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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … "A child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … Allen, Grant (13) Allen, J. A. (b) (1) …
  • … Lionel (1) Asher, G. M. (7) Ashley, …
  • … Athenæum (11) Atkin, J. R. (1) …
  • … Ayres, W. P. (1) B. J. Edwards & Co. (1) …
  • … Baranoff, W. (2) Barber, M. E. (1) …
  • … Bates, H. W. (91) Bathoe, M. B. (1) …
  • … Baxter, E. B. (1) Baxter, M. L. (1) …
  • … William (7) Baynes, H. M. (1) Baynes …
  • … C. F. (1) Berkeley, M. J. (12) …
  • … Institut (1) Biddulph, F. M. (1) …
  • … Henty, William (3) Herbert, H. H. M. (1) …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can
  • … `big book’,  Natural selection , begun in 1856Coming hard on the heels of  The descent of man
  • as evolution’ ( letter to ARWallace,  27 July [1872] ). By the end of the year Darwin
  • 5s be better? . . . The public are accustomed to novels for 1s’, he wrote to Murray on 8 January
  • price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from RFCooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely
  • as I can make it’, he wrote to the translator ( letter to JJMoulinié, 23 September 1872 ). He
  • by the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war in July 1870, and was now halted so that the further
  • of the year ( letter from C.-FReinwald, 23 November 1872 ). To persuade his US publisher, …
  • anatomist St George Jackson Mivart ( letter to St GJMivart,  11 January [1872] ). A
  • am made to appear’, complained Darwin ( letter to St GJMivart, 5 January 1872 ). Piqued, …
  • … `fundamental intellectual errors’ ( letter from St GJMivart, 6 January 1872 ). Darwin
  • to think he felt friendly towards me’ ( letter to St GJMivart, 8 January [1872] ).  Despite
  • if only `in another world’ ( letter from St GJMivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined
  • …  but asked Mivart not to acknowledge it ( letter to St GJMivart, 11 January [1872] ). 'I
  • selection is somewhat under a cloud’, he wrote to JETaylor on 13 January , and he complained
  • rather than offended by `that clever book’ ( letter to JMHerbert, 21 November 1872 ) and
  • was Darwins wholeheartedly partisan reply ( letter to JDHooker, 14 May 1872 ). On 13 June, a
  • to make one turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to JDHooker, 12 July [1872] ). …
  • Lord Sackville Cecil, to attend a séance ( letter from MCStanley, 4 June 1872 ). There was
  • others described the way their hands blushed (letter from MISnow, 29 [November 1872 or later] …
  • Expression  to another old Cambridge friend, John Maurice Herbert, who when they were students had
  • life which surprised & gratified me more’ ( letter to JMHerbert, 21 November 1872 ).  Fox

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

‘My heart & soul care for worms & nothing else in this world,’ Darwin wrote to his old Shrewsbury friend Henry Johnson on 14 November 1880. Darwin became fully devoted to earthworms in the spring of the year, just after finishing the manuscript of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Erasmus’s life and other bits of family history. On 1 January , a distant cousin, Charles …
  • … to his daughter Henrietta ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 1 February [1880] ). ‘The world will only …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 20 hits

  • In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he
  • to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 31928). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in
  • A previous transcript of the reading notebooks (Vorzimmer 1977) included only theBooks Read’ …
  • … [A. von Humboldt 1811] Richardsons Fauna Borealis [J. Richardson 182937] …
  • Paper on consciousness in brutes Blackwood June 1838 [J. F. Ferrie 1838]. H. C. Watson on
  • 1823] of range of plants. 13 Books quoted by Herbert [Herbert 1837] p. 338 Schiede
  • 1826]— has remarks on acclimatizing of plants. Herbert [Herbert 1837] p. 348 gives reference
  • Read M r  Bennetts & other Edit. by Hon. & Rev. W. Herbert.— notes to White Nat. Hist of
  • what have they written.? “Hunt” [J. Hunt 1806] p. 290
  • chiefly on distribution of forms said to be Poor Sir. J. Edwards Botanical Tour [?J. E. Smith
  • Butler. 3. first sermons [Butler 1834] recommended by Sir. J. Mackintosh J. Long Moral Nature
  • 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. Coll. of Surgeons) M.M Turpin & Poiteau Traité des arbres
  • Life of Haydn & Mozart [Beyle 1817] —— Herbert on Hybrid mixture [Herbert 1837]— marginal
  • letters of M r  Knight July 8 th  M.S. Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] …
  • Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar ]. Vol 1to 7. M.S. Translat.— from 1740. 2 d . vol
  • Selbourn by Bennett [E. T. Bennett ed. 1837], notes by W. Herbert, Rennie [J. Rennie] ed. 1833]. …
  • 1854 Jan 15. Seemans Narrative of H.M.S. Herald [Seeman 1853]. Feb 6. Wallace
  • Belcher, Edward. 1848Narrative of the voyage of H.M.S.   Samarang during the years 184346; …
  • 1850The life and correspondence of Andrew Combe,   M.D.  Edinburgh128: 5 Conrad, …
  • Narrative of a voyage round the world, performed in H.M.S.   Sulphur,   183642 . 2 vols. …

New material added to the American edition of Origin

Summary

A ‘revised and augmented’ American edition of Origin came on the market in July 1860, and was the only authorised edition available in the US until 1873. It incorporated many of the changes Darwin made to the second English edition, but still contained…

Matches: 17 hits

  • to chapter 4 onNatural selection’ ( ibid ., pp. 116*–121*) The final list of changes
  • to Grays proposal in his letter of 21 December [1859] ( Correspondence vol. 7): I shd
  • their response to Darwin (see letters from Asa Gray, [10 January 1860], [17 January 1860], and 23
  • of stereotyping (see letter from Asa Gray, 23 January [1860] and n. 2). The firm agreed, however, to
  • the modification of species (two letters to Baden Powell, 18 January 1860), Darwin subsequently
  • this off to Gray enclosed in his letter of [8 or 9 February 1860]. He had earlier sent Gray some
  • given by Hewett Cottrell Watson in his letter of [3? January 1860]) that Darwin wanted inserted at
  • to make in the American edition in the letter to Lyell, 18 [and 19 February 1860]. Darwin suggested
  • Edition with additional corrections” (letter to Asa Gray, 1 February [1860]). By 1 May 1860, …
  • prise sur lui.’’ In England, the Hon. and Rev. W. Herbert, afterwards Dean of Manchester, in
  • removing prejudices. In 1846, the veteran geologist, M. J. dOmalius dHalloz, published in
  • the author first promulgated this opinion in 1831. M. Isidore Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, in his
  • chaque espèce, tant quelle se perpétue au millieu des mmes circonstances, ils se modifient, si les
  • peuvent être de valeur générique .’’ Mr. Herbert Spencer, in an Essay (originally
  • by gradation. In 1852 (Revue Horticole, p. 102), M. Naudin, a distinguished botanist, * …
  • how selection can act under nature. He believes, like Dean Herbert, that species when nascent were
  • … (vol. i. pp. 500510), published in 1794. * M. Lecoq, another French botanist, entertains, …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Moggridge, and Ernst Haeckel, and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s …
  • … & what is delightful, I am able to write easy work for about 1½ hours every day’ ( letter to H. …
  • … ‘survival of the fittest’, an expression first used by Herbert Spencer in an 1864 instalment of  …
  • … the support of prominent individuals. Darwin was asked by Herbert Spencer to sign a list of …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and momentous conviction that species were mutable (S. Herbert 1980, p. 12; Sulloway 1982b). Using …
  • … The letters about Kemp’s seeds and the William Herbert correspondence, which was mainly concerned …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … physiologist George John Romanes wrote a long letter to Herbert Spencer about Darwin’s discussion of …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bernard had reached an altogether more advanced stage. ‘Herbert Spencer says in his new book ‘Data …
  • … about the nature of Malcolm Guthrie’s critique of Herbert Spencer’s views of the theory of natural …

Darwin in letters, 1881: Old friends and new admirers

Summary

In May 1881, Darwin, one of the best-known celebrities in England if not the world, began writing about all the eminent men he had met. He embarked on this task, which formed an addition to his autobiography, because he had nothing else to do. He had…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … he become a British Museum trustee; and he would not join Herbert Spencer’s Anti-Aggression League …
  • … would be with a less intelligent man’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, 1 July [1881] ). Despite this, …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … could be transmitted to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). …
  • … “When I have an attack”, George complained, “I’m to starve sweat & purge it away” ( letter from …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … example, at least one of the references to Lamouroux (DAR 30.1: 48 v.) contains material that is not …
  • … Naturelle  3 (1834): 84–115. (DAR 37.1: 677v.; letter to J. S. Henslow, 12 July 1835). * …
  • … (Vols. 1 and 2, in one, 3d edition, inscribed from J. S. Henslow to CD ‘on his departure’, September …
  • … des polypiers.  Paris, 1821. (DAR 30.1: 13v.; letter to J. S. Henslow, 24 July – 7 November 1834). …
  • … . .  Vol. 1. London, 1832. (DAR 30.1: 2v.; letter to J. M. Herbert, 2 June 1833). Ulloa, A. …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • … him a great service by introducing him to the psychology of Herbert Spencer. Letter 7624 …
  • … with her father. Letter 7651 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, H. E., [1 April 1871] …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on Variation . He has received the review of Herbert Spencer but cannot believe Gray wrote …