offspring quite like either parent.

ARW’s remarks on geographical distribution in Celebes "will give a cold shudder to the immutable naturalists".

Presses ARW to work on his travel journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  22 Jan 1866
Classmark:  British Library (Add 46434, f. 61)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4982

From W. B. Tegetmeier   22 January [1866]

Summary

Discusses pigeon and poultry woodcuts [for Variation].

WBT’s poultry book is at last in the hands of a solvent publisher [The poultry book (1867)].

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4983

From J. D. Hooker   23 January 1866

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Summary

Sorrow about Mrs Langton. Has been haunted by death these six or eight years. Now cannot bear to look at children asleep in bed – a sight he once thought the loveliest thing in creation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Jan 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 55–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4984

From Ernst Haeckel   28 January 1866

Summary

Discusses exchange of photographs with German scientists.

Comments on attitudes of German scientists toward CD’s theory.

Names several scientists who exchanged photographs: Braun, Virchow, Leydig, and Dohrn.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1866
Classmark:  DAR 166: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4985
Document type
letter (22)
Date
1866
01
01 (3)
03 (1)
06 (2)
11 (3)
15 (1)
16 (2)
19 (1)
20 (1)
21 (1)
22 (2)
23 (1)
24 (1)
28 (2)
29 (1)
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … "A child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … (2) Aitken, Thomas (1) Albano, Louisa …
  • … (2) Allen, Frances (1) Allen, Grant …
  • … (4) Althaus, Julius (1) Ambrose, J. L. …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the answers from the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language …
  • … after his death? Transcription 1. According to Darwin, how did language …

1 Belgrave Street, London

Summary

Marriages and gossip

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A family friend relates news of her marriage and other gossip. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono.” 1 To the master of …
  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono”. 1 —§—   …
  • … still it shines bright! 1. Non che poco io dia, da imputar sono; …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the chapters ( Natural selection ) are also given. Chapter 1 is not extant nor was it recorded in …
  • … title and references 1 [Not known] …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 0 hits

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …
  • … predominantly read the words of the following: Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles …
  • … JANE GRAY: [Jane Loring Gray’s journal. Harvard. November 1887]  1   Dr Gray went in to Boston …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in the London daily newspaper the Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. …
  • … for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Annual Report, 1864, p. 32; Animal World , 1 February …
  • … from Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [2 September 1863] (DAR 219.1: 77), and Correspondence …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … line number.     Page xiv, par. 1, line 1, insert before ‘Geoffroy’: 1   …
  • … on the modification of species.    Page xix, par. 1, line 2, insert after ‘and clearness.’: …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 0 hits

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of interview: 7 August 2008 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: This is part …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Date of interview: 28 May 2009 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 0 hits

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …
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