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From Samuel Butler to the Athenæum   [before 31 January 1880]


Darwin’s ‘Life or Erasmus Darwin’ came out in November 1879, after the March 1879 publication of Samuel Butler’s ‘Evolution Old and New’. CD guarantees accuracy of a translation in the book of an article from Kosmos. CD said article appeared before ‘Evolution Old and New,’ but Butler thinks it takes material from it. Otherwise, CD published another article entirely. Butler strongly criticizes the translation published by CD. Describes correspondence with CD about the matter, and involvement of Pall Mall Gazette.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  [before 31 Jan 1880]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 31 January 1880, p. 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12442F

From Samuel Butler   2 January 1880


Asks CD for reference to the edition of Kosmos that contains the original of Ernst Krause’s article on Dr Erasmus Darwin. There are serious differences between the translation by W. S. Dallas and the Feb [1879] article by Krause on which CD, in the preface to Erasmus Darwin, says it was based. SB notes in particular that the concluding sentence of the translation, which is clearly aimed at [SB’s] Evolution, old and new, is not in the original. Since readers will assume the text of Erasmus Darwin was written before his book appeared, SB asks for an explanation.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12393

To Samuel Butler   3 January 1880


Krause altered the MS [of his essay on Erasmus Darwin] considerably before sending it to be translated. This is a common practice, but CD now regrets he did not state in his preface that the article had been modified. The translation had been arranged before SB’s book [Evolution, old and new] was announced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 34486 D ff. 84–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12396

From Samuel Butler   21 January 1880


SB has decided to lay the matter [the subject of 12393 and 12396] before the public and has written to the Athenæum stating the facts. [Athenæum 31 Jan 1880.]

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12438
Document type
letter (4)
Butler, Samuel (b)[X]
Darwin, C. R. (3)
Athenæum (1)
02 (1)
03 (1)
21 (1)
31 (1)