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Women’s scientific participation


Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwins correspondence helps bring to light a
  • community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women
  • Observers Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August
  • silkworm breeds, or peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to
  • to artificially fertilise plants in her garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to
  • be made on seeds of Pulmonaria officinalis . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to
  • Expression from her home in South Africa. Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L
  • Egypt. Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin
  • Henrietta. Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] …
  • the wallpaper. Letter 5756 - Langton, E. & C. to Wedgwood S. E., [after 9
  • Letter 1701 - Morris, M. H. to Prior, R. C. A., [17 June 1855] Margaretta Hare Morris
  • in Llandudno. Letter 4823  - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, H. E., [May 1865] …
  • Lychnis diurna. Letter 8168 - Ruck, A. R . to Darwin, H., [20 January 1872] …
  • lawn. Letter 8224 - Darwin to Ruck, A. R., [24 February 1872] Darwin
  • 4139  - Darwin, W. E. to Darwin, [4 May 1863] William sends the results of a recent
  • Letter 1701  - Morris, M. H. to Prior, R. C. A., [17 June 1855] Margaretta Hare Morris
  • 23rd 1887]: Emma Darwin tells her eldest son, William, that her third eldest son, Francis, …
  • garden ”. Letter 6083  - Casparay, J. X. R. to Darwin, [2 April 1868] …
  • 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin updates her son, William, on family news. Henrietta has
  • Letter 7858 - Darwin to Wa llace, A. R., [12 July 1871] Darwin tells Wallace that
  • W. E., [9 January 1872] Darwin thanks his son William for checking the proofs of a new, …
  • Assistants Letter 347  - Darwin to Whewell, W., [10 March 1837] Darwin
  • to Clarke, W. B., [25 October 1861] Darwin asks William Clarke to pass on information on

Darwin’s reading notebooks


In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 26 hits

  • In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to
  • … (DAR 119) opens with five pages of text copied from Notebook C and carries on through 1851; the
  • used these notebooks extensively in dating and annotating Darwins letters; the full transcript
  • … *128). For clarity, the transcript does not record Darwins alterations. The spelling and
  • book had been consulted. Those cases where it appears that Darwin made a genuine deletion have been
  • a few instances, primarily in theBooks Readsections, Darwin recorded that a work had been
  • to be Read [DAR *119: Inside Front Cover] C. Darwin June 1 st . 1838
  • … [DAR *119: 2v.] Whites regular gradation in man [C. White 1799] Lindleys
  • 8 vo  p 181 [Latreille 1819]. see p. 17 Note Book C. for reference to authors about E. Indian
  • … [Reimarius 1760] The Highlands & Western Isl ds  letter to Sir W Scott [MacCulloch 1824
  • 183440]: In Portfolio ofabstracts34  —letter from Skuckard of books on Silk Worm
  • June /41/ [Herschel 1841] I see I  must   study  Whewell on Philosophy of Science [Whewell 1840] …
  • M rs  Frys Life [Fry 1847] Horace Walpoles letter to C t . of Ossory [Walpole 1848] …
  • … [Fellows 1839] Catherine 48 Life of Collins R.A. [Collins 1848] Phases of Faith
  • Asiatic Society ]—contains very little Macleays letter to D r  Fleming [Macleay 1830] …
  • 119: 4a] Lessings Laocoon [Lessing 1836] Whewell inductive History [Whewell 1837] …
  • 1807] 24 th   Well  Skimmed (for second time) Whewells Bridgewater Treatise [Whewell
  • 1841]. 2 d . vols. —— 30 th . Smollets William & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— …
  • … [DAR *128: 149] Murray Geograph. Distrib. Price William & Norgate 2126 [A. Murray
  • …  Hinds Solar System [Hind 1852] April 20 th  William Humboldts letters [K. W. von Humboldt
  • 7  Probably a reference to the private library of William Jackson Hooker and his son, Joseph
  • In February 1882, however, after reading the introduction to William Ogles translation of Aristotle
  • 1848Memoirs of the life of William   Collins, Esq., R.A.  2 vols. London.  *119: 23; 119: …
  • by Richard Owen.  Vol. 4 of  The works of John Hunter, F.R.S. with notes . Edited by James F. …
  • Robert. 1843Memoirs of the life of John   Constable, R.A., composed chiefly of his letters. …
  • Peacock, George. 1855Life of Thomas Young, M.D., F.R.S.  London.  *128: 172; 128: 21

Books on the Beagle


The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 23 hits

  • Captain FitzRoy in the  Narrative  (2: 18). CD, in his letter to Henslow, 9 [September 1831] , …
  • … . . . There will be  plenty  of room for Books.’ (Letter from Robert FitzRoy, 23 September 1831
  • theimmense stockwhich CD mentions may be had from a letter FitzRoy wrote to his sister during an
  • from the unpublished zoological and geological notes in the Darwin Archive (DAR 2938), a brief
  • is of four kinds: There are volumes now in the Darwin Library in Cambridge that contain
  • he used while on board (see Kotzebue, Krusenstern, and Whewell). The works in this second category
  • notes made by CD during the voyage. They are in the Darwin Archive in the Cambridge University
  • and symbols are used: DAR  —  Darwin Archive CUL  —  Cambridge University
  • on board the  Beagle §  —  mentioned in a letter or other source as being on board
  • … , conveys the following information: CDs copy, now in Darwin LibaryCUL, was used on board. The
  • 1 of volume 32 of CDs geological diary (DAR 32.1) in the Darwin Archive. The copy in the Darwin
  • … . 2 vols. Strasbourg, 1819. (Inscription in vol. 1: ‘C. Darwin HMS Beagle’; DAR 32.1: 61). Darwin
  • Naturelle  3 (1834): 84115. (DAR 37.1: 677v.; letter to J. S. Henslow, 12 July 1835). * …
  • dhistoire naturelle . 17 vols. Paris, 182231. (Letter from J. S. Henslow, 1521 January [1833]). …
  • … , etc. London, 1743. (DAR 36.1: 447). Burchell, William JohnTravels in the interior of
  • … . . .  London, 1798. (DAR 31.2: 318v.). Conybeare, William Daniel and Phillips, William.  …
  • 255v.; number of volumes on board unknown). Dampier, WilliamA new voyage round the world. …
  • 1831. (DAR 32.1: 53). Desaulses de Freycinet, L. Csee  Freycinet, L. C. Desaulses de
  • la corvette . . .La Coquille 18225. Zoologie  par MM. [R. P.] Lesson et [P.] Garnot. 2 vols., …
  • … (Letter to Caroline Darwin, 27 December 1835). Ellis, WilliamPolynesian researches, …
  • and western coasts of Australia  (includes: Fitton, William. An account of some geological
  • … (Inscriptions: vol. 1 (1830), ‘Given me by Capt. F.R C. Darwin’; vol.2 (1832), ‘Charles Darwin M: …
  • concerning a future state . . . by a country pastor [R. W.].  London, 1829. (Letter from Caroline

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'


The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 23 hits

  • The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle  voyage was one
  • a family Busy as he was with scientific activities, Darwin found time to re-establish family
  • close contact. In November 1838, two years after his return, Darwin became engaged to his cousin, …
  • in London and at the end of the year their first child, William Erasmus, was born. In September 1842
  • his greatest theoretical achievement, the most important of Darwins activities during the years
  • identifications of his bird and fossil mammal specimens, Darwin arrived at the daring and momentous
  • ideas on a wide range of topics. Then, in September 1838, T. R. Malthus’  An essay on the principle
  • This explanation of anew Geological Power”, as William Buckland called it (in his referees report
  • of the  Beagle  voyage. With the help of J. S. Henslow, William Whewell, and other prominent
  • Fossil Mammalia , by Richard OwenMammalia , by G. R. WaterhouseBirds , by John Gould;  …
  • publications. The beetles were described by F. W. Hope, G. R. Waterhouse, and C. C. Babington; the
  • Towards the end of 1843, he increasingly hoped that William Jackson Hooker or his son Joseph might
  • letters have suffered an even more severe loss. In a letter to Lyells sister-in-law, Katharine
  • Henslow, Jenyns, Waterhouse, and his second cousin, William Darwin Foxknew, as he said to Henslow, …
  • of fact . . . on the origin & variation of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] …
  • that he had a sound solution to what J. F. W. Herschel in a letter to Lyell had called themystery
  • about searching for evidence to support his hypothesis. In a letter to Lyell, [14] September [1838
  • all crosses between all domestic birds & animals dogs, cats &c &c very valuable—' …
  • on literature in this field and on friends like Henslow, T. C. Eyton, and W. D. Fox, who were
  • the practice of systematists. As the correspondence with G. R. Waterhouse during the 1840s shows, …
  • just the same, though I know what I am looking for' ( Letter to G. R. Waterhouse, [26 July
  • there were no doubts as to how one ought to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] …
  • … [20 February 1840] , ‘as usual has been my enemybut D r . Holland tells me he thinks it is only

Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle, by John Clunies Ross. Transcription by Katharine Anderson


[f.146r Title page] Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2nd 3rd and Appendix Volumes of the First / Edition Written / for and in the name of the Author of those / Volumes By J.C. Ross. / Sometime Master of a…

Matches: 29 hits

  • N o II of the foresaid works. By Captain Robert Fitzroy R.N. In the first Edition Mr
  • he is ready to admitthat althomany Captains R.N. do not hesitate to (unofficially) give the
  • obtain such a one I was (in a manner) compelled to take Mr Darwin on a far too independent footing. …
  • of this Supplement exhibit evidence to that effectin Mr Darwins instanceespecially in respect
  • to be noticed. Being of course ambitious to rival Mr Darwin in the line of Theory-invention – …
  • … – with the exception of one of the classwhich Mr Darwin bribed the Aborigines to performwe
  • an abstract of anessay &con the subject by Professor Whewellthe sameof which I have
  • I therefore hit upon the expedient of giving it to Mr Darwin to put into his Volume. Heresaid
  • to the soils of the coral formation. Nevertheless Mr Darwin (doubtless from his not looking
  • and very pretty view.” Now bearing in mind that Mr Darwin is exceedinglyfondof dry bones
  • my fairness of statement that I have thus recapitulated Mr Darwins sentimentsalbeitso adverse
  • also called Cocoswere discovered in 1608-9 by Captain William Keeling who was in the East India
  • to which I allude are the following. J.C.R. [column continues across
  • calledthe Hippomanesand gave the command to R.C. Ross (brother to Mr J.C. Ross) the same who
  • rice could be obtainedwhen being aware from Captain R.C. Ross of his brother (Mr Ross') …
  • he had the honour of having made whilst commanding the H.C.C. Mary Ann under his Government of Java
  • a moment longer to come home as he deserved to do.” That letter they shewed to Mr Ross and requested
  • to somewhere else” – so now readyour brother's letter and then we may have something sure to
  • wrote to him immediately before leaving for Sumatraa letter calculated to elicit something
  • … – not all exaggeratedand Mr R sent him back with a letter [ f.183r p.73 ] as he proposed. …
  • was not of any profitable description but of what Mr H in letter to Mr R denominatedfiddle faddle” …
  • to a note from Mr H concerning the last mentioned fugitive a letter whichMr H sent to Mr R – …
  • … ] The three or four runaways mentioned in the forgoing letter had run to apply to Mr Rossand on
  • sole reference to Malaysseeing, that he (an M.A. & F.R.S. – who isor has been, Secretary
  • to addmy brother Knight) Sir Edward BelcherCaptain R.N. ^to wit^ To his performances in that
  • so calledappear to have been discovered by Captain William Keeling employed in the service of the
  • marked in pencil233ff. Mar, 1908 E.W.J. / Examined by C.J.G.”] *[1] The Sage
  • Isles. They accordingly selected Mr R. M. WicheloPurser R.N. – but who had after the peace
  • otherwise than fromLeisks representations. (Signed J.C.R. …