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To Charles Lyell   1 October [1861]

Summary

The flint tools found at Bedford.

Further discussion of Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy by a glacial lake. Comments on formation of Glen Spean terraces. Mentions glaciers in North Wales.

Agreement with John Murray to publish [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.266)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3272

To A. G. More   1 October [1861]

Summary

Discusses seed capsules [of Epipactis palustris?].

Sorry AGM is in bad health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Goodman More
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Irish Academy (A. G. More papers RIA MS 4 B 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3273

To H. W. Bates   2 October 1861

Summary

Thanks HWB for information on Volucella, although he does not know when he will use it.

Is glad HWB is beginning his book.

CD is beginning work on his orchid book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  2 Oct 1861
Classmark:  DAR 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3274

To John Murray   3 October [1861]

Summary

Would JM object to size of Orchids being same as W. N. Hutchinson, Dog breeding [1850]? Prefers little book, not to look pretentious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 110–111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3275

To J. D. Hooker   4 October [1861]

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Summary

Query on orchid homology.

Critical of F. A. Bauer on orchids [Illustrations of orchidaceous plants (1830–8)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 115, DAR 115: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3276

To John Murray   5 October [1861]

Summary

Likes the idea of matching Orchids with Origin. Begs for large print and spacing so that the book will not look "ridiculously small".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  5 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  Private collection
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3276A

To J. D. Hooker   6–7 October [1861]

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Summary

Orchid anatomy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6-7 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3277

To John Gould   6 October [1861]

Summary

Thanks for JG’s book [An introduction to the Trochilidae, or family of humming-birds (1861)], which he has read carefully. Hopes someday to use the information on the close alliance of species in large genera.

CD repudiates hybridity of birds in nature.

Intends to extract the cases of "races" or doubtful species. They show that "determination of species is not a simple affair".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Gould
Date:  6 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (Add 4251/330)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3278

To Daniel Oliver   8 October [1861]

Summary

Asks DO to look for nectar in Stanhopea saccata labellum. CD’s theory predicts nectar should be present, but afraid there is none.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  8 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 31 (EH 88206014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3279

From Daniel Oliver   [after 8 October 1861]

Summary

Finds no trace of nectar in Stanhopea saccata.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 8 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3280

From Thomas White Woodbury   [9–22 October 1861]

Summary

Fancies articles on "The queen bee" and "Drone influence" [J. Hortic. 8 October 1861, p. 39] may be of interest. Since writing the latter, one of his drones hybridised a queen at a distance of a mile and a half.

Author:  Thomas White Woodbury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9–22 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  Pinned to CD’s unbound copy of Journal of Horticulture, 8 October 1861, p. 38 (Darwin Library–CUL)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3280F

To J. D. Hooker   11 October [1861]

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Summary

Orchid anatomy: movement in Mormodes column.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3281

From Asa Gray   11 October 1861

Summary

Notes several cases of "dioecio-dimorphism" in different genera; feels the discovery of pollen that will act only on the pistil of another flower is most important. Believes CD should next turn his attention to investigating cases of "precocious fertilisation".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1861
Classmark:  DAR 109: 82–3, DAR 110 (ser. 2): 117, DAR 111: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3282

To Asa Gray   [after 11 October 1861]

Summary

Thanks AG for notes on hollies.

Replies to an argument for design. Feels it monstrous to consider orchids created as they are now seen, since every part reveals modification on modification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [after 11 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3283

To W. E. Darwin   12 October [1861]

Summary

Asks whether WED has signed the articles of partnership in the bank.

Has been working at orchid drawings with G. B. Sowerby, Jr.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  12 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3284

To J. D. Hooker   13 October [1861]

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Summary

Orchid anatomy. Catasetum exemplifies slight modification of structure leading to new structure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3285

To John Rogers   14 October [1861]

Summary

Would like to quote JR on the trigger mechanism of Catasetum in Orchids

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Rogers
Date:  14 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  Rogers family (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3285F

To J. D. Hooker   15 [October 1861]

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Summary

Orchid anatomy. Wind as agent of self-fertilisation in orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [Oct 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3286

To W. E. Darwin   17 [October 1861]

Summary

Discusses business matters relating to WED and the bank.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  17 [Oct 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3287

To J. D. Hooker   18 October [1861]

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Summary

Orchid anatomy. Movements of labellum.

Repeating Gärtner’s experiment with Verbascum varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3288
Document type
letter[X]
Date
1861
10
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