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To Smith, Elder & Co.   13 November [1845]

Summary

Sends corrections and suggestions for an advertisement for Zoology and Geology of "Beagle".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  13 Nov [1845]
Classmark:  Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1023

From J. E. Gray   [1845–75]

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Summary

Lateral teeth in Arcadae.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1845–75]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 216 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13814

To Hugh Falconer   8 March [1845?]

Summary

Has written down what he gathered from HF on Tibetan dogs. Would welcome a few more details at any time, as he knows of nothing parallel to it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  8 Mar [1845?]
Classmark:  Raab Collection (dealer) (2 October 2013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1839

To Hugh Falconer   [1845?–7 or 1857–64]

Summary

Arranges a time for visiting HF.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  1845-7 or 1857-64
Classmark:  DAR 144: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2305

From the principal inhabitants of Down to the secretary of the Post Office   [1845–51?]

Summary

Complain about the postal service to Down and urgently request improvement.

Author:  Down, principal inhabitants of
Addressee:  Secretary, Post Office
Date:  [1845–51?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3359

From Bartholomew James Sulivan   13 January – 12 February 1845

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Summary

Describes stratification of cliffs on south shore of Rio Gallegos; fossils found at base of cliffs. Speculates about geological past of the area. Discusses climate of southern Patagonia; navigation problems at the mouth of Rio Gallegos.

Gives results of soundings taken between Falkland Islands and South American mainland. Describes geology of Falklands, especially the dikes found on many islands. Comments on climate of Falklands. Discusses horses and cattle, health of his children in the Falklands. Mentions volutes found in the Falklands.

Passes on report of FitzRoy’s policies as governor of New Zealand.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan – 12 Feb 1845
Classmark:  DAR 46.1: 75–86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-730

To G. B. Sowerby   [1845?]

Summary

Arranges to call on correspondent and bring some shells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Brettingham Sowerby
Date:  [1845?]
Classmark:  Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Bibliothèque de Botanique, Paris
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-806

From G. R. Waterhouse   [c. June 1845]

Summary

Notes on Galapagos Coleoptera.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. June 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 46.2: B3–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-807

From Woodbine Parish   [1845?]

Summary

Sends names of species found in banks of marine shells near Buenos Aires. Shells identified by G. B. Sowerby (elder). [See South America, pp. 2–3.]

Author:  Woodbine Parish
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1845?]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 56a–57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-808

From Edward Forbes   [after 14 February 1845]

Summary

Sends information on Gryphaea orientalis. [See South America, p. 212.]

Author:  Edward Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 14 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 47–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-809

To Emma Darwin   [7–8 February 1845]

Summary

Mainly news of the three children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [7–8 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-810

To David Thomas Ansted, assistant secretary, Geological Society of London   [c. January 1845]

Summary

Asks about Fuegian specimens stored at the Geological Society. CD needs them soon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Thomas Ansted
Date:  [c. Jan 1845]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Archives (George P. Merrill photograph collection, R. U. 7177)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-811

From W. B. Carpenter   2 January [1845]

Summary

Says tuff collected by CD in Pampas and Chile contains organic remains. Wants to examine specimens further and hopes for Government support in doing so.

Author:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 31–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-813

To J. D. Hooker   [7 January 1845]

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Summary

Sends specimens of a Tertiary sandstone from Tierra del Fuego in which there are leaves; CD thought they were beech. What is JDH’s opinion?

Asks whether JDH can make sense of a note on silicified wood.

Has read Vestiges [of creation (1844)]; "his geology strikes me as bad, & his zoology far worse".

Would like to see lists [of plants] from Society and Sandwich Islands.

Doubts JDH’s information regarding imagination of mother affecting offspring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [7 Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-814

To Charles Hamilton Smith   14 January [1845]

Summary

Has read CHS’s paper, "Original population of America" [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 38 (1844–5): 1–20], and is eager to know reference for the account of a "ruined city in the Caroline Group", indicating that the land has subsided. Refers to his own subsidence hypothesis in his work [Coral reefs].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Date:  14 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-815

From C. H. Smith   22 January 1845

Summary

Reports on an ancient town on Ascension, which is now at sea-level and approachable only by boat.

Author:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1845
Classmark:  DAR 177: 188 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-816

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1845]

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Summary

Would like copy of "Galapagos flora" when published ["Plants of the Galapagos Archipelago", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 (1851): 163–233].

Will keep JDH’s Pacific island notes till his return.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-817

From J. D. Hooker   [22–30 January 1845]

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Summary

Sends comparison of the floras of Society and Sandwich Islands.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22–30 Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 247–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-818

To C. G. Ehrenberg   23 January [1845]

Summary

Would like sketch returned [see 775].

Would be particularly thankful for result of CGE’s observations on earth of Pampas.

Asks that Ernst Dieffenbach return copperplate and woodcuts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  23 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-819

To C. H. Smith   26 January [1845]

Summary

Discusses extract sent by CHS dealing with island of Pouynipéte. Agrees account of island by Lloghtsky [Johann Lhotsky] is suspect.

Comments on view that former migration of animals, plants, and man was by continental extensions now submerged.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Date:  26 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-820
Document type
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20 Items

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Species theory In November 1845, Charles Darwin wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph …
  • …  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the ‘little zoology’ …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845, having already provided corrections in …
  • … vice-presidents in 1844 and remaining on the council from 1845 onwards; he was a conscientious …
  • … attacked the work vehemently in the  Edinburgh Review  (1845), while other colleagues like Edward …
  • … his cousin William Darwin Fox in a letter of [24 April 1845] , he felt he ought to be both …
  • … of his  Journal of researches  for a second edition in 1845. At Lyell’s recommendation, …
  • … the original publisher, to John Murray, and throughout 1845 Darwin worked hard to provide manuscript …
  • … on board the Beagle  back to Tierra del Fuego. By 1845, Darwin was in full command of a …
  • … Distribution’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [10 February 1845] ) and quick to make use of the young …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). Although Darwin did not usually …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … on Instinct [F. G. Cuvier 1822] read Flourens Edit [Flourens 1845] read L. Jenyns paper on …
  • … 1834–9] Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle 1845] (read) Keppells(?) voyage to Borneo …
  • … Exploring Expedition towards the Rocky Mountains [Frémont 1845]. (amusing extracts). perhaps for …
  • … America  by A. Downing Wiley & Putnam. 14 s . [Downing 1845] (Brit. Museum) (read) good …
  • … [DAR *119: 22] Eyeres Travels [E. J. Eyre 1845] very amusing Tschudi’s Travels in …
  • … Campbells Lives of Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] last vol. Ludlows Memoirs …
  • … Murchisons Russia [Murchison, Verneuil, and Keyserling 1845] (read) Agassiz’s Works …
  • … Wilkes Expedition.  £ 3. 3 s  [Wilkes 1845] order at L. Library. read Botanical Soc. of …
  • … Soc. of Neuchatel on Jura. 1846, or 7, or 8 [?Marcou 1845]. 46   Morris  good for me.— …
  • … 1853] Vol. V of Campbells Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays …
  • … [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1832–7] Wilkes [Wilkes 1845]. Voyage Vol I. to V Apr …
  • … May. Blanco White. Auto-biography [Blanco y Crespo 1845].— 24 Improvisatore [Andersen 1845] …
  • … Aug. 5 th  Lyells Travels in N. America [Lyell 1845] Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. …
  • … Dec. 10 Ray. Society. Vol I. Reports [Ray Society 1845].— 20 D r  Badham insect Life …
  • … Feb 6 Explanations by Author of Vestiges [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 …
  • … [Twamley 1844] —— Whewell on Education [Whewell 1845–52]. Dec: 26. Watson History of …
  • … [Heber 1828] —— 31 Kitto on Deafness [Kitto 1845] —— the French in Algiers [Lamping …
  • … 1841] April 10 Wagners Anatomy by Tulk [Wagner 1845] (half through) —— 24 Steenstrup …
  • … th  Elie de Beaumont Lecons Geologie [Élie de Beaumont 1845] skimmed. June 17 th . Downing …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 3, letter to Charles Lyell, 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … hundred letters from Darwin, from his first negotiations in 1845 until his final years. Although …
  • … came to discuss a second edition, probably at the end of 1845, Darwin was not happy with Colburn’s …
  • … Colonial Library in three monthly parts (July to September 1845) before being reissued in a single …
  • … you have transacted the business with me’ (27 August [1845] Letter 908 ). Thus began the business …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … character), determined to stay with the Fuegians’ (Darwin 1845, p. 223). When all seemed well the …
  • … just in time to save his life’, Darwin recorded (Darwin 1845, p. 226). Matthews was back on …
  • … death in 1893. References: Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … interest in the problem, and had experienced the 1845 potato blight that destroyed much of the …
  • … vol. 3, letter to J. S. Henslow, 28 October [1845] ). He was aware of Torbitt’s ambitions, having …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … often visit Darwin and say ‘Poor, poor fellow!’ (Darwin 1845, p. 207). When Orundellico …
  • … lamented ‘so complete and grievous a change ’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228). The clean, stout lad was now ‘ …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a penny from Colburn, Darwin had few scruples when, in 1845, at Lyell’s suggestion, he asked whether …
  • … were issued separately between late June and late August 1845, with the slightly amended title …

Second species sketch

Summary

Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842 …

George Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son George Howard Darwin born …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … bears a double interpretation) some days on board’ (Darwin 1845, p. 228 n.).  Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In the course of discussions about species in the autumn of 1845, his close friend Joseph Dalton …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … family had increased by five: George Howard, born 9 July 1845; Elizabeth, born 8 July 1847; Francis, …
  • … her familiar name. [64] George Howard Darwin, born 1845. [65] Joseph Parslow, butler …

Boat Memory

Summary

Boat Memory was one of the indigenous people from Tierra del Fuego brought back to England by Robert FitzRoy in 1830, but he remains as ghostly a figure as his name. What he was called by his own people is unknown, but the name Boat Memory, chosen by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Bartholomew James Sulivan

Summary

On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to his old friend, Charles Darwin, commiserating on shared ill-health, glorying in the achievements of their children, offering to collect plant specimens, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … distinguished. He saw action at the siege of Montevideo in 1845 when British and French naval forces …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  London: Hodder and Stoughton. Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of researches into the natural …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of New Zealand in 1843, but was relieved of this post in 1845 after he worsened (through his support …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In 1980, two …