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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Dear Friend   1 January 1822

Summary

Erasmus Alvey Darwin has rheumatism; his sisters complain of his bad temper but CD thinks him very good tempered. CD has received a new cabinet. [This is the first of six entries written in a "Memorandum book" comprising four sheets folded into a gather and sewn together in book form. The entries are in the style of letters addressed to an unnamed friend and are dated between 1 and 12 January 1822, shortly before CD’s thirteenth birthday. As they were written straight into the memorandum book, it is clear that they were never sent through the post, but were either to an imaginary recipient, or intended to be read by someone in the household, possibly CD’s youngest sister, Emily Catherine Darwin (Catherine).]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dear Friend
Date:  1 Jan 1822
Classmark:  DAR 271/1/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1F

To Dear Friend   2 January 1822

Summary

Erasmus Alvey Darwin is good tempered and their sisters have "not abused at all". Hopes the recipient will help "in looking out and washing the fossils out of the plate closet".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dear Friend
Date:  2 Jan 1822
Classmark:  DAR 271/1/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1G

To Dear Friend   3 January 1822

Summary

"Monseur Beodoes" is inquisitive and impertinent; Mr Bayly "was formerly a devlish boor". Asks who his sisters have been talking about.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dear Friend
Date:  3 Jan 1822
Classmark:  DAR 271/1/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1H

To Dear Friend   4 January 1822

Summary

Likes Mariane who is very good to Miss Jones; CD bought cakes in town while Mariane visited Miss Jones; he was embarrassed to be shown into her bedroom when he returned. Miss Clare has had an accident.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dear Friend
Date:  4 Jan 1822
Classmark:  DAR 271/1/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1J

To Dear Friend   4 January 1822

Summary

Caroline disapproves of his not washing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dear Friend
Date:  4 Jan 1822
Classmark:  DAR 271/1/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1K

To Dear Friend   12 January 1822

Summary

Was joined by Colonel Burgh Leighton when walking in the quarry. Plans to make caves next summer to store "warlike instruments" and "relicks". Sketches a design for a signalling device. May go with his father to visit the Earl of Powys at Walcot; visited Mrs and Miss Reynolds and William Pemberton Cludde.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dear Friend
Date:  12 Jan 1822
Classmark:  DAR 271.1.1: 6v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1M

From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   25 [October 1822]

Summary

Has found a shop with supplies of chemical equipment, and a mineral collector.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 [Oct 1822]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2

From E. A. Darwin   14 November 1822

Summary

EAD wants changes made and shelves built to improve the laboratory at the Mount [Darwin residence]; sends drawings and will bring chemical instruments, a book, and his record of experiments done in his chemistry course.

He has now been matriculated.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1822
Classmark:  DAR 204: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3

From E. A. Darwin   8 December 1822

Summary

Suggestions for laboratory equipment. Will buy some mineral specimens. Describes experiments he has seen.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1822
Classmark:  DAR 204.1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … in Geolog. Soc. F. Cuvier on Instinct [F. G. Cuvier 1822] read Flourens Edit [Flourens 1845] …
  • … of Zoology [Smellie 1790–9]. Fleming Ditto [Fleming 1822] Falconers remark on the …
  • … [Azara 1801] Dobrizhoffer’s Abipones [Dobrizhoffer 1822] Edinburgh New Philosoph. …
  • … Harold [Byron 1819]. Manfred [Byron 1817]. Cain [Byron 1822] 18 th . Bossu & Loefflings …
  • … 68  June 6 th  Doblado’s letters on Spain [Doblado 1822] excellent November Three vols. of …
  • … Dec. 15 th . Flemings Philosoph of Zoology [Fleming 1822]— Well read— references at end.— …
  • … th  Skimmed through Encyclopædia of Gardening [Loudon 1822]. ref. at end.— Sept 16 th …
  • … April 5 th . Simond’s Travels [?Simond 1822].— May 6 th  Several volumes of Belsham …
  • … History of cultivated Vegetables 2. Vols. [H. Phillips 1822] (very poor) [DAR 119: 13b] …
  • … —— 10 Johnson’s Field Sports of India [D. Johnson 1822] (nothing) Sept: Acerbis Travels …
  • … Mem. Acad. Scien. lu Feb. 19/21/ 82  [A. von Humboldt 1822] 19 th  Couch Illustrations of …
  • … [Warren 1832–8] De Quincy Opium Eater [De Quincey 1822] The Devereux. Earls of Essex …
  • … edition) —— 25 Quincey Opium Eater [De Quincey 1822] (very poor) —— Diary of a …
  • … Sur la Distrib. Geograph from Journal de Physique Feb. 1822 [Desmoulins 1822] London Journal …
  • … as assistant secretary to the Horticultural Society from 1822 to 1841 then vice-secretary from 1841 …
  • … . 2 vols. London. [Other eds.]  119: 7a ——. 1822.  Cain; a mystery . London. [Other eds. …
  • … . London.  *119: 23 Cuvier, Frédéric Georges. 1822. Instinct. In vol. 23, pp. 528–44, of …
  • … [Darwin Library.]  128: 10 De Quincey, Thomas. 1822.  Confessions of an English   opium …
  • … Doblado, Leucadio,  pseud . (Joseph Blanco White). 1822.  Letters from Spain . London. [Other …
  • … de Sa Majesté, La   Coquille, pendant les années   1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825 . 7 vols. Paris. …
  • …   Fitz-Roy .) London.  119: 5a Fleming, John. 1822.  The philosophy of zoology; or, a …
  • … of the Polar Sea,   in the years 1819, 1820, 1821, and 1822 . London. [Other eds.] 119: 16b …
  • …   classique d’histoire naturelle . 17 vols. Paris. 1822–31.  *119: 14v. ——. 1832–7.  …
  • … classique d’histoire naturelle . 17 vols. Paris. 1822–31.  119: 10a Guizot, François …
  • … [Darwin Library.]  *119: 1v.; 119: 10a ——. 1822. Nouvelles recherches sur les lois que l …
  • … Library.) London.  *128: 157 Johnson, Daniel. 1822.  Sketches of field sports as   …
  • …   and the natural history of man . London. [2d ed. (1822) in Darwin Library.] *119: 1v.; 119: 18a …
  • … de sa majesté La Coquille, pendant les   années 1822–5 . 2 vols. in 3 and atlas. Paris. 1826–30.  …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … classique d’histoire naturelle . 17 vols. Paris, 1822–31. (Letter from J. S. Henslow, 15–21 …
  • … in the interior of Southern Africa . 2 vols. London, 1822–4. ( Voyage , p. 182;  Red notebook , …
  • …   expedition around the world . . .  Aberdeen, [1786], 1822. (DAR 31.1: 206; 35.1: 235v.). …
  • … of the geology ofEngland and Wales.  Pt 1. London, 1822. (DAR 35.1: 317). Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … autour du monde . . . sur la corvette . . .La Coquille 1822–5. Zoologie  par MM. [R. P.] Lesson et …
  • … The philosophy of zoology . . .  2 vols. Edinburgh, 1822. (Letter from Susan Darwin, 15 October …
  • … coasts of Chili, Peru and Mexico for the years 1820, 1821, 1822.  2 vols. Edinburgh, 1824. (DAR 37 …
  • … A voyage towards the South Pole performed in the years 1822–24. London, 1825. (DAR 32.2: 109v.). …
  • … of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall  2 (1822): 49–128. ( Red notebook , p. 20e). …
  • … subjects of natural history and botany.  London, 1822. Vancouver,George.  A voyage of …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College …

Fritz Müller

Summary

Fritz Müller, a German who spent most of his life in political exile in Brazil, described Darwin as his second father, and Darwin's son, Francis, wrote that, although they never met 'the correspondence with Müller, which continued to the close of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … born in the small Thuringian town of Windischholzhausen in 1822, the eldest son of a natural history …

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Vo: octavo. 2 Cochrane 1825. 3 Abernethy 1822. There is a lightly annotated copy …
  • … Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1822.  Physiological lectures, exhibiting a …

John Stevens Henslow

Summary

The letters Darwin exchanged with John Stevens Henslow, professor of Botany and Mineralogy at Cambridge University, were among the most significant of his life. It was a letter from Henslow that brought Darwin the invitation to sail round the world as…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the end of the year had collected 263 flowering plants. In 1822, Henslow was appointed Professor of …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … result of systematic campaigning, legislation was passed in 1822, 1835, and 1849 (see nn. 1 and 5, …
  • … Act to prevent the cruel and improper treatment of cattle, 1822, prohibited the ill-treatment of …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and probably got his idea from Bory, when he published in 1822 that varieties become species through …