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Women as a scientific audience


Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those
  • a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of
  • women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the
  • and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • it had been proofread and edited bya lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862
  • typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September
  • content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade
  • of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade
  • women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • Cupples got hold of it first. Darwins female readership
  • tells Darwin about a new "epistolary acquaintance" of his, Sara Hennell . Hennell&#039

List of correspondents


Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. …
  • … Dareste, Camille (9) Darwin family (1) …
  • … Darwin, S. E. (47) Darwin, Sara (6) …
  • … Adam (15) Sedgwick, Sara (6) …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours


Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwins research had centred firmly on botany. The
  • of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwins botany was increasingly a
  • assisted his fathers research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his sons own
  • He most pleased his father, however, by his engagement to Sara Sedgwick, an American from a family
  • from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of
  • sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of
  • and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term
  • as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton
  • measurements of the size and number of pollen-grains, Darwin compared the fertility of individual
  • primrose and purple loosestrife. In the course of his work, Darwin found a number of other
  • dreadful work making out anything about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March
  • which include heterstyled species. This pleases me.’. Darwin dedicated the book to Gray, ‘as a small
  • separate publications together into a larger whole enabled Darwin to advance more speculative views
  • both pollen and seeds’ ( Forms of flowers , p. 344). Darwin was typically pessimistic about the
  • be sold’. His publisher knew from previous experience that Darwin was a poor judge of sales, and
  • after completing his manuscript of Forms of flowers , Darwin took up the problem ofbloomin
  • characteristic whose purpose was little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, …
  • exchanged between Down and Kew over the next six months. Darwin corresponded most often with the
  • been for your kindness, we sh d . have broken down’, Darwin wrote back on 5 September . ‘As it
  • injury from pure water resting on leaves’. In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but
  • on leaves and the distribution of the stomata’ (F. Darwin 1886). Alongside his work on bloom, …
  • a very happy occasion with the engagement of William to Sara Sedgwick. She was the daughter of
  • … & he delights in doing little kindnesses’ ( letter to Sara Sedgwick, 29 September [1877] ). It
  • looked as if she had committed a murder & told a fib about Sara going back to America with the
  • Darwin wrote to William on 3 October , ‘I fear that Sara will think it atrociously unsentimental’ …

2.13 Edgar Boehm, statue in the NHM


< Back to Introduction Edgar Boehm’s marble statue of Darwin in the Natural History Museum was commissioned by the committee of the Darwin Memorial Fund. This body had been set up by Darwin’s friends after his death in 1882, with the aim of providing…

Matches: 24 hits

  • to Introduction Edgar Boehms marble statue of Darwin in the Natural History Museum was
  • report shows that their donations did indeed range from the Darwin familys £200 down to five
  • a cost of £2,100, to pay for a bronze portrait medallion of Darwin in Westminster Abbey (also by
  • sciences, and opened to the public in 1881, shortly before Darwins death. This government-funded
  • was also a key aim. The introduction of the statue of Darwin on the central landing of the grand
  • also symbolised acceptance by both church and state that Darwin, once anathematised as a threat to
  • as a sign of the institutionsofficial sanctionof Darwins theories: rather, it was meant to
  • which were directly explanatory of the scientific views of Darwin and his disciples. Richard Owen, …
  • central area of the hall were watched over by the figure of Darwin, and Boehms statue was even
  • committees choice of Boehm to sculpt the portrait of Darwin could be construed as conservative and
  • artist’. However, for many viewers, Boehms statue of Darwin, slightly over life size, seemed to
  • legs crossedan easy, unassuming pose seen in Leonard Darwins photograph of his father on the
  • Fairs caricature . The collared cape or cloak that Darwin wore outdoors (depicted also in
  • Moses , giving monumentality to the figure. Emma Darwin, always difficult to please with respect to
  • think it was a strong likeness of him (Boehm had never seen Darwin in life), but the impressive
  • in this context. She explained to her daughter-in-law Sara that Boehms characterisation of Darwins
  • was very well received; the Times writer thought that Darwin seemed towelcome all coming
  • in 1927, but put back there in 2008, in time for the Darwin bicentenary celebrations of 2009.  …
  • 1883, was given to Cambridge University by members of the Darwin family in 1891, and placed in the
  • death by the Countess of Derby; her daughter presented it to Darwins son George, who lent it to the
  • white marble, inscribed on the front of the baseCHARLES DARWIN’, and on the right side, ‘J.E. …
  • 2 (PH/3/1/781-797, 801-1588); vol. 3 (PH1/3/1/1589-2226). ‘Darwin memorial’, Times (17 June, …
  • June 1885, p. 5. ‘Unveiling the statue of the late Charles Darwin in the Natural History Museum, …
  • Magazine , 31:5 (1886), pp. 3950 (pp. 4042). Darwin Memorial Fund: Report of the Committee

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots


Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 17 hits

  • There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts
  • 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge
  • to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an
  • the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his
  • 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography
  • a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwins spirits. ‘I wish that my
  • W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the
  • that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I
  • contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by
  • Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwins seventieth birthday on 12
  • the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin asthe deep thinker’, while
  • accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified
  • Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin along and serene evening of life’. This
  • on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as
  • research (first during his stay in Southampton with Sara and William Darwin in May and then while on
  • when you are not likely to make money’ (Emma Darwin to Sara Darwin, [1 July 1879] (DAR 219.1: 123)). …

Darwin in public and private


Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … The following extracts and selected letters explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual …
  • … Selected letters Letter 1113 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [2 September 1847] …
  • … of dark eyebrows. Letter 489 – Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1859] …
  • … on his life and character. Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] …
  • … progenitor.    Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 8146 – Darwin to Treat, M., [5 January 1872] …
  • … of her work on Drosera. Letter 10546 – Darwin to Editor of The Times , [23 June …
  • … progress of physiology. Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] …
  • … she and her new husband, William, were on their honeymoon. Sara expresses anxiety about her domestic …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep


In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to
  • in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to
  • plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as
  • from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish
  • would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his
  • birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it wasmore
  • Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to
  • Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and
  • were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [187880] ). While Darwin was studying the function of
  • on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves
  • after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the
  • precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the
  • that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having
  • moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained
  • instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had
  • ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my
  • 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their
  • to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later
  • not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is
  • had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats
  • we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong
  • me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day
  • day &amp; never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachss
  • Cieselski &amp; read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs
  • de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am
  • several weeks in Southampton with William and his wife Sara, and visits to the Wedgwoods at Leith

Darwin’s reading notebooks


In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 20 hits

  • In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished
  • used these notebooks extensively in dating and annotating Darwins letters; the full transcript
  • … *128). For clarity, the transcript does not record Darwins alterations. The spelling and
  • book had been consulted. Those cases where it appears that Darwin made a genuine deletion have been
  • a few instances, primarily in theBooks Readsections, Darwin recorded that a work had been
  • of the books listed in the other two notebooks. Sometimes Darwin recorded that an abstract of the
  • own. Soon after beginning his first reading notebook, Darwin began to separate the scientific
  • the second reading notebook. Readers primarily interested in Darwins scientific reading, therefore, …
  • editorsidentification of the book or article to which Darwin refers. A full list of these works is
  • page number (or numbers, as the case may be) on which Darwins entry is to be found. The
  • in the bibliography that other editions were available to Darwin. While it is likely that Darwin
  • where we are not certain that the work cited is the one Darwin intended, we have prefixed the
  • mark. Complete or partial runs of journals which Darwin recorded as having read or skimmed
  • to the journal appear, and the location of abstracts in the Darwin archive and journals included in
  • no means a complete representation of the books and journals Darwin read. The Darwin archive
  • are not found listed here. The description given by Francis Darwin of his fathers method of
  • number and the general orientation of the works upon which Darwin drew, particularly in the process
  • Autobiography , p. 119). †The scientific books in Darwins library were catalogued in 1875, …
  • by H. W. Rutherford ( Catalogue of the library of Charles Darwin now in the Botany School, …
  • equestrian people of Paraguay . Translated from Latin [by Sara Coleridge]. 3 vols. London119: …