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To Journal of Horticulture   [before 14 May 1861]

Summary

Asks D. Beaton whether varieties of the same species of Compositae frequently cross by insect agency or other means. Do the raisers of hollyhocks have to keep each variety separate for raising seed?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 14 May 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman, n.s. 1 (1861): 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3147

To Journal of Horticulture [17 May 1861]

Summary

Thanks Mr Beaton for his answer [to 3147].

Asks further questions on points raised in Beaton’s previous papers: whether crossing white and blue varieties of Anemone apennina produced many pale shades; whether the Mathiola incana and M. glabra which crossed freely were artificially or naturally crossed.

CD is delighted by Beaton’s assertion that "not a flower in a thousand is fertilised by its own immediate pollen".

Recounts his experiments with Leschenaultia formosa to show insect fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [17 May 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 1 (1861): 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3162

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 18 June 1861]

Summary

CD, commenting on a case of peloric flowering in Auricula, urges readers to send in their observations on whether flowers nearest the axis tend to differ from others on the plant. Such a law of variation would be worth discovering.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 18 June 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 1 (1861): 211
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3188

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 9 July 1861]

Summary

CD thanks correspondents for information relating to the fertilisation of Pelargonium and of wheat. Suggests further observations and experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 9 July 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 1 (1861): 280–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3204A

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 10 September 1861]

Summary

Requests the names of the parents of Gladiolus gandavensis and six varieties for the purpose of determining their probable origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 10 Sept 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 1 (1861): 453
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3248A

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 10 June 1862]

Summary

Asks whether any correspondents have observed any sensible differences between the bees kept in different parts of Great Britain. CD has heard from several sources that breeds of bee in different areas vary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 10 June 1862]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 3 (1862): 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3594

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 15 July 1862]

Summary

Is obliged for information concerning differences in the bees of Britain. Relates case of the Jamaican bees which were introduced long ago and have remained the same in size and character except that the diameter of the cells is larger, the wax tougher, and the walls of the hive thicker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 15 July 1862]
Classmark:  Christie’s East (catalogue 26 April 1995: the Philip M. Neufeld collection, pt 2); Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 3 (1862): 305
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3658A

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 22 July 1862]

Summary

Confesses to having made a gross blunder with reference to the size of bee cells in West Indian combs [see 3658a].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 22 July 1862]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 3 (1862): 323
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3661A

To the Journal of Horticulture   [before 22 October 1861]

Summary

Asks H. W. Newman whether the queen humble-bee is fertilised on the ground or in the air, and whether the fertilisation often takes place as late as September. [Newman’s reply follows CD’s letter.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 22 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 2 (1861–2): 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3778

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 25 November 1862]

Summary

Asks correspondents whether any kinds of strawberries now cultivated have been raised from a cross between the wood or alpine strawberry and the scarlet, pine, or Chili strawberry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 25 Nov 1862]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman, n.s. 3 (1862): 672
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3826

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 2 December 1862]

Summary

Asks for authentic information on following questions: 1. Has the weight of the gooseberry variety London subsequently exceeded the 1845 record of 880 grains?

2. Is any record kept of the diameter of the largest pansies?

3. How early does any variety of Dahlia flower and do some varieties withstand frost better than others?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 2 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 3 (1862): 696
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3840

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 27 December 1862]

Summary

Inquires whether penguin ducks can run faster than other kinds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 27 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman n.s. 3 (1862): 797
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3883F

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [before 27 January 1863]

Summary

Remarks on the influence of pollen of one species or variety on the seed and fruit of another while still attached to the female plant. Refers to a remarkable case previously given by D. Beaton and asks whether Beaton will repeat the details.

[CD’s letter is followed by notes by D. Beaton in which he answers CD’s question, dissociating himself from some of his remarks, and in particular denying C. F. v. Gärtner’s claim that colour of one variety of pea can be changed by the direct action of the pollen of a different variety.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 27 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3951

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [before 3 February 1863]

Summary

Answers D. Beaton’s criticism of Gärtner’s work, defending his results in crossing experiments and vindicating the memory of "one of the most laborious lovers of truth who ever lived".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 3 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3966

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [17–24 March 1863]

Summary

Reports the observations of Hermann Crüger and John Scott that fruit is set by orchids whose flowers never open and that pollen-tubes are emitted from pollen-masses still in their proper position. These cases convince CD that in Orchids he underestimated the power of tropical orchids to produce seed without insect aid but he is not shaken in his belief that the structure of the flowers is mainly related to insect agency.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [17–24 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4069

DCP-LETT-3849F

Summary

A response to CD’s inquiry on p. 672 about crossing of Scarlet, Pines, and Chilis with Wood or Alpine strawberries. [See Correspondence 10, letter to Journal of Horticulture, [before 25 November 1862], n. 5.]

Author:  D. of Deal
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  
Classmark:  unknown
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3849F
Document type
letter (16)
Author
Date
1861 (6)
1862 (6)
1863 (3)
1882 (1)
letter