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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of his cirripede monographs. Our poor dear dear child has had a very short life but I …
  • … float, also drawing the botanist Miles Joseph Berkeley, his friend Hooker, and various readers of …
  • … and ducks, Darwin also relied upon the good nature of his friend and relative William Darwin Fox, …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 28 hits

  • … Hooker, Hugh Falconer, Louis Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, …
  • … original and dangerous theory of natural selection to his friend, the botanist, Joseph D Hooker …
  • … a murder. DARWIN:   7   January 1844. My dear Hooker. I have been …engaged in a …
  • … DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My dear [Dr Gray]. I hope you will remember that I had the …
  • … GRAY:   9   May 22 nd 1855. Harvard University. My Dear Sir, I remember with much pleasure …
  • … me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I really hardly know how to …
  • … sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What a remarkably nice and kind …
  • … my stomach surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing …
  • … most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your indefinite answers are …
  • … is a professional botanist HOOKER:   23   Dear Darwin, I have finished the reading …
  • … about species before… DARWIN:  24   My dear Hooker… you cannot imagine how pleased I …
  • … and invitations. DARWIN:  29   My dear Gray I was very glad to get your photograph …
  • … life in the country. GRAY:   32   My dear Mr Darwin… [I received] your photograph, …
  • … am well pleased to have. DARWIN:  33   My dear Hooker. Thanks, also, for [your] …
  • … or stupid or affected. DARWIN:  35   My dear Dr. Gray… I must send you my thanks and …
  • … already said too much. GRAY:   38   My dear Mr Darwin… I did not know at all that …
  • … challenging, but he does not reject it. GRAY: My dear Mr Darwin… I never yet saw any …
  • … circle. He preambles… DARWIN:  43   My dear Gray. Permit me to tell you, that …
  • … or assistance. To give one example, the last time I saw my dear old friend Falconer, he attacked me …
  • … DARWIN: Now when I see such strong feeling in my oldest friend, you need not wonder that I always …
  • … under Pontius Pilate; … DARWIN:  47   My dear Gray… It is very unlikely, but if by …
  • … I found myself mistaken and punished;  55   My good dear friend, forgive me. This is a trumpery …
  • … the more thoughtful. HOOKER:   57   My dear Dr Gray… I shall be glad of your …
  • … liberally… DARWIN:   63   My dear Gray. I have directed a copy of my Book … on the …
  • … highest authority on such subjects, and he said lately to a friend, who wrote to me, as follows. …
  • … with this population, I see not.  121   Your cordial friend and true Yankee, Asa Gray. …
  • … Hooker is pale. HOOKER:   153   Dear dear friend. My darling little second girl …
  • … hernia. DARWIN:   154   My dear old friend… HOOKER:   155   I tried …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Dealtry, William (1) Dear Friend (6) …
  • … Lewes, G. H. (11) Lewin, Friend (1) …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … number ’ of the corrections and suggestions of his ‘ dear coadjutor & fellow-labourer ’, and …
  • … some less so. ‘Almost thou persuadest me’ wrote his old friend Asa Gray, ‘to have been “ a hairy …
  • … had sketched the vestigial ‘Woolnerian tip’ of a friend’s ear , and Darwin both revised his …

Expression

Summary

Darwin's interest in emotional expression can be traced as far back as the Beagle voyage. He was fascinated by the different sounds and gestures among the peoples of Tierra del Fuego, and on his return from the voyage he started recording observations…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Henry Maudsley who forwarded Darwin's queries to his friend, James Crichton Browne, the …
  • … refused to accept payment: ' So you will understand, dear Sir, that between men of science the …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … books raised. On 22 April, he told his old Shropshire friend Thomas Eyton , who had evidently …
  • … voting scheduled for 3 February, Darwin reassured his close friend Joseph Hooker that he and Francis …
  • … complaining, ‘it kills me,—not but what I withstood poor dear Hackels bellowing at us yesterday very …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, …
  • … sent back his own to the publishers, he applied first to his friend Joseph Dalton Hooker, and …
  • … help of his daughter Henrietta, whom he thought  ‘a good dear girl to take so sweetly all the horrid …
  • … this case you would I feel sure, no longer treat me as your friend, and you would free yourself at …
  • … through William Walter Roberts, a Catholic priest and friend of Mivart’s, who was attending Huxley’s …
  • … third son Francis married Amy Ruck, the sister of a friend of Leonard Darwin’s in the Royal …
  • … ; letter from Michael Foster, 17 June [1874] ). Friend and patron Darwin championed …
  • … on a more personal level, Darwin took care of his close friend Hooker, who stayed at Down after his …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … , to Thomas Henry Huxley for evaluation, and persuaded his friend Joseph Dalton Hooker to comment on …
  • … deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend of Darwin’s and prominent …
  • … all kinds has perished with him. He was always a most kind friend to me. So the world goes.—’ ( …
  • … Society on 2 February, and in April Darwin wrote to his friend Asa Gray, a botanist in the United …
  • … July 1865 ). This may have been unwise: Thomas Thomson, a friend of Hooker’s, described by him as a …
  • … expect from their private communications; Lubbock, a younger friend, had been encouraged and …
  • … Darwin was consulting, or encouraging George to consult, a friend, the civil engineer Edward Cresy, …
  • … are ennuied—so I have not heart to write— GoodBye | My dear old man | C. Darwin.’ …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Other than a small group of curious letters written to his 'Dear Friend' in 1821 …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … it Please God)  [14]  — Constant companion, (& friend in old age) who will feel interested in …
  • … [14] ‘it’  interl. [15] ‘(& friend in old age)’  and  ‘—better than a dog anyhow.—’ …
  • … of working [‘in’  del ] without sympathy from near & dear friends—who are near & dear

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … volume should be affordable: ‘do you not think 6s is too dear for a cheap Edit? Would not 5s be …
  • … ).  Riviere had been suggested to Darwin by a family friend, Eleanor Bonham-Carter, and Darwin’s …
  • … when a long-simmering dispute involving his close friend Joseph Dalton Hooker came to a head.  …
  • … diverging views Indignation on behalf of another friend, although in a rather more self …
  • … many friendships, old and new, throughout the year. `Dear Mr Darwin, I have nothing to do, so …
  • … names of friends and family members than usual. One such old friend was Sarah Haliburton, née Owen, …
  • … sent a copy of  Expression  to another old Cambridge friend, John Maurice Herbert, who when they …

What did Darwin believe?

Summary

What did Darwin really believe about God? the Christian revelation? the implications of his theory of evolution for religious faith? These questions were asked again and again in the years following the publication of Origin of species (1859). They are…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the mathematician George Boole, died in 1864. Dear Sir Will you excuse my …
  • … your opinions from the fear of giving me pain … my own dear Charley we now do belong to each other …
  • … does no good, only causes pain. I feel sure that our good friend Huxley, though he has much …

Visiting the Darwins

Summary

'As for Mr Darwin, he is entirely fascinating…'  In October 1868 Jane Gray and her husband spent several days as guests of the Darwins, and Jane wrote a charming account of the visit in a sixteen-page letter to her sister.  She described Charles…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … November 1868: Down Oct.28th—’68— Dear Sue, I was in too much of a hurry …
  • … came lunch & a good bye to our most delightful visit & these dear, charming people—”I will …
  • … by Mr. Carey, when he came from London about dusk. He has a dear little girl about 14, who looked so …
  • … Hooker including a note to her from Lady Rogers, saying a friend of theirs, Mr. Church, was coming …
  • … England grows short— This morng. came your letter, dear Sue, & accounts of a snow-storm! …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … with Darwin addressing his younger colleague as ‘my dear Huxley’ for the first time in a letter of …
  • … wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” Over the years, Huxley made a number …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Charles Darwin’s daughter Henrietta wrote the following journal entries in March and July 1871 in a small lockable, leather-bound notebook now in the Darwin Archive of Cambridge University Library (DAR 247). They are published in volume 19 of The…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discussed in the first entry and attended by Henrietta’s friend and relative Emily Caroline (Lena) …
  • … about. I hope I have been worth while to my own dear people— but they are so good. Just at …
  • … I shd be a nice sort of person to marry. How sweet my dear Eupha^13^ was. Hope^14^ too—but …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … final proofs of  Descent  in December, he wrote to his friend Charles Lyell, ‘thank all the powers …
  • … the Darwinian theory which it contains. . . . The views of friend Wallace are so plausible & …
  • … that Pusey came to London to ascertain from a trustworthy friend who were the blackest heretics out …
  • … with joy when I saw you; & saw you in the midst of a dear family party & solaced at every …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the causes and laws of variation. brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules …
  • … which to me is a most interesting subject & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ …
  • … of  Origin  allowed Darwin to respond to his former friend, and now bitter antagonist, Richard …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … As a students, Jan Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his …
  • … who had just given birth to twins: I once lost a dear & good girl, & know what a …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a significant part in Darwin's life and work, becoming a friend, trusted supporter, populariser …
  • … step”. He signed himself, with unusual formality, “My dear Sir John, yours sincerely”. By …
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