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To Robert Hutton   [1847 – 12 November 1848]

Summary

Tells RH that he has secured an introduction to Lady Emily Finc[-Hatton] through a friend of his father’s. Thanks RH for his efforts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Hutton
Date:  [1847 – 12 Nov 1848]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1040

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [20? August 1847]

Summary

Discusses the buying and selling of certain railway shares.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [20? Aug 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1042

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [22 June – 13 August 1847]

Summary

Wants JW’s permission to carry out certain investments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [22 June – 13 Aug 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1043

To Richard Owen   [1847?]

Summary

Asks to meet RO to get his opinion on zoological points.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [1847?]
Classmark:  Yale University Medical Historical Library, Harvey Cushing / John Hay Whitney Medical Library (MMS)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1044

DCP-LETT-1046

Summary

Cancelled: same as 1109. Will send carrier to collect the books [volumes of Trans Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India].

Author:  John Forbes Royle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [early 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 399
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1046

To J. F. Royle   [16 April – 21 May 1847]

Summary

CD understands that JFR cannot lend him the volumes [of Trans. Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India] at present. Thanks for offer to inform him of other works on the breeds of animals in India.

CD fears his belonging to the new club [Philosophical Club of the Royal Society] would be useless, since he is seldom able to dine out.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Forbes Royle
Date:  [16 Apr – 21 May 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 400
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1047

To Leonard Horner   [January 1847]

Summary

Responds to LH’s comments on South America.

Discusses inclination of lava stream.

Sketches in second edition of Journal of researches more accurate than in first.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Horner
Date:  [Jan 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1048

DCP-LETT-1049

Summary

Cancelled: same as 1083. Discusses manuscript by DS on slaty cleavage. Thinks of cleavage analogous to his own explanation of laminated lava.

Author:  Daniel Sharpe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 473
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1049

To William Benjamin Carpenter   [January? 1847]

Summary

Arranges to meet with WBC to get his advice about buying a microscope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  [Jan? 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.55)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1050

To J. L. Stokes   2 January [1847]

Summary

Thanks for sending his "magnificent book" [Discoveries in Australia (1846)].

Asks JLS to visit Down on "Saturday the 16th" and Sunday. He has also invited Forbes, Falconer, Hooker and Waterhouse. [See 1036.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lort Stokes
Date:  2 Jan [1847]
Classmark:  University of Akron (Herman Muehlstein Rare Book Collection: tipped into a copy of Origin 1st ed. (QH365 .O2 1859))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1050A

To Charles Lyell   [23 January 1847]

Summary

Asks CL to address a letter to Charles Maclaren.

Discusses recent publication by David Milne on erratic boulders [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1847): 154–172].

Views of Bernhard Studer on foliation of gneiss in the Alps. Asks CL to tell Leonard Horner of Studer’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [23 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1051

To Daniel Sharpe   [19 January 1847]

Summary

Comments on letter by Bernhard Studer ["Remarks on the geological relations of the gneiss of the Alps", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1846–7): 186] and on article by DS ["On slaty cleavage", J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1847): 74–105]. Discusses geological cleavage and foliation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Sharpe
Date:  [19 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 42240: 21–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1052

To Charles Lyell   [on or before 20 January 1847]

Summary

Quotes from South America [p. 167] on the foliation of metamorphic rocks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [on or before 20 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1053

To Bernhard Studer   20 January [1847]

Summary

Much interested in BS’s letter on gneiss ["Remarks on the geological relations of the gneiss of the Alps", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1847): 186–7].

Sends copy of South America.

Has shown that lamination of metamorphic schists closely allied with cleavage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bernhard Studer
Date:  20 Jan [1847]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1054

To Leonard Jenyns   21 [January 1847]

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of [The naturalist’s pocket] almanack edited by LJ. Suggests some improvements.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  21 [Jan 1847]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1055

To Charles Lyell   [24 January 1847]

Summary

Comments on investigation of coral reefs by A. A. Gould, particularly the reefs around Tahiti. Mentions description of reefs of Tahiti by W. Forbes.

Hooker’s view of work by C. J. F. Bunbury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [24 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1056

To J. D. Hooker   [17 February 1847]

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Summary

Asks JDH not to think of looking at his species sketch until he has leisure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Feb 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1057

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   8 [February 1847]

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Summary

Cirripede observations.

Would like to hear what JDH has to say about his species sketch.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 [Feb 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1058

To Ernst Dieffenbach   9 February [1847]

Summary

On the results of Robert Bunsen’s journey to Iceland, which he compares in detail with his own research.

"I have for the present given up Geology, & am hard at work at pure Zoology & am dissecting various genera of cirripedes, & am extremely interested in the subject." "I always, however, keep on reading & observing on my favourite work on Variation or on Species, & shall in a year’s time or so, commence & get my notes in order."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  9 Feb [1847]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealer) (catalogue 574 11–13 November 1965)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1059

To Charles Nichols, Geological Society   10 February [1847]

Summary

Encloses 12s for the year.

Anxious for February number of the Journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Nichols; Geological Society
Date:  10 Feb [1847]
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/L/R/10/36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1060
Document type
letter (109)
Date
1847
01 (15)
02 (9)
03 (13)
04 (7)
05 (10)
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Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [4 September 1843] To Charles Lyell, 8 [September 1847] To Robert Chambers, 11 …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … in the level of land came under renewed scrutiny. In 1847 David Milne, the Scottish geologist, …
  • … remains ( letter to the  Scotsman , [after 20 September 1847] ). Other letters to colleagues at …
  • … thrown away’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 8 [September 1847] ). The second geological theory …
  • … uniqueness fully. Sometime before the end of December 1847, John Edward Gray, keeper of the …
  • … severe problem for Darwin during this period, especially in 1847 and during the last half of 1848 …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … after Darwin’s return to England, since a letter of 1847 refers to information sent through Mr …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … of Anat.— Instinct by D r . Alison [W. P. Alison 1847]. No 19. July. 1840 27 Annales des …
  • … . Hooker. read Fortune’s Travels in China [Fortune 1847] read Lettres philosop. sur l …
  • … Travels in Peru (translated) [J. J. von Tschudi 1847] Gardners Travels in Brazil [Gardner …
  • … [North 1826]. (Erasmus) read Hebrew Monarchy [Newman] 1847] Berniers …
  • … 1843]. (Emma) (read) M rs  Fry’s Life [Fry 1847] Horace Walpoles letter to C t . …
  • …  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. Coll. of Surgeons) …
  • … to publish one. 45 Gosse. Birds of Jamaica [Gosse 1847], recommended by Yarrel …
  • … Society of Edinburgh ] Youatt on Pig [Youatt 1847]. Westminster Rev. Oct. 49. Article …
  • … [DAR *119: 23] Prescotts Peru [W. H. Prescott 1847] Sleemans Travels to Khiva. 47 …
  • … 1841] Edwardes. Voyage up Amazon [W. H. Edwards 1847].— Cunningham Life of Wilkie …
  • … Edwards Voyage up Amazon [W. H. Edwards 1847] } Home Library L …
  • … [Metzger 1841] Alison on Instinct [W. P. Alison 1847]. 79  Art. Generation [A. Thompson …
  • … 1846], skimmed. miserable [DAR 119: 18a] 1847. Jan 14 th  Mem: du Museum …
  • … 8 th  Tschudis Travels in Peru [J. J. von Tschudi 1847] 15. Skimmed 7 th  Edit of Lyell’s …
  • … 7 published end 1838.— [DAR 119: 18b] 1847 Jan 13 th  Life of Tcholtzee …
  • … —— 30 Von Ensigen’s Memoirs [Varnhagen von Ense 1847] Col. Lib Aug. 25. North’s lives of L. …
  • … Sismondi. Polit. Econ. Essay translated [Simonde de Sismondi 1847], poor Nov. 1. Goethe …
  • … —— 28 th  Sir J. Barrow autobiography [Barrow 1847].— poor [DAR 119: 19a] 1847. …
  • … Spratt & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … 9 th  H. C. Watson. Cybele Britannica [H. C. Watson 1847–59].— —— 13 th  Phytologist [ …
  • … 1824] —— Fortune Wanderings in China [Fortune 1847] Aug 6 th  Lettres Philosop. sur …
  • … Aug 16. Vestiges of Creation VI th  Edit. [Chambers 1847] —— Report of Brit. Assoc. [ …
  • … th . Report. Zoolog. 1843. 1844. Ray Soc. [Ray Society 1847] Physio-philosophy. Oken [Oken 1847]. …
  • … 6. H. Miller First Impressions of England [H. Miller 1847]. Nov. 10 Prichard Physical Researches. …
  • … Treatise [Roget 1834] 9 th  Jukes Voyage [Jukes 1847]. Vol. I & II. W. F. Edwards Des …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1113 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [2 September 1847] Darwin questions Mrs. …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1113 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [2 September 1847] Darwin questions Mrs. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1140 —Darwin to J. C. Ross, 31 Dec 1847 Darwin writes to James Clark Ross, officer …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 1113 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [2 September 1847] Darwin questions Mrs. …
  • … 1113   - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [2 September 1847] Darwin asks Mrs. Whitby to …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1140 — Darwin, C. R. to Ross, J. C., 31 Dec 1847 Darwin asks Ross to collect …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … shell of Concholepas , a Chilean abalone. By February, 1847, Darwin had expanded his study and …
  • … work of comparative anatomy, but it was only at the end of 1847 that Darwin decided to undertake a …
  • … Bowerbank, who had founded the Palaeontographical Society in 1847. ‘With respect to publication of …

Elizabeth Darwin born

Summary

Daughter Elizabeth (Bessie) born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Daughter Elizabeth (Bessie) born …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the open. In the event, it was not until the beginning of 1847 that Hooker was given a fair copy of …
  • …  vol. 4, letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 [February 1847]). Darwin can be seen as a cautious strategist, …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July 1847; Francis, born 16 August 1848; Leonard, …
  • … Litchfield papers, CUL). [60] Elizabeth Darwin, born 1847. She was always referred to as …

George Peacock

Summary

George Peacock was born 9 April 1791 in Denton near Darlington in Yorkshire. He was the son of a clergyman, the Rev. Thomas Peacock, curate of Denton for 50 years and school master. George was educated at Sedbergh School, Cumbria and Richmond School in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and the treasures that might be brought home. In 1847, at the age of 56, he married Frances …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on a career as a county court judge in South Wales in 1847. After this they rarely met , but …

Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Club of the Royal Society (having declined to join in 1847). In November of the same year, he was …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … state of disarray in the taxonomy of the group. Late in 1847, John Edward Gray, keeper of the …

Darwin and Design

Summary

At the beginning of the nineteenth century in Britain, religion and the sciences were generally thought to be in harmony. The study of God’s word in the Bible, and of his works in nature, were considered to be part of the same truth. One version of this…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Miller wrote a book entitled Footprints of the creator (1847), arguing that evidence of the biblical …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1980, pp. 60–2, 124–128, Worster 1985, pp. 179–80, 184–7). An appeal It is a …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Trust-deeds of schools applying for public funds after 1847 include ‘management clauses’ formulated …
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