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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Camilla Ludwig   21 February [1862 or later]


Asks her to translate passage of letter about treatment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Camilla Frederike Antonie (Camilla) Ludwig; Camilla Frederike Antonie (Camilla) Pattrick
Date:  21 Feb [1862 or later]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.620)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13825

From Daniel Oliver   [4–8 February 1862]



Cites descriptions of melastomads in C. V. Naudin, Annales des Sciences Naturelles 3d ser., vols. 12–18.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 205.8 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2916

From James Bateman   [1 February 1862]


Glad CD approves of the orchids he sent.

Believes the pollinia of Mormodes are projected; thinks CD should look at the pollinia of Chysis and investigate the hybrid between Limatodes and Calanthe.

Author:  James Bateman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 160.1: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3356

From John Lubbock   7 [February] 1862


Sir George Clerk to be new President of the Zoological Society.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 [Feb] 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170.1: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3378

To J. D. Hooker   [before 15 February 1862]


Asks for the address of C. W. Crocker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [before 15 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 7 r.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3428

From J. D. Hooker   [before 15 February 1862]


Sends C. W. Crocker’s address.

Doubts CWC can help with Mormodes.

Will see CD at Lubbock’s.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 15 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 7 v.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3429

To C. C. Babington   1 February [1862]


Thanks for seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Cardale Babington
Date:  1 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  CUL (Add 8182)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3432

From J. E. Gray   1 February 1862


Agrees with CD’s estimate of the man [unidentified]. Hopes CD will use his influence with Lubbock to try to prevent the Council’s placing him at the head of the Zoological Society.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 206
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3433

From J. D. Hooker   [8 February 1862]



Sends dried specimens of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3434

From Henry Holland   [1 or 8 February 1862]


Suggests a change in the postscript [referred to in 3423].

Author:  Henry Holland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 or 8] Feb 1862
Classmark:  DAR 166.2: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3435

To T. H. Huxley   2 February [1862]


Returns a letter, which, when it is published, he believes will make readers take up THH’s lectures in a more impartial spirit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  2 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3436

To George Bentham   3 February [1862]


Asks GB’s help to clear up discrepancies between his and John Lindley’s observations on pollination of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  3 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham letters: 694–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3437

To T. H. Huxley   6 February [1862]


Returns "The Week" [unidentified].

Agrees with THH’s published letter that writer is a man of excellent spirit, but doubts he is a good logician.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  6 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3438

To Charles Kingsley   6 February [1862]


Comments on CK’s letter [3426].

Identifies species of pigeon shot by party.

On CK’s "grand and awful" notion of genealogy of man, CD recalls how revolting was the thought that his ancestors must have been like the Fuegians. His present belief that they were hairy beasts is less revolting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Kingsley
Date:  6 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection), 19th Century rare Book and Photograph Shop (dealer) (March 2014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3439

To J. D. Hooker   9 February [1862]



Thanks JDH for box of melastomes

and a very valuable reference from Daniel Oliver.

Is crossing Monochaetum which he thinks is dimorphic.

Is "sometimes half tempted to give up species & stick to experiments".

Pollen of Bletia hyacinthina is quite unlike other Bletia species but exactly the same as Epipactis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3440

From Charles Augustus Bennet, Lord Tankerville   [9 February 1862]



Describes battles among bulls for leadership of the [Chillingham] herd.

Author:  Charles Augustus Bennet, 6th earl of Tankerville
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 83: 157–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3441

To John Murray   9 [February 1862]


Sends MS of Orchids except last chapter. It contains many new and curious facts and conclusions, but he has no idea whether it will sell. If it does not, will hold himself largely responsible.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 [Feb 1862]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 114–115)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3442

From Maurice Alberts   10 February 1862


Has received diploma from the University of Breslau [honorary doctorate in medicine and surgery]. Should he forward it or will CD pick it up in London? [See 3226a and 3446.]

Author:  Maurice Alberts
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb 1862
Classmark:  With DAR 229 and 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3442A

To Ludwig Rütimeyer   11 February [1862]


Chillingham cattle leg bones will be sent to LR.

J. E. Gray has read a paper on unusual Japanese domesticated pig at the Zoological Garden ["On the skull of the Japanese pig", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1862): 13–17].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer
Date:  11 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Universitätsbibliothek Basel, Handschriften (G IV 91, 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3443

From W. E. Darwin   12 February [1862]


Discusses his new microscope.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3443F
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in keywords
162 Items
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Darwin The Collector


Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin


Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin’s reading notebooks


In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Stoke’s Library 1 Cambridge. Library 2 Royal Coll of Surgeons [DAR *119 …
  • … de l’Homme,” by Dr. Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4   …
  • … 1829]; read Letter to M. Therry [Broughton 1832]— a 2 d  Edit preparing in 1841.— Lesson …
  • … of habits of birds. Temminck Manuel D’ornithologie. 2 d  Edit: Introduction on migration of …
  • … Ker Porter’s Travels in Caucasus [R. K. Porter 1821–2] praised by Silliman poor Cyclop. of …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick


Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Darwin, how did language begin? 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And …
  • … sense, a more developed moral sense, and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? …

Darwin And Evolution


What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage


Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments


The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to me. So the world goes.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 February [1865] ). However, Hooker, at the …
  • … idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not until 25 …
  • … abstract of the paper was read before the Linnean Society on 2 February, and in April Darwin wrote …
  • … 1867), and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott …
  • … and professional seniority ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ); but Darwin’s feelings …
  • … in healing this ugly breach’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ), Darwin seems to have …
  • … of weather-forecasting ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and nn. 2 and 5), and he may …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep


In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … in plants , pp. 112–13). He explained to Francis on 2 July : ‘I go on maundering about the …
  • … tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘& work by myself will be …
  • … [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clockwork …
  • … animal instinct and intelligence. ‘Frank’s son, nearly 2 years old (& we think much of his …
  • … more expertly. ‘I conclude that a child—just under 2 years is inferior in intellect to a monkey.’ …
  • … & a baby in your house!’ ( letter to G. J. Romanes, 2 September [1878] ). More …
  • … seems to me quite ridiculous’ ( letter to John Price, 2 April [1878] ). When a wealthy businessman …
  • … was ‘deeply gratified’, remarking to Skertchly on 2 March : ‘It is the greatest possible …
  • … that such checks had been in action during the last 2 or 3 centuries, or even for a shorter time in …

Interview with Pietro Corsi


Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … surrounding evolutionary theories. 2. The situation in France …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke


John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Paul. It’s a very great pleasure. 2. Victorian spiritualism and the …

Interview with Randal Keynes


Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … which came to my mind as I read his book. 2. Darwin's influences …

Interview with Emily Ballou


Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … some of these poems today, and? 2. The idea of writing about Darwin …

Interview with Tim Lewens


Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you for the flattering introduction. 2. The unusual role Darwin plays today …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions


Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Language: key letters


How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] If the descent of languages was …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource


I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … arose.   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute


In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sites in both France and Germany (K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 336). In April 1860, Lubbock travelled …
  • … of errata’ that he may have seen, and then mentioned: 2 have struck out Galton …
  • … what he thought of the affair ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ). Hooker, for his part, …

Books on the Beagle


‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the  Narrative  (2: 18). CD, in his letter to Henslow, 9 …
  • … in notes made during 1833 cite secondary sources (DAR 33: 254 and DAR 30.2: 112) but several later …
  • … during the summer of 1836 (Sulloway 1982b, pp. 331–2, n. 13). Finally, there are two works that CD …
  • … de Voisins, Jean Franc~ois d’.  Traité de géognosie . 2 vols. Strasbourg, 1819. (Inscription in …
  • … 1835). * Boitard, Pierre.  Manuel d’entomologie. 2 vols. Paris, 1828. (Inscription in vol. 2
  • … Forster. London, 1772. ( Voyage ,  p. 178; DAR 34.2: 153). §  British Association for …
  • … des Sciences Naturelles   28 (1833): 26–35. (DAR 35.2: 396). ‘Philosophical tracts’, Darwin …
  • … With Notes . . . by Robert Jameson.  London, 1813. (DAR 30.2: 154). Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … John.  Travels in the interior of Southern Africa . 2 vols. London, 1822–4. ( Voyage , p. 182;  …
  • … Blonde to the Sandwich Islands,   in the years 1824–25 . London, 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart …

German poems presented to Darwin


Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … unaufhörlich ringen; Manch’ ein Eppur si muove! 2 klang Den dichten Nebel zu …
  • … shall be in eternal strife; Many an Eppur si muove! 2 was uttered To pierce the heavy …
  • … poet Ludovico Ariosto, first published in 1516. 2. Eppur si muove!: And yet it moves! …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters


On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to help him with his research (e.g. to Lydia Becker, 2 August 1863 ; to Mary Treat, 5 January …
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