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From Charles Lyell to T. H. Huxley   17 June 1859

Summary

Extended discussion of their respective difficulties with the definition and status of species and with the extent to which the theory of transmutation may be applied.

Has rediscovered S. S. Haldeman’s 1844 paper defending the transmutation theory with great skill.

Asks for reference to Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire’s first enunciation of the progressive development and transmutation theory.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  17 June 1859
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 6: 20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2469A

To T. H. Huxley   15 October [1859]

Summary

Origin is finished.

Asks for names of foreign speculative naturalists.

Hopes THH will think he is on right road despite errors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  15 Oct [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 70)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2505

From T. H. Huxley   23 November 1859

Summary

Has just finished Origin. CD has demonstrated a true cause for the production of species.

CD has loaded himself with unnecessary difficulty in adopting natura non facit saltum.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1859
Classmark:  DAR 98: B11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2544

To T. H. Huxley   24 [November 1859]

Summary

Murray has sold out Origin; wants a new edition immediately.

Asks THH to check whether Geoffroy de St Hilaire is correct [form of name].

Would be grateful for THH’s impressions on the truth of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  24 [Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 4 (EH 88205939)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2550

To T. H. Huxley   25 November [1859]

Summary

THH’s letter about the Origin makes CD feel like a Catholic who has received extreme unction. Can now sing nunc dimittis. Had determined to abide by judgment of Lyell, Hooker, and THH.

Problem of how variations arise at all troubles him also.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  25 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 72)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2553

To T. H. Huxley   25 November [1859]

Summary

Rejoices over THH’s lecture ["On species and races, and their origin", 10 Feb 1860, Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200] to be given at Royal Institution. Offers pigeon illustrations.

Adam Sedgwick has sent a "slashing" letter [2548] about Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  25 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2554

To T. H. Huxley   27 November [1859]

Summary

Sends references for materials useful for THH’s lecture.

Breeding and crossing. Pigeon fanciers.

Responses to Origin: A. C. Ramsay, Charles Kingsley, Quatrefages de Bréau.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  27 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 76)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2558

To T. H. Huxley   [5 December 1859]

Summary

Thanks for THH’s review of Origin in Macmillan’s Magazine ["Time and life: Mr Darwin’s Origin of Species", 1 (1859–60): 142–8]. Reception of natural selection will depend on whether it explains the recognised laws in the several fields of natural history.

Domestic variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [5 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2572

To T. H. Huxley   [9 December 1859]

Summary

Sends enclosure [unspecified].

Reminds THH to mention [German] translation [of Origin] when he writes to R. A. von Kölliker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [9 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2574

To T. H. Huxley   13 December [1859]

Summary

Sends anecdotes and drawings of pigeons for Royal Institution lecture. Offers parts on hybridisation and pigeons from his MS (if THH has patience to read them).

Has heard George Busk is converted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  13 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 82–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2582

To T. H. Huxley   16 December [1859]

Summary

Will bring materials for Royal Institution lecture [when he comes to London].

Plans to bring out separate detailed volumes [on his theory], starting with domestic variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  16 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2585

To T. H. Huxley   24 December [1859]

Summary

Sends MS on pigeons for THH’s lecture at Royal Institution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 221.4: 218 photocopy
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2600

To T. H. Huxley   25 December [1859]

Summary

Henry Holland and others have attacked his reasoning from analogy to one primordial created form – by which CD means only that we know nothing of how life originated. The reasoning seems probable to him, so he has kept it in.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  25 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 90)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2603

To T. H. Huxley   28 December [1859]

Summary

Delighted with Times review [26 Dec 1859]. Puzzled by author, suspects THH, but publication in Times makes it unlikely. Sorry for Owen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  28 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 92)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2611

To Thomas Henry Huxley   1 January [1860]

Summary

Will keep THH’s secret [of authorship of Times review of Origin]. It has made deep impression.

J. D. Dana’s illness.

Daily News accuses him of plagiarising Vestiges.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  1 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives ( Huxley 5: 94)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2633

To T. H. Huxley   9 January [1860]

Summary

Sends ticket to pigeon show.

A quotation from Erasmus Darwin’s Zoonomia [1794, 1796] shows that he anticipated Lamarck.

G. Grote impressed by Times review [26 Dec 1859, p. 8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2646

To T. H. Huxley   11 January [1860]

Summary

On the problem of want of sterility in crosses of domestic varieties. Refers to discussion in Origin, pp. 267–72 ["Fertility of varieties when crossed"]. We do not know precise cause of sterility in species.

Andrew Murray has attacked Origin [see 2647].

H. C. Watson objects to natural selection on grounds of limitless diversification of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 98)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2649

To T. H. Huxley   21 [January 1860]

Summary

Sends copy of 2d ed. of Origin, with list of corrections.

Is at work on "fuller work" [Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  21 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  Janet Huxley (private collection); Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 102)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2660

To T. H. Huxley   23 January [1863 or 1864]

Summary

THH’s efforts to obtain Copley Medal for CD fail. Thanks THH for kind words of sympathy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  23 Jan [1863-4]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 254)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2662

To T. H. Huxley   [26 January 1860]

Summary

Has arranged with Baily the poulterer for pigeons for THH to exhibit at Royal Institution lecture.

E. A. Darwin will subscribe to H. Spencer’s book [First principles: a system of philosophy (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [26 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 119)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2673
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