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To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   10 July 1848

Summary

Is pleased to support SPW’s application for a position in the fossil department at the British Museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  10 July 1848
Classmark:  British Museum (Central Archive Staff Applications and Testimonials: S. P. Woodward CE33/710/45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1189A

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   21 March [1850]

Summary

Thanks SPW for his history of Aptychus, which makes A. D. d’Orbigny’s view [that it is a cirripede] improbable. [See Fossil Cirripedia 1: 3.]

Specimens SPW sent are very useful and interesting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  21 Mar [1850]
Classmark:  Barbara and Robert Pincus (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1314

To S. P. Woodward   [April 1850 – January 1851]

Summary

Thanks JWF and G. R. Waterhouse for cirripede specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  [Apr 1850 – Jan 1851]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13807

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   3 March [1851]

Summary

Cirripede fossil specimens returned.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  3 Mar [1851]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1392

To S. P. Woodward   9 June [1851]

Summary

Asks for reference to article by Kölliker, ["Some observations on the structure of two new species of Hectocotyle", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 22 (1851): 9–22]. Asks for information.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  9 June [1851]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1435

To S. P. Woodward   6 May 1854

Summary

CD expresses his inability to accept the view that the Hippuritidae are in any way a connecting link between the oysters and the barnacles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  6 May 1854
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (1909: 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1570

From S. P. Woodward   [after 4 June 1856]

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Summary

Note on cases of representative shells that are not clearly either varieties or species.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 4 June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 403
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1807

From Samuel Pickworth Woodward   2 May 1856

Summary

Proportion of molluscan species to genera in various periods. The difficulty of determining species increases with the number of species per genus. Identifying species within a genus is most difficult in that period in which the genus shows its greatest development.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1856
Classmark:  DAR 181: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1864

To S. P. Woodward   15 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks for Supplement to SPW’s Manual of the Mollusca [1851–6]. Praises SPW’s work. "What an amount of labour is condensed in your little volume! … I fully believe & hope that you will reap the only reward worth having, the consciousness that you have done good service to the cause of Science."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  15 May [1856]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (21 March 1966)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1875

To S. P. Woodward   27 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks for answer to query. "I see … that there is no hope of comparing the same genus at two different periods, and seeing whether the tendency to vary is greater at one period in such genus than at another period."

Inclined to dispute SPW’s doctrine that islands are generally ancient. Doubts that they are remnants of continents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  27 May [1856]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum, General Special Collections (DC AL 1/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1879

To S. P. Woodward   3 June [1856]

Summary

Comments on SPW’s book [Manual of Mollusca (1851–6)].

Mentions questions he has for SPW [see 1890].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  3 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1886

From S. P. Woodward   4 June 1856

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Summary

SPW and Waterhouse agree on island faunas; gives Australia and Tasmania as examples. The "stream of migration" from Asia to Tasmania.

Looks forward eagerly to the publication of CD’s "specific" researches.

Invites CD to send his memoranda [on Manual of Mollusca].

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1889

To S. P. Woodward   [after 4 June 1856]

Summary

Queries from CD on the distribution of molluscan genera referring to SPW’s Manual of the Mollusca [pt 3 (1856)], with SPW’s answers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  [after 4 June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 72: 59–61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1890

From S. P. Woodward   15 July 1856

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Summary

Has reduced 20 Cyrena species to geographical varieties of one species, Cyrena fluminalis. Hooker is reducing Indian flora at the rate of 19 to 1.

Recommends W. H. Harvey’s Seaside book [1849] and Charles Pickering’s Races of man [1850].

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1927

From S. P. Woodward   [15 July 1856]

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Summary

Lists Lusitanian shells with wide ranges beyond that geographical province.

Antiquity and elevation of land mass is more important than latitude for the distribution of shells.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 July 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 305
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1928

To S. P. Woodward   18 July 1856

Summary

Thanks for information about variability in shells.

Comments on Harvey’s Seaside book [1849].

"I am growing as bad as the worst about species and hardly have a vestige of belief in the permanence of species left in me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  18 July 1856
Classmark:  DAR 148: 378
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1931

DCP-LETT-2348

Summary

Reports mangrove seedlings drifting at sea in letter of 26 October 1858.

Author:  James S Wilson
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2348

To S. P. Woodward   9 [July 1860]

Summary

Regrets he cannot answer SPW’s questions.

Discusses antiquity of subaerial volcanoes.

Disagrees "entirely & absolutely" with L. von Buch’s "elevation-crater-theory".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  9 [July 1860]
Classmark:  The Natural History Museum (Gen. lib. MSS/ DAR: 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2630

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   6 March [1860]

Summary

Will be glad to have SPW’s criticisms of Origin.

Discusses his use of terms, "typical" and "specialisation".

Emphasises large body of facts explained by his theory of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  6 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2724

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   5 June [1861]

Summary

Gives directions to Down. Would be happy to see SPW but regrets they "have no attractions".

Agrees about colonisation of Arctic region.

CD thought that his St Helena land shells had quite recently become embedded; his specimens are at the Geological Society.

Can SPW ask A. Günther for any references to Silurus escaping from the Danube?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  5 June [1861]
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS. 42579, ff. 230–32b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3043
Document type
letter (25)
Date
1843 (2)
1848 (1)
1850 (2)
1851 (2)
1854 (1)
1856 (10)
1860 (2)
1861 (2)
1863 (2)
1882 (1)
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