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CD memorandum   July 1857


Memorandum about £250 investment in Patent Siliceous Stone Company, owned by David Thomas Ansted and Frederick Ransome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  July 1857
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2115F

To [W. W. Baxter?]   [after June 1857]


Requests a quart of distilled water for photography to be sent in a clean bottle via the postman on the following day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  [after June 1857]
Classmark:  Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation (Archives, Autograph Letters and Manuscripts Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13889F

From Edward Hewitt   18 December 1857


Hybrid varieties of pheasant and common fowl. Reply to CD queries.

Author:  Edward Hewitt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Dec 1857
Classmark:  DAR 166: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1614

To W. E. Darwin   [before 11 September 1857]


Writes of the extension to Down House.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [before 11 Sept 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1619

To W. E. Darwin   [17 February 1857]


Is glad WED is in the sixth [form]. Discusses WED’s intention to become a barrister.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [17 Feb 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1805

To John Innes   [after 16 February 1857]


Recommends he read passages on bees by C. T. E. von Siebold [in On the true parthenogenesis in moths and bees (1857)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  [after 16 Feb 1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.149)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2025

To [W. E. Darwin]   [1857?]


Will be grateful for facts from Mr Linton on numbers of eggs from goldfinch–canary crosses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [1857?]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2029

To Henry Doubleday   [before 5 February 1857]


Have all varieties been bred from the same set of eggs so that there can be no doubt they are all the same species?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Doubleday
Date:  [before 5 Feb 1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2032

To J. D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857]



CD finds Alphonse de Candolle very useful, though JDH has low opinion.

CD argues for accidental introductions explaining some odd distributions, e.g., New Zealand vs Australian plants.

CD’s method.

Diverging affinities in isolated genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 20 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2033

To Asa Gray   1 January [1857]


Thanks AG for 2d part of "Statistics [of the flora of the northern U. S.", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 22 (1856): 204–32; 2d ser. 23 (1857): 62–84, 369–403].

Is glad AG concludes species of large genera are wide-ranging, but is "riled" that he thinks the line of connection of alpine plants is through Greenland. Mentions comparisons of ranges worth investigating.

Believes trees show a tendency toward separation of the sexes and wonders if U. S. species bear this out. Asks which genera are protean in U. S.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2034

From William Henry Harvey   3 January 1857


Sexes of algae.

Author:  William Henry Harvey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1857
Classmark:  DAR 166: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2035

To T. H. Huxley   4 January [1857]


Congratulations [on Mrs H’s delivery].

Balanus balanoides positively identified by CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  4 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 48)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037

To Henry Doubleday   8 January [1857]


Thanks for a kind note, and asks not to answer until better.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Doubleday
Date:  8 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Dr Heather Whitney (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037F

To W. H. Harvey?   7 January [1857]


Thanks for information, which is just the amount he wanted.

Will not go to the BAAS meeting in Dublin: the frightful voyage deters him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Harvey
Date:  7 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Sheffield City Archives (Gatty family autograph albums X561/1/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037G

From Richard Hill   10 January 1857



Will attend to any subject in Jamaica about which CD wants information.

Crithagra brasiliensis and canary refused to pair.

A collection of Jamaican land Mollusca will be presented to the British Museum.

Hurricanes are a considerable influence on diffusion of birds and insects.

Author:  Richard Hill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1857
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2038

From Charles Lyell   [16 January 1857]



Enumerates fossil mammals known in Secondary strata.

Lack of angiosperm plants in rocks older than Chalk is no reason to anticipate rarity of warm-blooded quadrupeds.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 394
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2039

To J. D. Hooker   17 January [1857]



CD will advise W. F. Daniell on collecting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2040

To T. H. Huxley   17 January [1857]


Asks THH question on flow of glaciers after ice has been fractured and fragmented.

CD had to leave Royal Society lecture [joint paper by THH and J. Tyndall, "On the structure and motions of glaciers", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 147 (1857): 327–46] before the end because of headache.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  17 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 1 (EH 88205939)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2041

To J. D. Hooker   20 January [1857]



CD will advise Daniell not to apply for Royal Society grant.

CD’s experiment: fish fed seeds, which germinated when voided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2042

From Henry Doubleday   26 January 1857


Sends specimens of Tortrix, which illustrate the extraordinary variation of markings in two or three species. In every family of Lepidoptera there seem to be species extremely prone to vary and in some localities they vary more than in others.

Author:  Henry Doubleday
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1857
Classmark:  DAR 162: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2044
Document type
letter (178)
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