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From Robert FitzRoy   [1833?]


List of mountains with their heights.

Author:  Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1833?]
Classmark:  DAR 40: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-194

From Caroline Darwin   13 January 1833


Family news. Uncle Jos [Josiah Wedgwood II] has been returned to Parliament with a fine majority.

Author:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-195

From J. S. Henslow   15–21 January 1833


Acknowledges receipt of two letters from CD and a box of specimens.

Mentions attendance at BAAS meeting and a gift to him of a small living near Oxford. Some political news.

Congratulates CD on the work he has done – the specimens are of great interest. Gives advice on packing, labelling, and future collecting and suggests that – as a precaution – CD send home a copy of his notes on the specimens.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 21 Jan 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-196

From W. D. Fox   23 January 1833


His health has improved but he continues "a good deal of an invalid" and is uncertain what the future holds for him.

His interest in entomology and ornithology continues; he has been studying the gulls on the Isle of Wight.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Jan 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-197

From E. A. Darwin to J. S. Henslow   23 January [1833]


EAD will forward a book and letter to CD; thanks JSH for sending CD’s letters.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  23 Jan [1833]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 15 DAR/1/1/15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-198

From R. W. Darwin and the Misses Darwin to J. S. Henslow   1 February 1833


Send their thanks to JSH for allowing them to see the two letters, one written ten days later than any they have received.

Author:  Robert Waring Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood; Susan Elizabeth Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  1 Feb 1833
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 16 DAR/1/1/16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-199

From Susan Darwin   3–6 March 1833


Captain Beaufort has offered to get one more letter to CD before the long voyage around the Horn;

SD brings family news up to date.

Author:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 & 6 Mar 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-200

From R. W. Darwin   7 March 1833


Writes of the pleasure all feel in CD’s continued good health and joy in his voyage.

Tells of the banana tree he bought, which he sits under and thinks of CD "in similar shade".

CD’s financial accounts are correct.

Author:  Robert Waring Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-201

From Caroline Darwin   7 March [1833]


Sends her love and family news.

Author:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar [1833]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-202

To Caroline Darwin   30 March – 12 April 1833


Account of the four-month voyage to Tierra del Fuego, Cape Horn, and return. The Fuegians are landed with Richard Matthews [the missionary in charge of them]. Storms, seasickness, hostile savages, and scenery are described. His increasing interest in all branches of natural history makes the hardships worth while. FitzRoy buys a schooner. CD will stay at Rio Negro while it is fitted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Date:  30 Mar – 12 Apr 1833
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-203

To J. S. Henslow   11 April 1833


Description of the months at Tierra del Fuego. His first sight of the primitive Fuegians. Geological and zoological observations and specimens.

The Falklands: geological and zoological observations.

Convinced the [Megatherium] sent to Royal College of Physicians [by Woodbine Parish] belongs to same formation as bones he sent home.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  11 Apr 1833
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 17 DAR/1/1/17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-204

From Caroline Darwin   1–4 May 1833


News of family and friends.

Author:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1–4 May 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-205

To Catherine Darwin   22 May – 14 July 1833


Longs to be on the other side of the Horn; tired of these countries. Natural history makes him continue. He now knows it will remain his favourite pursuit for the rest of his life.

Comments on slavery.

Will have additional space on board and a servant [Syms Covington] who will help him with the collection of birds and quadrupeds.

Asks for books, a lens, and four pairs of shoes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Date:  22 May – 14 July 1833
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-206

To W. D. Fox   23 May 1833


He misses society. "I often conjecture what will become of me; my wishes certainly would make me a country clergyman. – You expect sadly more than I shall ever do in Nat. Hist: I am only a sort of Jackall, a lions provider; but I wish I was sure there were lions enough."

Has collected a host of minute beetles, some reptiles, small quadrupeds, and fishes. Invertebrate marine animals are his delight. The pleasure of working with microscope ranks second only to geology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  23 May 1833
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 46b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-207

From Catherine Darwin   29 May 1833


She and Susan are in London, and she writes of people they have seen or had news of: Captain Harding, E. A. Darwin, Fanny [Mrs Hensleigh] Wedgwood, Emma Wedgwood, the Langtons, Josiah Wedgwood and Aunt Bessie, Fanny Biddulph and child, and the Evanses of Portrane.

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 May 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-208

To J. M. Herbert   2 June 1833


Describes Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn; was reminded of hours at Barmouth; chafes at the length of the trip.

Hopes the Whigs will do away with slavery – has seen enough of it and Negroes to be disgusted with the lies heard in England.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Maurice Herbert
Date:  2 June 1833
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-209

To J. S. Henslow   18 July 1833


Fears JSH will think his collections scanty. Makes it a constant rule to prefer obscure and diminutive tribes of animals.

Now has a servant whom he has taught to skin birds, etc.

Lists four barrels of specimens he is sending.

Gives future route. He looks forward to the western coast of South America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  18 July 1833
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 18 DAR/1/1/18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-210

From Susan Darwin   22–31 July 1833


News of family and friends after skipping June letter: Osmaston and the Foxes, five weeks in London, the Langtons in Shropshire, Fanny Biddulph and daughter, R. W. Darwin, and Charles Hughes.

Author:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 & 31 July 1833
Classmark:  DAR 204: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-211

From Robert FitzRoy   24 [August 1833]


Wishes CD well on his trip to General Juan Manuel Rosas. CD is to send word when he wants a boat; there is no hurry, for there is plenty of work for the sounders. He envies CD’s travels.

Author:  Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 [Aug 1833]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-212

From J. S. Henslow   31 August 1833



The [Megatherium] fossils were extremely interesting and were shown at the Geological Section of the BAAS meeting at Cambridge [1833].

The plants delight him; will work them out with W. J. Hooker.

CD should send every fossil he can find; minute insects will be nearly all new. Delighted with descriptions of the few animals alluded to.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug 1833
Classmark:  DAR 97(ser. 2): 14–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-213
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That monstrous stain: To J. M. Herbert, 2 June 1833


Darwin did not consider himself to be a particularly good writer, but many of his letters contain not just a wealth of information, but also beautifully expressed descriptions and impressions that would be the envy of any essayist or novelist. Such is the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Abolition Act (3 & 4 Will. IV c. 73) was passed in August 1833 and came into force a year later. …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia


Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … enthusiasm in a letter to William Darwin Fox, 23 May 1833 ( Correspondence vol. 1):    …

Race, Civilization, and Progress


Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his most "primitive wildness" ( letter to Henslow, 11 April 1833 ). They represented …
  • … Letter 204 : Darwin to Henslow, J. S., 11 April 1833 "The Fuegians are in a more …
  • … most of the British empire by an act of Parliament in August 1833 which took effect in the following …

John Stevens Henslow


The letters Darwin exchanged with John Stevens Henslow, professor of Botany and Mineralogy at Cambridge University, were among the most significant of his life. It was a letter from Henslow that brought Darwin the invitation to sail round the world as…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … electric explosion ( from Henslow, 15–21 January 1833 ) During the voyage it was …

Darwin on race and gender


Darwin’s views on race and gender are intertwined, and mingled also with those of class. In Descent of man, he tried to explain the origin of human races, and many of the differences between the sexes, with a single theory: sexual selection. Sexual…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Key letters: Letter to J. S. Henslow, 11 April 1833 Letter to C. R. Lyell, 11 …

Books on the Beagle


The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 16 hits

  • … two references to Felix Azara’s works in notes made during 1833 cite secondary sources (DAR 33: 254 …
  • … 1822–31. (Letter from J. S. Henslow, 15–21 January [1833]). Darwin Library–CUL. § …
  • … signatures of the members . . . who met at Cambridge, June 1833. With a report of the proceedings . …
  • … Report of the 2d meeting . . . Oxford, 1832 . London, 1833.  (Letter to J. S. Henslow, March 1834 …
  • … de M. Gay.  Annales des Sciences Naturelles   28 (1833): 26–35. (DAR 35.2: 396). ‘Philosophical …
  • … vols. Edinburgh, 1822. (Letter from Susan Darwin, 15 October 1833). Darwin Library–CUL ††. …
  • … . . 1830 et 1831.  Annales des Sciences Naturelles  28 (1833): 369–93. (DAR 35.2: 396). …
  • … Proceedings of the Geological Society of London  2 (1833–8): 44–70. (DAR 37.2: 797). …
  • … ‘Charles Darwin M: Video. Novem r . 1832’; vol. 3 (1833): ‘C. Darwin’; letter to J. S. Henslow, 24 …
  • … Miss Martineau’. (Letter from Caroline Darwin, 28 October [1833]). Maskelyne, Nevil.  Tables …
  • … of Africa, Arabia, and Madagascar . . .  2 vols. London, 1833. ( Red notebook , p. 64). …
  • … (Vols. 3–7 inscribed ‘Chas. Darwin Buenos Ayres Sept. 1833’). CUL Adv.d.79.22–6. § Rivero, …
  • … Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society  4 (1833): 209–17. (Letter to J. S. Henslow, 24 …
  • … 1832. (DAR 30.1: 2v.; letter to J. M. Herbert, 2 June 1833). Ulloa, A. de. See Juan, G. and …
  • …  London, 1829. (Letter from Caroline Darwin, 28 October [1833]). § Whewell, William. Essay …
  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  123 (1833): 147–236. (Letter to J. S. Henslow, March …

Darwin’s reading notebooks


In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … sur la Fauna des iles de la Sonde et Japon [Temminck 1833].— —Have read it. Ogleby Temminck. …
  • … of Selbourne [E. T. Bennett ed. 1837 and [J. Rennie] ed. 1833] read 19  : French [? Annales de la …
  • … Geograph Soc Siebold’s Japan [P. F. B. von Siebold 1833–50]— d[itt]o Kalm’s Travels in …
  • … Darby’s Louisiana [darby 1816] & Finch Travels [Finch 1833]. (Lyell) Maximilian in Brazil …
  • … Lives of Kepler & Galileo. Drinkwater [J. E. Drinkwater] 1833]— Prof. Smyth. French …
  • … Boisduval is author of Fauna of Madagascar [Boisduval 1833]: Suite— Decandolle on Botany [A. de …
  • … countries Birds of Japan [P. F. B. von Siebold 1833–50] Zoolog. Soc “Memoires du …
  • … 5 s  1834–43 1. Humming Birds, Vol. 1 [Jardine 1833]. 3. Humming Birds, Vol 2 …
  • … 1848] (Boot) 44  (read) Bethunes lives [Drinkwater 1833] (Boot) Leslie life of …
  • … [Mackintosh 1836] Bell on the Hand [C. Bell 1833] Wilkinson’s Egyptian remains [?J. G. …
  • … 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. Fanning [Fanning 1833], Dixon [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages …
  • … other numbers 25. Owen & Botelers Africa [W. F. Owen 1833 and Boteler 1835] well skimmed …
  • … (for second time) Whewell’s Bridgewater Treatise [Whewell 1833] March 1 st . Philosoph. …
  • … —— 28 th  Glöger Abanden der Vogel [Glöger 1833].— Dec r . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants …
  • … Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou ]. Vols for 1833, 1837, 1838, 1842, 43, 44—not all …
  • … ed. 1837], notes by W. Herbert, Rennie [J. Rennie] ed. 1833]. 6. H. Miller First Impressions …
  • … very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] poor —— 20 th  Thiers …
  • … la   Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux ] Tom VI. & VII. 1833–1835 118 22 d . Bulletin …
  • … Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle ] Tom. I (lost). II 1833. III 1834. & IV 1835: …
  • … 22] 1858 Hewitsons Oology [Hewitson [1833–42].— Nov. 12. Yarrell’s …
  • … 18  The entries from ‘Volneys’ to [Temminck 1833] on page [5v.] are taken from the inside back …
  • … Bennett’s edition (1837) and for James Rennie’s edition (1833) of Gilbert White’s  Natural History …
  • … ed. (1844) in Darwin Library.]  119: 8a ——. 1833.  The hand. Its mechanism and vital   …
  • … of a whaling   voyage round the globe, from the year 1833 to 1836. Comprising   sketches of …
  • … *119: 20v. Boisduval de Chauffour, Jean Alphonse. 1833.  Faune   entomologique de …
  • … 16b [Drinkwater, afterwards Bethune, John Elliot]. 1833.  Lives of eminent persons, …
  • …   and adventures in the Indian Archipelago, in 1832, 1833,   1834 . London.  119: 3a …
  • … countries . Hereford.  119: 1a Fanning, Edmund. 1833.  Voyages round the world: with   …
  • … Mrs. P. Sinnett. London.  119: 17b Finch, John. 1833.  Travels in the United States of …

Conrad Martens


Conrad Martens was born in London, the son of an Austrian diplomat. He studied landscape painting under the watercolourist Copley Fielding (1789–1855), who also briefly taught Ruskin. In 1833 he was on board the Hyacinth, headed for India, but en route in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Fielding (1789–1855), who also briefly taught Ruskin. In 1833 he was on board the Hyacinth , …
  • … to Monte Video where he joined the Beagle crew in July 1833; he stayed with them until July 1834 …
  • … of Monte Video. Although he arrived in Monte Video in August 1833, it was not until November that …

Darwin’s introduction to geology


Darwin collected minerals as a child and was introduced to the science of geology at the University of Edinburgh, but he only became actively interested in the subject as he was completing his degree at Cambridge.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin collected minerals as a child and was introduced to the science of geology during his …

George Keen


George Keen (1794–1884) was born in England. He had arrived in Buenos Aires by 1820, making him one of the earliest settlers from Britain. In 1821 he married Mary Yates (1802/3–72), the sister of John, William and Elizabeth Yates, another family of early…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Edward Lumb, with whom Darwin stayed in Buenos Aires in 1833. Keen began acquiring estates in …
  • … de los Dolores from the 22 nd to the 26 th November 1833. Darwin geologized in the …

Adam Sedgwick


One of the early leaders of geology in Britain, Adam Sedgwick  was born in the Yorkshire village of Dent in 1785. Attending Trinity College Cambridge, he was ordained as clergyman and in 1818 was appointed to the Woodwardian Chair of Geology, which offered…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … One of the early leaders of geology in Britain, Adam Sedgwick  was born in the Yorkshire village …

Scientific Practice


Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 207 — Darwin, C. R. to Fox, W. D., 23 May 1833 Darwin tells Fox to buy a microscope. …

Edward Lumb


Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833 while voyaging on the Beagle …
  • … on the Rio Negro, from the 22 nd to the 26 th November 1833. In March 1834 Darwin wrote from …

Scientific Networks


Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 196 — Henslow, J. S. to Darwin, C. R., 15 & 21 Jan [1833] Henslow acknowledges receipt of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album


Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Burghal School   Leeuwarden 4 july 1833 Den Haag 17 may 1890 …
  • … School   Winterswijk 24 july 1833       …
  • … and Physics.   Deventer 27 april 1833 Gameren     …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications


This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … east and west coasts of South America, in the years 1832, 1833, 1834, and 1835, with an account of a …

Syms Covington


When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle voyage in 1831, Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington kept an illustrated journal of his observations and experiences on the voyage, noting wildlife, landscapes, buildings and people and,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … shoot and skin birds, Darwin employed him as his servant in 1833. Covington accompanied Darwin on …

Yokcushlu (Fuegia Basket)


Yokcushlu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Yokcushlu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She …

Inland expeditions


Darwin travels overland to Buenos Aires and Santa Fe 

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin travels overland to Buenos Aires and Santa Fe  …

Titus Coan


In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Coan had landed at Gregory Bay (now in Chile) on 14 November 1833, and left again on 25 January 1834 …
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