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From C. D. Douglas   5 January 1836

Summary

Reports in detail on the 20 Feb 1835 earthquake and on volcanic activity into December of 1835. Encloses a letter sent to him describing the earthquake.

Author:  Charles D. Douglas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan 1836
Classmark:  DAR 39.1: 5–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-292

To Philip Parker King   [21 January 1836]

Summary

CD informs PPK of his impending arrival at Dunheved, Penrith; news of his journey thus far.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Phillip Parker King
Date:  [21 Jan 1836]
Classmark:  Bathurst District Historical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-293

To Susan Darwin   28 January 1836

Summary

CD’s impressions of Sydney and of FitzRoy’s character and temperament.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-294

To J. S. Henslow   [28–9] January 1836

Summary

His joy at prospect of journey’s end in eight months’ time.

Observations on Australia.

Reports on his collecting in Galapagos – its flora and very curious birds; its instructive geology.

Tahiti and good work of missionaries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [28–9] Jan 1836
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-295

From Catherine Darwin   29 January 1836

Summary

They have been reading about the wreck of the Challenger; much impressed by Capt. FitzRoy’s bravery.

The W. D. Foxes have a daughter. Family news.

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1836
Classmark:  DAR 97 (ser. 2): 28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-296

From Susan Darwin   12 February 1836

Summary

CD’s 27th birthday. News of family and friends. A niece, Mary Susan Parker, born 31 January.

Author:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1836
Classmark:  DAR 97(ser. 2): 30–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-297

To Catherine Darwin   14 February 1836

Summary

All prefer Hobart Town and its society to Sydney. CD’s view on emigration to colonies. All on board are homesick.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Date:  14 Feb 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-298

To W. D. Fox   15 February 1836

Summary

Finds the voyage tedious at present.

Expects that the different scientific societies will be of the greatest use to his work in London when he returns home.

Gives some impressions of Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  15 Feb 1836
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 48)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-299

From Caroline Darwin   28 March 1836

Summary

News of friends and family.

Author:  Caroline Sarah Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1836
Classmark:  DAR 97 (ser. 2): 32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-300

To Caroline Darwin   29 April 1836

Summary

Keeling Islands, his first coral lagoons; he has been occupied with subject of coral formation for six months.

Very busy at sea rewriting old geological notes. Has difficulties with writing.

FitzRoy has proposed joint account of the journey, combining CD’s journal with his own.

Looks forward with anxiety to Henslow’s reaction to the geological notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-301

To Catherine Darwin   3 June 1836

Summary

Will call on Sir J. Herschel, then take short trip in the African desert.

Horrified at the publication of "the little book of extracts" from his letters to Henslow ["Letters to Professor Henslow" (1835), Collected papers 1: 3–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Date:  3 June 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-302

To South African Christian Recorder   28 June 1836

Summary

A defence of the work of missionaries in the Pacific islands and Australia. [The letter was apparently written by RF with supporting evidence quoted from CD’s journal. The letter is signed by RF alone. A summary conclusion, as printed, is signed by both:] "On the whole, balancing all that we have heard, and all that we ourselves have seen concerning the missionaries in the Pacific, we are very much satisfied that they thoroughly deserve the warmest support, not only of individuals, but of the British Government."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  South African Christian Recorder
Date:  28 June 1836
Classmark:  South African Christian Recorder 2(1836): 238 Reprint in Darwin Library—CUL: ‘Philosophical tracts’
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-303

To J. S. Henslow   9 July 1836

Summary

Asks JSH to propose him for Geological Society. His meeting with Sir John Herschel and Andrew Smith at Cape of Good Hope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  9 July 1836
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-304

To Caroline Darwin   18 July 1836

Summary

In five days of geologising on St Helena, he found that the shells on high land had been mistakenly identified as seashells. They are land shells, but of species no longer living.

Can think of nothing but the return to England and his family.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah Darwin
Date:  18 July 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-305

To Susan Darwin   4 August [1836]

Summary

Beagle is again in Brazil because of need to check on "singular disagreements in the Longitudes".

Pleased by Sedgwick’s praise.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  4 Aug [1836]
Classmark:  DAR 223: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-306

To Josiah Wedgwood II   [5 October 1836]

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Summary

Happily home, he sends thanks to his "first Lord of the Admiralty". Will visit Maer in two or three weeks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, II
Date:  [5 Oct 1836]
Classmark:  DAR 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-307

Caroline Darwin to Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood   [5 October 1836]

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Summary

CD has come home – little altered in looks and otherwise not a bit changed. He will go to London to be there when Beagle arrives, and he and Caroline will visit Maer soon.

Author:  Caroline Sarah Darwin
Addressee:  Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood
Date:  [5 Oct 1836]
Classmark:  DAR 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-308

From William Owen Sr   5 October [1836]

Summary

Welcomes CD home; urges him to come to Woodhouse.

Author:  William Owen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct [1836]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-309

To Robert FitzRoy   6 October [1836]

Summary

CD describes his happy home-coming. Finds his family and Shrewsbury unchanged.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert FitzRoy
Date:  6 Oct [1836]
Classmark:  Copy
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-310

To J. S. Henslow   6 October [1836]

Summary

His joy at being home. Anxious to see JSH for advice on his geological specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  6 Oct [1836]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Henslow letters: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-311
Document type
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Date
1836
01 (5)
02 (3)
03 (1)
04 (1)
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08 (1)
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Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … service too. On the Beagle ’s return to England in 1836, CD kept Covington in his employ, paying …
  • … by Phillip Parker King, whom CD had met in Australia in 1836 and to whom he had also written a …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Beagle letters (e.g. letter to Caroline Darwin, 29 April 1836 ) to the more considered and …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … admitted to Linnean Society. Men: Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, …
  • … the “best authority” on the subject. Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, [7 …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … no effect. ’ Darwin and Herbert spent Christmas 1836 together in Cambridge , indulging their …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … Hist. [Jenyns 1838] Prichard; a 3 d . vol [Prichard 1836–47] Lawrence [W. Lawrence 1819] …
  • … 1829] Prostitution of Paris [Parent-Duchâtelet 1836]. about licentiousness destroying their …
  • … has pub. in 1 st  vol of Annals of Vienna [Endlicher 1836]. sketch of S. sea Botany R. …
  • … Col. le Couteur has written on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d …
  • … [?Heisch 1842] Coleridge. Literary Remains [Coleridge 1836–9] Inconsistency of Human …
  • … and Duméril 1821] Encyclop of Anat & Phys [Todd ed. 1836–59] [DAR *119: 14] …
  • … 36s.— Wiegmann. Archif fur Naturgeschicte. 33  1836. Meyen on distrib of plants in …
  • … race-horse during past & present century. Hookham” [Anon. 1836]: worth looking at. Low has …
  • … Königlichen Akad: der Wissen: Aus dem Jahre 1834.— Berlin 1836.— “Vergleich: Anat der Myxinoiden”. …
  • … (Read) Buckland Bridgewater Treatise [Buckland 1836] [DAR *119: 19v.] …
  • … Cattle, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 15. Parrots [Selby 1836]. 26. Honey Bees [Jardine ed …
  • … Life of L d . Clive. by Malcolm [Malcolm 1836] H. Dixon Life of Pen [W. H. Dixon 1851].— …
  • … Sir J. Sebright’s Pamphlets [Sebright 1809 and 1836]— } not abstracted …
  • … [DAR 119: 4a] Lessings Laocoon [Lessing 1836] Whewell inductive History [Whewell …
  • … 1835] Mackintosh’s Ethical Philosophy [Mackintosh 1836] Bell on the Hand [C. Bell 1833 …
  • … Sept. 25 th . Prichard. Physical Researches [Prichard 1836–47]. Volumes II with references at end …
  • … [Bell 1806]. Bucklands Bridgewater Treatise [Buckland 1836] Read half through Swedish …
  • … Cyprinidae from the vol 19. Asiatic Researches [McClelland 1836].— References at end.—— …
  • … 1823] & first 2 d 71  vol of Wordsworth [Wordsworth 1836–7] 26 th . Carlyle. Hero …
  • … prolix —— 3 d  vol of Wordsworth [Wordsworth 1836–7]. Giaour [Byron 1813] —— Some …
  • … —— Col. le-Couteur on Wheat [Le Couteur 1836]. marked.— 25 Youatt on Sheep [Youatt 1837] d …
  • … & Letters [Shelley 1840].— Some Wordsworth [Wordsworth 1836–7]. —— Part of Waltons lives …
  • … Mahons Hist. Peace of Utrecht to La Chapelle [Stanhope 1836–54] III Vols. —— 17 th  Laing …
  • … 1842] —— Finished Wordsworth 6 vols. [Wordsworth 1836–7] [DAR 119: 12a] …
  • … [Drury 1729] —— 20 Astoria.— by Irving [Irving 1836]   1844 Jan 7 th …
  • … Lay 1839] —— B. Hall’s Schloss Hainfell [Hall 1836]. April 26 th : Martin Chuzzlewit …
  • … Yarrell does not compare British with N. American [Yarrell 1836].— March I. G. St. Hilaire …
  • … 1844] Jan 5 th . L d . Mahon History [Stanhope 1836–54] IV vol: 14 Thaleba by …

Darwin & coral reefs

Summary

No statement of the theory that could be described as ‘thought out’ has been found in the extensive notes on geological observations that survive from the time Darwin spent on the west coast of South America. There are, however, several references in the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by a letter to his sister Caroline, written on 29 April 1836 during the  Beagle  stop at Mauritius …
  • … succinct statement of his theory: 12th. [April 1836] In the morning we stood out of the …
  • … formation to be a ‘monstrous hypothesis’:  29 April 1836 . Darwin exclaims that it …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest …
  • … FitzRoy, who commanded the Beagle from 1828 to 1836 during two surveying voyages to the southern …
  • … When the Beagle docked at Falmouth on 2 October 1836, two years later than originally planned, …
  • … !!!!!!! ’. He wed his long-term fiancée in December 1836—‘ a most inconvenient time to marry ’, …
  • … but adamant in the importance of missionary work.  In 1836, Darwin joined with FitzRoy in …
  • … Instead, after marrying the pious Mary O’Brien in 1836, and publishing the account of the Beagle …
  • … will be his end,’ Darwin wrote about FitzRoy in January 1836, ‘ under many circumstances I am sure, …
  • … Anderson, ed., Narrative of the Beagle voyage, 1831-1836 , 4 vols. London: Pickering & Chatto …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and the five years of the voyage of H.M.S.  Beagle . In 1836, the twenty-seven-year-old traveller …
  • … society When Darwin returned to England in October 1836 it was with the firm intention of …
  • … in the ornithological notes written during the summer of 1836, when, homeward bound, he was …
  • … ‘Ornithological notes’ p. 262). In the winter of 1836 the question of the stability of …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the …
  • … months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with …
  • … quite difficult to stop to criticize ’. By the end of 1836, the matter of whether Darwin’s journal …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836 . By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, …
  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836.  By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, …
  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836.  By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … , p. 196). In another field notebook, at Cape Town in May 1836, he lists, probably with the …
  • … some of his idiosyncratic spelling during the summer of 1836 (Sulloway 1982b, pp. 331–2, n. 13). …
  • … letter to the South African Christian Recorder, 28 June 1836, Collected papers  1: 20). ‡ …
  • … ‘Charles Darwin Esq from the Author Dunheved Jan 26 1836’). ‘Philosophical tracts’, Darwin Library …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 20). …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 28). …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 26). …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 22–3). …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Henslow 1837a and 1838; W. J. Hooker and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846 …
  • … to the views of his master. Their correspondence began in 1836 and from the start Lyell accepted …

Charles Thomas Whitley

Summary

Born in Liverpool in 1808, Charles Thomas Whitley, like Darwin, attended Shrewsbury School and then Cambridge University where they were clearly very close, exchanging letters during the summer holidays. Whitley was a mathematician, a subject that held…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … until 1855. He had married his cousin Frances Whitley in 1836 (having to give up his St John’s …
  • … Whitley had been ordained deacon in 1835 and priest in 1836, and accordingly took on the role of …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 297 — Darwin, S. E. to Darwin, C. R., 12 Feb 1836 Darwin’s sister Sarah E. Darwin …

The Beagle voyage ends

Summary

The Beagle anchors in Falmouth

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Beagle anchors in Falmouth …

Natural selection

Summary

How do new species arise?  This was the ancient question that Charles Darwin tackled soon after returning to England from the Beagle voyage in October 1836. Darwin realised a crucial (and cruel) fact: far more individuals of each species were born than…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … returning to England from the Beagle voyage in October 1836. Some naturalists, such as Jean …

London

Summary

Darwin moves to London

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin moves to London …

Africa

Summary

The Beagle arrives at the Cape of Good Hope

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Beagle arrives at the Cape of Good Hope …

Transmutation notes

Summary

Darwin starts writing notes on 'transmutation of species'

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin starts writing notes on 'transmutation of species' …

Darwin & the Geological Society

Summary

The science of geology in the early nineteenth century was a relatively new enterprise forged from the merging of several distinct traditions of inquiry, from mineralogy and the very practical business of mining, to theories of the earth’s origin and the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the fossil record.  When Darwin arrived in London in 1836 after the Beagle voyage, he found a …
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