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From Arthur Nicols   [before 10 November 1875]

Summary

Discusses his ambitions.

Writes of rats that gnaw through lead pipes to find water.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 10 Nov 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10253

From Arthur Nicols   10 November 1875

Summary

Apologises for troubling CD to look for his lost MS.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 172: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10255

From Arthur Nicols   8 December 1875

Summary

He will repeat his experiments on the cat’s sense of smell.

The intelligence of rats is shown by their gnawing through lead pipes to find water.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1875
Classmark:  DAR 172: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10290

From Arthur Nicols   24 February 1876

Summary

Is putting together a natural history book for intelligent children [The puzzle of life (1877)]; would like CD’s opinion on the project in general and on the completed first chapter in particular.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 172: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10408

To Arthur Nicols   [after 24 February 1876]

Summary

Supports AN’s idea [of a natural history book for children].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Date:  [after 24 Feb 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 65/1v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10409

From Arthur Nicols   18 January 1878

Summary

He has obtained further evidence that rats gnaw through lead pipes for water. CD’s opinion that they hear trickling confirms his view that they possess reason.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan 1878
Classmark:  DAR 172: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11324

From Arthur Nicols   15 March 1880

Summary

Sends pheasant tail coverts, which he believes are unusual in pattern, resembling those of a peacock.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1880
Classmark:  DAR 172: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12536

From Arthur Nicols   7 March 1871

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Summary

Referring to CD’s passage on monkeys’ acquiring taste for tea, coffee, and tobacco, AN tells of three monkeys he kept in Australia that developed strong taste for rum and smoking tobacco without being taught in any way [see Descent, 2d ed., p. 7 n.].

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7553

From Arthur Nicols   11 March 1871

Summary

His previous account of Phaseolarctus was based on notes made at the time of observation.

His report of the successful adoption of a koala infant by a cat comes from a trustworthy observer.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 172: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7570

From Arthur Nicols   15 April 1871

Summary

Objects to the negative reviews of Descent, notably in the Athenæum and the Times.

The exceptions are the Academy, Nature, and his own, in the Field [37 (1871): 210].

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 172: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7687

From Arthur Nicols   20 August 1872

Summary

Offers observations on expression in Australian dogs, since he knows CD plans to publish on the subject.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 172: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8477

From Arthur Nicols   23 August 1872

Summary

Doubts reported cases of homing instinct in dogs.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 172: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8484

From Arthur Nicols   21 February 1873

Summary

Comments on CD’s and William Huggins’ letter in Nature on "Inherited instinct" [Collected papers 2: 170–1]

and on A. R. Wallace’s letter on the homing faculty of animals. Believes many instances of homing are less remarkable than they appear.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 172: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8780

From Arthur Nicols   [before 20 March 1873]

Summary

Compares sense of smell in dogs and cats.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 20 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  Nicols 1885, pp. 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8817F

To Arthur Nicols   [20 March 1873]

Summary

Responds to Nichols’ observations on sense of smell in cats and dogs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Date:  [20 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  Nicols 1885, p. 52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8817G

From Arthur Nicols   25 May 1873

Summary

Thanks to CD his candidature for the Zoological Society has been entertained.

Observed a flamingo, at the Zoological Gardens, that vomited on a bustard in answer to the latter’s harsh cries.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 172: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8922
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letter (16)
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1871 (3)
1872 (2)
1873 (4)
1875 (3)
1876 (2)
1878 (1)
1880 (1)
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