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From Herbert Spencer   7 July 1875

Summary

Thanks CD for his new volume [Insectivorous plants].

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 177: 234
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10049

To Herbert Spencer   13 November 1875

Summary

CD cannot remember whether he was on the committee of the Jamaica affair [for prosecution of Governor Eyre in 1866] but he subscribed £10.

It is curious and amusing how positivists hate all men of science, possibly because their prophet [Comte] made laughable and gigantic blunders in predicting the course of science.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  13 Nov 1875
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10258

From Herbert Spencer   22 September 1881

Summary

Sends CD a circular [missing] and asks whether he will add his name to group [Anti-Aggression League].

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 202: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13351

To Herbert Spencer   [after 22 September 1881]

Summary

Although he agrees with the object of HS’s league he will not join until he has seen how it works.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  [after 22 Sept 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 122v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13352

To Herbert Spencer   11 March [1856]

Summary

Thanks for copy of HS’s Principles of psychology [1855].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  11 Mar [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 484a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1841

To Herbert Spencer   25 November [1858]

Summary

Thanks for HS’s Essays: [scientific, political, and speculative, vol. 1 (1858)]. Admires his general argument for the development theory.

CD is preparing an abstract on change of species. He treats subject as a naturalist, not from a general point of view. Otherwise he might have quoted HS’s argument to great advantage.

CD particularly liked articles on music and style. Expression is a favourite topic with CD. Agrees all expression is biological.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  25 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2373

To Herbert Spencer   2 February [1860]

Summary

Has prepared a historical sketch [of writers on origin of species] for foreign editions of Origin. It includes HS. He was too ill to provide it for the 1st ed.

Sorry Murray has not sent HS his copy of Origin, as he was instructed.

Huxley will put CD and E. A. Darwin down for HS’s gigantic [publishing] programme. Suggests Dr Drysdale be approached about it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  2 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/47)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2680

From Herbert Spencer   22 February 1860

Summary

CD has caused a great change in HS’s views, in showing how a great proportion of adaptation should be explained by natural selection not direct adaptation to changing conditions. HS had remarked on the survival of the best individuals as a cause of improvement in man, but he "& every one" overlooked selection of spontaneous variation. Believes so many kinds of indirect evidence must add up to a conclusive demonstration of the doctrine.

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal V, pp. 107–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2706B

To Herbert Spencer   23 [February 1860]

Summary

HS put the case of selection strikingly and clearly in his article [Anonymous, "A theory of population, deduced from the general law of animal fertility", Westminster Rev. 57 (1852): 468–501]. Of CD’s numerous private critics only HS has rendered the philosophy fairly: his argument is an hypothesis that explains groups of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  23 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS. 791/51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3126

From Herbert Spencer   22 April 1865

Summary

Wonders whether CD might contribute, if possible, an occasional letter to the Reader to help in their effort to establish the journal.

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 225
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4817

From Herbert Spencer   2 November 1866

Summary

Asks whether CD will add his name to a list supporting them in the "[Edward John] Eyre prosecution matter".

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1866
Classmark:  DAR 177: 226
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5265

To Herbert Spencer   9 December [1867]

Summary

Thanks for copy of HS’s First principles [? 2d ed. (1867)].

Comments on HS’s Principles of biology [1864, 1867].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  9 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 485a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5717

From Herbert Spencer   8 February 1868

Summary

Thanks CD for copy of Variation.

Discusses Pangenesis and considers CD’s "gemmules" comparable to his own hypothetical "physiological units" ["On alleged ""spontaneous generation"", and on the hypothesis of physiological units", appendix in The principles of biology, vol. 1 (1864)].

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 177: 227
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5851

From Herbert Spencer   3 March 1871

Summary

Thanks CD for copy of Descent; wishes it had appeared earlier so that he could have made use of the facts in his Principles of psychology [2d ed. (1870–2)].

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7540

From Herbert Spencer   2 May 1871

Summary

Intends to answer Sir A. Grant’s article if CD does not. [A. Grant, "Philosophy and Mr Darwin", Contemp. Rev. 17 (1871): 274–81; H. Spencer, "Mental evolution", Contemp. Rev. 17 (1871): 461–2.]

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7734

To Herbert Spencer   10 June [1872]

Summary

Expresses his "unbounded admiration" for HS’s article on Martineau ["Mr Martineau on evolution", Contemp. Rev. 20 (1872): 141–54]

and his article on sociology [Contemp. Rev. 19 (1872): 701–18]. CD never believed in the reigning influence of great men on the world’s progress but could not have given his reasons. "Now every one with eyes to see and ears to hear . . . ought to bow their knee to you, as I for one do."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  10 June [1872]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS791/80)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8380

From Herbert Spencer   12 June 1872

Summary

HS hopes in the future to show more fully "absolute emptiness" of James Martineau’s propositions; is glad CD approved of his article dealing with JM’s arguments. [J. Martineau, "The place of mind in nature", Contemp. Rev. 19 (1872): 606–23; H. Spencer, "Mr Martineau on evolution", Contemp. Rev. 20 (1872): 141–54.]

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1872
Classmark:  DAR 177: 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8384

From Herbert Spencer   16 November 1872

Summary

Thanks CD for Expression. Disagrees with his views on the genesis of melody; HS gives some reasons for believing it to originate in the natural cadences of emotional speech.

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 177: 231
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8631

From Herbert Spencer   26 April 1873

Summary

Wants to use CD’s support to put pressure on Michael Foster to enable Huxley to take an immediate holiday.

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 177: 232
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8883

To Herbert Spencer   21 August [1873]

Summary

Thanks for copy of HS’s Descriptive sociology [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  21 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/322)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9019
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letter (23)
Addressee
Correspondent
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1856 (1)
1858 (1)
1860 (3)
1865 (1)
1866 (1)
1867 (1)
1868 (1)
1871 (2)
1872 (3)
1873 (3)
1874 (2)
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