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Darwin Correspondence Project

From Robert Swinhoe   14 March 1871

33 Oakley Square | Chelsea SW.

14 March, 1871.

My dear Mr. Darwin,

I do not distinctly recollect, but I have an idea that a stoop is affected which would throw up the shoulders a little. I never saw a Chinaman throw up his shoulders in the emphatic way a Frenchman does, or in the cringing manner of a Bengalie.1

If you will kindly send me another copy of the Queries on Expression I will make some more efforts to answer them in view of the people at Ningpo (below Shanghai), to which Port I am now appointed Consul.2 I leave England by the Southampton Mail of the 1st. of April next, and my address will be, RS.

H.M. Consul



Never forget to work me if I can be of the slightest use to you. I am always at your service.

With many thanks for your kind wishes, | I remain, | Your’s very sincerely, | Robert Swinhoe.


In Expression, pp. 264–72, CD discussed the shrugging of shoulders and cited Swinhoe for information on Chinese practice (ibid., p. 269). No letter from CD to Swinhoe on the subject has been found.
Ning-po is now Ningbo. CD had sent Swinhoe a copy of his Queries on expression in 1867 (see Correspondence vol. 15, letter to Robert Swinhoe, [27 February 1867], and letter from Robert Swinhoe, 5 August 1867).


Correspondence: The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. 27 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–.

Expression: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872.


Is leaving for Ningpo; asks CD for another copy of his [Queries about expression], which he will try to answer.

Letter details

Letter no.
Robert Swinhoe
Charles Robert Darwin
Sent from
London, Oakley Square, 33
Source of text
DAR 177: 335
Physical description

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 7580,” accessed on 3 August 2020,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 19