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Darwin Correspondence Project

Expression questionnaire

'Is astonishment expressed by the eyes and mouth being open wide, and by the eyebrows being raised?' 

This was one of a list of very precise questions Darwin circulated for his research on the expression of emotions.  Handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 and they were later revised and printed for ease of distribution. The recipients included colleagues, friends, and relations, but he also mobilised a network of diplomats, travellers, missionaries, merchants, naturalists, and engineers around the world. The map shows the global scope of Darwin's questionnaire. The responses described expression in remote peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, China, Ceylon, southern and western Africa, North and South America, and became valuable data for his book, The expression of the emotions in man and animals (1872).


Kolkata, India

26 April 2017

Expression and beard hair colour

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Amoy (Xiamen), China

26 April 2017

Careful observations

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Hokkaido, Japan

26 April 2017

Ainu people

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Gold Coast (Ghana), Africa

26 April 2017

Beauty

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Northern Gabon

26 April 2017

Amazement

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North bank, London

26 April 2017

Simian blush

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Hanover Square, London

26 April 2017

Screaming under chloroform

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Abbey Place, London

26 April 2017

Huxley baby

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Rutland Gate, London

26 April 2017

Blubbering children

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Cojata, Peru

26 April 2017

Aymara people

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