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From H. C. Watson   [16 May 1864]

Summary

Cover containing some seeds mentioned in the letter to H. C. Watson, 28 May [1864], f.2 (S 4512).

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 142: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13891H

From Emma and Charles Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [20 May 1864]

Summary

CD much obliged for specimen and drawings.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin; Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [20 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 97: A7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3366

From W. E. Darwin   [after 19 May 1864]

Summary

[Outline sketches of pollen from long- and short-styled yellow cowslips and from a red cowslip.]

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 19 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4369

From H. E. Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [18 May 1864]

Summary

CD would like to see Rhamnus, as an American species is dimorphic.

Sends red cowslip pollen to be measured.

Author:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [18 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4442

To W. E. Darwin   [14–17 May 1864]

Summary

Instructions on measuring pollen of dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [14–17 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 97: A3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4479

To W. E. Darwin   3 May [1864]

Summary

Thanks WED for measuring cowslip pollen. Sends dimorphic flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  3 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 97: A8, A10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4480

To Daniel Oliver   4 May [1864]

Summary

Thanks for DO’s Lessons in elementary botany [1864].

Asks him to inquire whether there are any twining species of Passiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  4 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 48 (EH 88206031)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4481

To W. E. Darwin   5 May [1864]

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Summary

Experiment instructions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  5 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4483

From William Darwin Fox   5 [May 1864]

Summary

Would like to come to Down to visit.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 [May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4484

From John Scott   5 May [1864]

Summary

Encloses MS of his paper ["On individual sterility of Oncidium", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 162–7].

His next will be on Passiflora, Disemma, and Tacsonia [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 197–206].

When he receives proofs of his Primula paper he will add CD’s case about equal-styled cowslip.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4485

To Richard Kippist   6 May [1864]

Summary

Recommends paper by John Scott to be read at Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Kippist; Linnean Society
Date:  6 May [1864]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (Charles Darwin autograph letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4486

From Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox   [6 May 1864]

Summary

CD has been so ill they must discourage visit by WDF. Recovering slowly with new treatment.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [6 May 1864]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 143)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4487

From W. E. Darwin   6 May 1864

Summary

Diagrams of short- and long-styled Pulmonaria under magnification.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 110: A75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4487F

From William Jenner to [William Walmisley Baxter?]   [after 7 May 1864?]

Summary

Prescribes "Sod. exsic." with the podophyllin for CD.

Author:  William (Sir William Jenner) Jenner
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  [after 7 May 1864?]
Classmark:  DAR 168: 47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4488

From E. A. Darwin   7 May [1864]

Summary

Henry Holland sends thanks for Zoonomia.

Sir Henry would not expect podophyllin to be good for CD.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4489

From A. R. Wallace   10 May 1864

Summary

On the Borneo cave exploration.

ARW will send his contribution to theory of origin of man. The vast mental and cranial differences between man and apes, whereas structural differences in other parts of body are small. The problem of explaining diversity of human races along with the stability of man’s form during all historical epochs. Discussion with "Anthropologicals" [following reading of ARW’s paper, "The origin of human races", before the Anthropological Society, 1 Mar 1864].

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 106: B12–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4490

From Henry Trimen   10 May 1864

Summary

Cannot give information about the box of Oxalis bulbs that his brother [Roland Trimen] has forwarded to CD.

Author:  Henry Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 178: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4491

From W. E. Darwin   12 May [1864]

Summary

Observations on style length of 150 flowers of Pulmonaria [angustifolia]. [See Forms of flowers, p. 105.]

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 110: A66–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4492

To Roland Trimen   13 May 1864

Summary

Oxalis plants have arrived safely [see 4347].

CD regrets his mistake about Disa; will correct it.

Thanks RT for his additional facts about Disa.

Is recovering slowly from ten months’ illness.

Asks whether Strelitzia reginae grows in gardens at the Cape. Suspects it must be fertilised by a bird.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roland Trimen
Date:  13 May 1864
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (Trimen papers, box 21: 59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4493

From J. D. Hooker   14 May 1864

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Summary

Is burning to hear CD’s reaction to Wallace’s excellent paper on man ["Origin of human races and the antiquity of man", J. Anthropol. Soc. Lond. 2 (1864): clviii–clxxxvi].

Wallace’s disclaimer of credit for natural selection is high-minded.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 218–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4494
Document type
letter (49)
Date
1864
05
01 (1)
03 (1)
04 (1)
05 (3)
06 (4)
07 (2)
10 (2)
12 (1)
13 (1)
14 (3)
15 (1)
16 (3)
17 (1)
18 (3)
19 (5)
20 (4)
21 (2)
22 (1)
24 (1)
25 (1)
28 (4)
29 (1)
30 (1)
31 (2)
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Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … blown in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley …
  • … Praya in his Journal of researches (2nd edition, p. 5). Darwin gave a further example of how …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and the struggle for existence: To J. D. Hooker,  5 June [1855] : Darwin describes the …
  • … for existence in his own weed garden. To Asa Gray,  5 September [1857] : setting out his …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … appear’, complained Darwin ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 5 January 1872 ). Piqued, Mivart flung …
  • … accepted it at least in part ( letter to August Weismann, 5 April 1872 ). ‘I wanted some …
  • … to believe it’ ( letter to Herman Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ).  Müller had sent him a …
  • … myself was standing’ ( letter to Hermann Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ). Finishing  …
  • … to me, which have ever been made’ ( letter to Mary Treat, 5 January 1872 ). In June, Lady …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Fuegians and Fuegian language? 5. What is the impact of Darwin’s writings …
  • … the correspondence shows just really didn’t happen. 5. What is the impact of Darwin’s …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Hooker, J.D. 5 Sept 1868 Kew, London (about Nagasaki …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … (1) Austen, J. T. (5) Austin, A. D. …
  • … H. (7) Ball, John (5) Ball, Robert …
  • … (1) Beaufort, Francis (5) Becher, A. B. …
  • … (8) Beneden, Édouard van (5) Bennet, C. A. (b) …
  • … (1) Birch, Samuel (5) Birkett, Thomas …
  • … (2) Boner, Charles (5) Bonham-Carter, Alice …
  • … (2) Bookseller. (5) Boole, M. E. (3) …
  • … (29) Brace, C. L. (5) Bradfield, Thomas …
  • … (3) Canby, W. M. (5) Candolle, Alphonse de …
  • … Carneri, Bartholomäus von (5) Carpenter, W. B. (19) …
  • … (3) Clark, Andrew (5) Clark, J. W. (a) …
  • … (2) Collingwood, Cuthbert (5) Colvile, J. W. …
  • … (1) Cross, George (5) Cross, R. A. …
  • … (4) Crotch, W. D. (5) Crowe, J. R. …
  • … (1) Dew-Smith, A. G. (5) Dicey, A. V. …
  • … (2) Doedes, N. D. (5) Dohrn, Anton …
  • … (3) Drummond, James (a) (5) Drysdale, …
  • … (3) Edmondston, Laurence (5) Edwards & …
  • … (1) Edwards, Henry (5) Edwards, W. H. …
  • … (3) Forchhammer, J. G. (5) Ford, G. H. …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … as he put it in a letter to J. D. Hooker of 24[–5] February [1863] . When Huxley’s book described …
  • … mentor had not said a word ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin did …
  • … for a fitting opportunity’ ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). …
  • … been filled in the fossil record ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). Only until …
  • … the  Athenæum  in response ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ). He later expressed …
  • … honours like the Copley Medal ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 [December 1863] ). Plants and …
  • … reminder of their loss (see  Correspondence  vol. 5). Unable to find Annie’s gravestone in 1863, …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … account book (Down House MS) and  Correspondence  vol. 5, letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 April [1855 …
  • … beauty in each leaf’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin’s aesthetic …
  • … to which they belonged. In his letter to Hooker of 5 March [1863] , he announced that the plants …
  • … by Darwin; these lists are in DAR 255: 8 and DAR 255: 2–5. The first is a list that Darwin …
  • … plants sent to him by Hooker (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ), since many of the …
  • … to Darwin from Kew. Darwin said in the letter to Hooker of 5 March [1863] that he had received …
  • …   Malpighia urens 5       …
  • …     ——  speciosa 5 do. do. …
  • … § Gongora atropurpurea 5   § Cyrtopodium Andersonii …
  • …   § ——  maculata 5   ——  punctata 10 …
  • …   Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . § …
  • … curassavica. 4.  Canna Warszewiczii. 5.  ‘speciosa’ deleted in pencil. 6.  This …
  • … 1863a, p. 10. See also letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] and n. 19. 9. …
  • … aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in ink. 13.  ‘—— pictus 8 …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of …
  • … & occasional selection has been the main agent in making 5  our domestic races. But, however, …
  • … any way useful to it, during any part of its life. (5)   Multiform difficulties will occur to …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … able to throw off thick dictionaries by flexing. On 5 April , Edward Blyth, who had supplied …
  • … 3 June 1868 ). ‘It was very kind’, Darwin wrote on 5 June , ‘almost heroic, in you to sacrifice …
  • … distributed it in Japan ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 5 September 1868 ); Edward Wilson, a neighbour …
  • … Molendo and Alexander Walther addressed themselves on 5 August to ‘the Reformator of Natural …
  • … had sent four letters the previous year, wrote again on 5 October , ‘I am quite distressed that …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (e.g. to Lydia Becker, 2 August 1863 ; to Mary Treat, 5 January 1872 ). Click on the …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … your work will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty …
  • … resulted in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American …
  • … might come into play in some circumstances. In a letter of 5 May [1867] , Darwin admitted, …
  • … would subdue; that is yours’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin complied, and his …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now two-and-a …
  • … 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 12 OCTOBER 1849 …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … de Gembloux 1839]. Said to be good by D r  L. Lindsay 5 [DAR *119: 1v.] 6 …
  • … p. 290 “Thacker” [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. …
  • … The Philosoph. of Instinct & Reason by S. Bushnan. Longman. 5 s  [Bushnan 1837]—dedicated to L …
  • … Traite Elementair  Palæontologie M. Pictet [Pictet 1844–5]— Forbes?? Waterhouse has it— 1844— read …
  • … cloth lettered, (pub. at 6 s  per vol.) reduced to 5 s  1834–43 1. Humming Birds, Vol. 1 …
  • … Gardener’s and Florist’s Dictionary, 2 vols. 8vo. 1724. 5 s . 42  [P. Miller 1724] Life …
  • … 1769] Zoolog. Journal [ Zoological Journal ] 5 Vols. Voyage de la Coquille [Duperrey …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … not just, even, within biology. 5. Does historical accuracy about Darwin …
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