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From J. G. Malcolmson   2 January 1840

Summary

Discusses CD’s Glen Roy paper; would like to see the theory put beyond dispute. Tells of Mr Stables’ observations on the parallel roads. Discusses geological features of Scotland which he is sure are marine in origin.

Author:  John Grant Malcolmson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1840
Classmark:  DAR 171: 31, Geological Society of London (Membership certificates, 1840)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1147

To [W. A. Leighton]   [1840–77?]

Summary

Valediction only of a letter stuck into a writing case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Allport Leighton
Date:  [1840–77?]
Classmark:  Mr D. Evans (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13770H

To William Walton   [1840–2]

Summary

Comments on the quality of the meat of the guanaco.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walton
Date:  [1840–2]
Classmark:  Walton 1844, pp. 43–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-548A

To William Walton   [1840–2]

Summary

Describes the range of conditions under which the guanaco thrives and the ease with which it can be tamed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walton
Date:  [1840–2]
Classmark:  Walton 1844, pp. 50–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-548B

To John Edward Gray    1 January [1840]

Summary

Testimonial in behalf of JEG’s application for the position of keeper of the zoological department of the British Museum from which John George Children was about to resign.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Edward Gray
Date:  1 Jan [1840]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum, (General Library, J. E. Gray Miscellaneous papers vol. 1: f.118)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-548C

To T. C. Eyton   [6 January 1840]

Summary

Has been unwell.

Thanks TCE for his descriptions [of specimens for Birds]. Has already expended a high proportion of Government grant on birds, but if TCE thinks engravings are needed, he shall have them. He may keep the bones.

CD has become a father.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  [6 Jan 1840]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-549

To Basil Hall   [7 January 1840]

Summary

CD regrets inconvenience caused by his having Royal Geographical Society’s copy of Krusenstern’s Atlas [de l’océan Pacifique (1824–7)]. Locates Sulphur Island from it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Basil Hall
Date:  [7 Jan 1840]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-550

To A. Y. Spearman   16 January 1840

Summary

Presents the Smith, Elder & Co. account for the first number of the fourth part (now published) of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  16 Jan 1840
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-550A

To the Geological Society of London   22 January 1840

Summary

W. B. Clarke’s paper on ashes falling at sea off Cape Verde Islands [Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1839): 145–6] need not be published in Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  22 Jan 1840
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/COM/P/4/2/38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-551

To J. S. Henslow   [24 January 1840]

Summary

Sends specimens from Indian Ocean atolls.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [24 Jan 1840]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-552

To Mr Folthorp of Smith, Elder & Co.   [6 February 1840]

Summary

Sends MS [of Coral reefs?] to be copied.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co; Folthorp, Mr
Date:  [6 Feb 1840]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-553

To Charles Lyell   [19 February 1840]

Summary

Remarks on his illness and treatment.

Discusses MS [of Coral reefs] and changes in his view of coral reefs since Journal of researches. Mentions C. G. Ehrenberg’s observations on coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [19 Feb 1840]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-554

To Robert FitzRoy   [20 February 1840]

Summary

Poor health has made him give up all geological work.

Profits on their volumes [of Narrative] seem absurdly small.

Looks back on Beagle voyage as the most fortunate circumstance in his life.

Finds marriage a great happiness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert FitzRoy
Date:  [20 Feb 1840]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-555

To William C. Redfield   24 February [1840]

Summary

Much interested in WCR’s paper on "Whirlwinds excited by fire" [Am. J. Sci. 36 (1839): 50–9; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 27 (1839): 369–79].

Sends a summary account of circular clouds and waterspouts formed during volcanic eruption in the Azores [S. Tillard, "Eruption of a volcano in sea off St Michael", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (1812): 152–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William C. Redfield
Date:  24 Feb [1840]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinicke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Letters to William C. Redfield vol. 2 Scientific 1831-41 (z117 00151 2) pp. 335–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-556

To Richard Owen   24 [February 1840]

Summary

Asks RO whether he has any MS [of Fossil Mammalia, no. 4] ready and to see that the plates are finished.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  24 [Feb 1840]
Classmark:  Royal College of Surgeons of England (MS Add 408)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-557

To Benjamin Silliman   26 February 1840

Summary

Asks that a letter on tornados be forwarded to W. C. Redfield. Hopes Silliman received a copy of Journal of Researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Silliman, Sr
Date:  26 Feb 1840
Classmark:  Gallery of History (4 December 1996)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-557F

To Leonard Jenyns   [27 February 1840]

Summary

Has been unwell. Publication of two numbers [of Zoology] has been delayed. Thought first Fish number good.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  [27 Feb 1840]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-558

To Basil Hall   15 March 1840

Summary

Discussion of the geology of Coquimbo, Chile.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Basil Hall
Date:  15 Mar 1840
Classmark:  Musée royal de Mariemont, Belgium (Aut. 1061/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-558F

To Richard Owen   [March? 1840]

Summary

Sends a proof title page and asks RO to send a list of plates and contents [of Fossil mammalia] to the printer, Mr Stewart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [Mar? 1840]
Classmark:  Christie’s, New York (dealers) (29 October 1993)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-559F

To David Milne   20 [February 1840]

Summary

About earthquakes: the shock of February 1835 in Chile; possible connection between shocks occurring coincidentally in different parts of the world, and between earthquakes and the weather; DM’s collection of accounts of earthquakes in Scotland.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Milne Home
Date:  20 [Feb 1840]
Classmark:  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Charles E. Mudie Collection, 1816–1897: Correspondence Post-1650 MS 0112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-560
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19 Items

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … 765. in Geograph. Soc?? Review of this in Edin. Phil Jour. 1840. June [Anon. 1840]. Report of …
  • … 26—Account of Domestic &  Foreign  Bees [Jardine ed. 1840]: (Athenæum 1840 p. 195) …
  • … A. Necker 1823] read Lindleys Horticulture [Lindley 1840]— Chapter on Races improvement of …
  • … Admiral Von Wrangel’s Travels [Wrangel 1840].— Sir Ker Porter’s Travels in Caucasus [R. K. …
  • … Instinct by D r . Alison [W. P. Alison 1847]. No 19. July. 1840 27 Annales des Sciences …
  • … 12v.] Bowerbank’s Book on Fossil Fruit [Bowerbank 1840] must be studied Liebigs …
  • … 1834] Royle on Indian Agricult. & Production [Royle 1840] Bennets. Whaling Voyage …
  • … 1833]— Prof. Smyth. French Revolution 3 vols [Smyth 1840] Baber’s Biography. translat. …
  • … II d . death [Hallam 1827] Ranke’s Popes [Ranke 1840].— Southeys life of Wesley …
  • … reproductive system Encyclop of Rural Sports [Blaine 1840] (at Athenæum?) Book II Chapt. 4 on …
  • … 1836].— Paxton Pocket Bot. Dict. 1841 [Paxton 1840]— probably good—every plant cultivated in …
  • … must   study  Whewell on Philosophy of Science [Whewell 1840].— Speculates on Instinct.— …
  • … A. Alison on Population. 2 vols. Feb. 1842 [A. Alison 1840].— Youatt in Vet. says Blaine on …
  • … to be good Papers on Sewalik Fossils in 1842 [Cautley 1840 and Cautley and Falconer 1840] The …
  • … Sheep [Blacklock 1838];  good  quotation in Royle [Royle 1840] Proceedings of Agricult. Soc …
  • … Capt. Parsons quoted by Royle. Prod. Res. p. 170 [Royle 1840] (read) 37 Sweet has …
  • … Parrots [Selby 1836]. 26. Honey Bees [Jardine ed. 1840]. Waterhouse has it??? Jacintes …
  • … [DAR *119: 21v.] Gosse Canadian naturalist [Gosse 1840] in Entomolog. Soc. Duchesne …
  • … Martineau 1821] (read) Letters of L d . Ward? [Ward 1840] [DAR *119: 22v.] …
  • … July 8 th  M.S. Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion …
  • … on the Horse [Youatt 1831] Library of Useful K. 1840 Jan 1 st  Many numbers of …
  • … India [Heyne 1814] d[itt]o [DAR 119: 7a] 1840 D r . Hollands Medical …
  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London ] from 1788 to 1840 —Abstracted— Maer Phil Transact. …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … [May 1838] , and letter to Robert FitzRoy, [20 February 1840] . Darwin’s health diary (Down …
  • … vomiting’ in a letter to W. D. Fox, [7 June 1840] ( Correspondence vol. 2). He suffered from …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Agassiz (see Barrett 1973, Rudwick 1974, and L. Agassiz 1840). In another paper, “On the …
  • … My stomach as usual has been my enemy In 1840 the illness was different. As he wrote to …
  • … life. ‘My stomach’, he wrote to FitzRoy, [20 February 1840] , ‘as usual has been my enemy—but D …
  • … reasonable diagnosis (see Colp 1977). The illness of 1840 appears to have been the …
  • … descendants, twelve letters from Darwin to Kemp in the years 1840 to 1843 have come to light; they …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … gives the first notice that he is going to cry. Feb 27. 1840 When nine weeks & three days …
  • …  vol. 2, letters to T. C. Eyton, [6 January 1840] , and Robert FitzRoy, [20 February 1840] . …
  • … preceding sentence and the following text to ‘Feb 27. 1840’ on page 6 is in Emma Darwin’s hand. …
  • … stayed with CD and Emma Darwin between 21 March and 2 May 1840 (Emma Darwin’s diary). If Emma Darwin …
  • … December, rather than 4, and 28 days, not 29, in February (1840 was a leap year) when calculating …
  • … Darwin’s parents Bessy and Josiah Wedgwood II, on 5 June 1840. They remained in Staffordshire and …
  • … the role of bees in pollination, made in the summers between 1840 and 1842, are in DAR 46.2 and DAR …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 555 - Darwin to FitzRoy, R., [20 February 1840] Darwin discusses the development …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 2, letter from J. S. Henslow, 21 November 1840 ). The sexual relations of barnacles seemed …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Geological Society of London  2nd ser., pt. 3, 5 (1840): 505-9.  [ Shorter publications , …
  • … of the Geological Society of London  2nd ser., pt. 3, 5 (1840): 601-31.  [ Shorter publications , …

Conrad Martens

Summary

Conrad Martens was born in London, the son of an Austrian diplomat. He studied landscape painting under the watercolourist Copley Fielding (1789–1855), who also briefly taught Ruskin. In 1833 he was on board the Hyacinth, headed for India, but en route in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Conrad Martens was born in London, the son of an Austrian diplomat. He studied landscape painting …

Richard Henry Corfield

Summary

Richard Henry Corfield was in his final year at Shrewsbury School when Darwin started there. It’s hard to say how well they knew each other, but fifteen years later Corfield appeared again in Darwin’s life as a surprisingly familiar face on the other side…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … named Mary in Exeter ( BMD : ( Marriage index )). In 1840 there was a notice in the London …

Darwin and Design

Summary

At the beginning of the nineteenth century in Britain, religion and the sciences were generally thought to be in harmony. The study of God’s word in the Bible, and of his works in nature, were considered to be part of the same truth. One version of this…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Creation’. Eight volumes were produced between 1833 and 1840 by leading authorities in moral …

Earthworms

Summary

As with many of Darwin’s research topics, his interest in worms spanned nearly his entire working life. Some of his earliest correspondence about earthworms was written and received in the 1830s, shortly after his return from his Beagle voyage, and his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … SOURCES Papers Darwin, C.R. 1840. On the formation of mould. Transactions of the …

Richard Matthews

Summary

Richard Matthews was 21 years old when he stepped aboard the Beagle, destined for a lonely career as a missionary in Tierra del Fuego. The Church Missionary Society had arranged for him to accompany the three Fuegians (Fuegia Basket, Jemmy Button, and York…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … relationship between the missionaries and the Maoris. In 1840, the Church Missionary Society asked …

Leonard Jenyns

Summary

When Darwin returned from the Beagle voyage there was no-one available to describe the fish that he had collected. At Darwin’s request Jenyns, a friend from Cambridge days, took on the challenge. It was not an easy one: at that time Jenyns had only worked…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of the Zoology of the Voyage of the Beagle published between 1840 and 1842. The manuscript version …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘ fiddler & boy to Poop …

Bartholomew James Sulivan

Summary

On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to his old friend, Charles Darwin, commiserating on shared ill-health, glorying in the achievements of their children, offering to collect plant specimens, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On Christmas Day 1866, Bartholomew Sulivan sat down to write a typically long and chatty letter to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … had once been much more widespread across Europe.  In 1840 he toured locations in Britain with many …
  • … September [1838] To William Buckland, [November 1840-17 February 1841] To …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Taylor Fish in order to confirm the view expressed in his 1840 paper ‘Formation of mould’ of the …