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To ?   8 December [1861–8]


Thanks for information on inheritance of mental peculiarities in cats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 Dec [1861-8]
Classmark:  Dr Jeremy J. C. Mallinson (private collection); sold at Sotheby’s (dealers), 11 December 2017, lot 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13770J

To John Crawfurd   25 March [1861]


Asks for information about JC’s essay, "On the relation of the domesticated animals to civilisation" [read at BAAS meeting 1859].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Crawfurd
Date:  25 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (8 December 1999)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13786

To Thomas Campbell Eyton   12 [May 1861 – April 1863]


Thanks TCE for telling him of his crossed pigs. When they are grown, he would like to know whether they resemble each other.

Doubts the half-bred Gallus sonnerati will be productive, though he was assured many years ago that such a fertile half-breed once occurred.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  12 [May 1861 - Apr 1863]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13804

To Charles Lovegrove   9 July [1861?]


Regrets he does not have pedigree of CL’s "pretty pony", but assures him information was very useful, "more especially as it confirms what I heard from Norway & did not know whether fully to believe".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lovegrove
Date:  9 July [1861?]
Classmark:  Barton L. Smith
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13823

From H. C. Watson   [after 24 July 1861]



Gives CD an instance of facts that can be read either way as to whether a plant (Veronica humifusa) is a species or a variety.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 24 July 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13853

To W. E. Darwin   [1861–82]


Last page of a letter with a five-line P.S. concerning pen-holders.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [1861–82]
Classmark:  Famous Notables (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13864F

To ?   20 June [1861–8]


Sends a copy of the paper [with A. R. Wallace, "On the tendency of species to form varieties" (1858), Collected papers 2: 3–19] about which his correspondent asked; CD’s parts were written years ago and not intended for publication; he gave permission for publication of the extracts. Wallace’s paper seems to him excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  20 June [1861-8]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13879

To ?   24 August [1861–8]


Thanks correspondent for a remarkable instance of inheritance [not specified].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Aug [1861-8]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13880

To ?   25 November [1861–8]


Has read correspondent’s notice on bent cleavage. Refers him to observations on the same fact in South America, p. 160. CD has also suggested a conjectural explanation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  25 Nov [1861-8]
Classmark:  Royal Institution of Great Britain (RI MS F/1/M)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13881

To ?   31 December [1861–8]


"As I have never especially attended to Conchology I am sorry to say I cannot tell you the name of the enclosed shell which I now return–"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 Dec [1861-8]
Classmark:  J. David Archibald (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13881A

To Hewett Cottrell Watson   [17 July 1861]



Difficulty of distinguishing varieties and species. Did HCW suggest a printed list that might help?

Polymorphic genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Date:  [17 July 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1616

To William Erasmus Darwin   17 February [1861]


Sends cheque.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  17 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  Duke University, Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Sir Anthony Musgrave Papers (RL.11684): Lady Jeanie Lucinda Musgrave (Field) Scrapbook)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2415

To Frederick Temple   [c. 28 February 1861]


Regret that the Archbishop of Canterbury and other English Bishops have severely censured Essays and Reviews [1860]. Believe "such enquiries conducted in a spirit so earnest and reverential … must tend to elicit truth, and to foster a spirit of sound religion". [Signed by CD, numerous men of science, and others.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Temple
Date:  [c. 28 Feb 1861]
Classmark:  H. G. Hutchinson 1914, 1: 57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2628

To Daniel Oliver   22 January [1861]


Thanks for mentioning J. G. Kurr on nectaries [Untersuchungen über die Bedeutung der Nektarien in den Blumen (1833)]. Requests observations on flowers with curved pistils. Finds they curve toward nectary, thus lying in path of insect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  22 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 5 (EH 88205989)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2661

To Oswald Heer?   20 April [1861?]


Thanks for correspondent’s Untersuchungen [? Über das Klima und die Vegetationsverhältnisse des Tertiärlandes (1860)]. CD has always considered subject interesting and important.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Oswald Heer
Date:  20 Apr [1861?]
Classmark:  Catherine Barnes (dealer) (2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2765

From Henry Fawcett   16 July [1861]


Elaborates on his article ["A popular exposition of Mr Darwin on the origin of species", Macmillan’s Mag. 3 (1860): 81–92]. Was anxious to point out that CD’s method of investigation is philosophically correct. Asks permission to call.

Author:  Henry Fawcett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 29–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2868

To John Lubbock   [before 5 February 1861]


Comments on JL’s paper ["Notes on the generative organs, and on the formation of the egg in the Annulosa", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 11 (1860–2): 117–24].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [before 5 Feb 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 40c (EH 88206451)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3038

From Daniel Oliver   [before 8 November 1861]



List of references on orchid structure and fertilisation.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 8 Nov 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 225–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3039

To Williams & Norgate   [1861]


Requests Natural History Review for 1861 until further notice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  [1861]
Classmark:  Uppsala University Library: Manuscripts and Music (Waller Ms alb-67:134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3040F

To Thomas Henry Huxley   3 January [1861]


Congratulates THH on first number of Natural History Review.

THH’s article on brain ["On the zoological relations of man with the lower animals", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1861): 67–84] completely smashes Owen.

Owen’s Leeds address [Rep. BAAS (1858): xlix–cx].

In his historical sketch of opinion on species CD has picked out some sentences [by Owen] with which he will take some revenge. CD is not bold enough to come to an open quarrel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 155, 372–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3041
Document type
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12 (26)
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