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From Samuel Butler to Francis Darwin   24 September 1877

Summary

Offers to send MS of part of his new book [Life and habit] which gently pokes fun at CD. His book will offer an alternative to Pangenesis.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 199.5: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11152

From Samuel Butler to Francis Darwin   25 November 1877

Summary

SB’s book [Life and habit (1878)] will be bound shortly. He will send two copies, one of which can be given to CD. To SB’s surprise it has turned out to be an attack on CD’s views and a defence of Lamarck; describes how he was brought to the opinions expressed in it.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 160: 393
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11254

From Samuel Butler to the Athenæum   [before 31 January 1880]

Summary

Darwin’s ‘Life or Erasmus Darwin’ came out in November 1879, after the March 1879 publication of Samuel Butler’s ‘Evolution Old and New’. CD guarantees accuracy of a translation in the book of an article from Kosmos. CD said article appeared before ‘Evolution Old and New,’ but Butler thinks it takes material from it. Otherwise, CD published another article entirely. Butler strongly criticizes the translation published by CD. Describes correspondence with CD about the matter, and involvement of Pall Mall Gazette.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  [before 31 Jan 1880]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 31 January 1880, p. 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12442F

From Samuel Butler to Francis Darwin   [before 30 May 1872]

Summary

Sends drawings of dogs in different attitudes, drawn by his friend A. May. FD should not trouble CD unless he thinks the drawings will please him. [See Expression, pp. 54–5.]

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [before 30 May 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 106: A6–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8305

From Samuel Butler   2 January 1880

Summary

Asks CD for reference to the edition of Kosmos that contains the original of Ernst Krause’s article on Dr Erasmus Darwin. There are serious differences between the translation by W. S. Dallas and the Feb [1879] article by Krause on which CD, in the preface to Erasmus Darwin, says it was based. SB notes in particular that the concluding sentence of the translation, which is clearly aimed at [SB’s] Evolution, old and new, is not in the original. Since readers will assume the text of Erasmus Darwin was written before his book appeared, SB asks for an explanation.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12393

To Samuel Butler   3 January 1880

Summary

Krause altered the MS [of his essay on Erasmus Darwin] considerably before sending it to be translated. This is a common practice, but CD now regrets he did not state in his preface that the article had been modified. The translation had been arranged before SB’s book [Evolution, old and new] was announced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  British Library (Add MS 34486 ff. 84–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12396

From Samuel Butler   21 January 1880

Summary

SB has decided to lay the matter [the subject of 12393 and 12396] before the public and has written to the Athenæum stating the facts. [Athenæum 31 Jan 1880.]

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12438

To Samuel Butler   30 September [1865]

Summary

Thanks SB for his Evidence [for the resurrection of Jesus Christ (1865)], the main argument of which is new to CD. He particularly agrees with the preface.

Has been confined to his bedroom for the last five months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  30 Sept [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS 34486, f. 58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4902

From Samuel Butler   1 October 1865

Summary

Autobiographical letter describing how, when he could not conscientiously take orders, he went to New Zealand and has now returned to England to study art.

Fascinated and delighted by Origin

and is pleased that his pamphlet [Evidence for the resurrection of Jesus Christ] pleases CD.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Oct 1865
Classmark:  DAR 106: A1–2; Butler 1923, pp. 198–201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4904

To Samuel Butler   6 October [1865]

Summary

Thanks SB for letter of 1 October.

Returns the printed letter in which SB replied to the Bishop [of Wellington, N. Z.]; it amused him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  6 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS 34486, f. 56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4911

From Samuel Butler   11 May 1872

Summary

His chapter on machines in Erewhon has been misunderstood as laughing at the Origin. He was only trying to show how an absurd proposition can be defended with a little ingenuity, distortion, and departure from strict scientific method. Will explain in a second edition, if one is called for.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 106: A3–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8318

From Samuel Butler   30 May 1872

Summary

Thanks CD for his note and cheque for young May.

Will send copy of second edition of Erewhon, in which he has set himself straight about "having intended no villainy by the machines". [See 8318.]

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 106: A8–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8361

To Samuel Butler   1 April [1873]

Summary

Comments on SB’s book [The fair haven (1873)]. CD is struck by SB’s dramatic power – thinks he could write "a really good novel". Surprised at strength of case SB makes that Jesus did not die on the cross. SB’s identity will soon be universally known: Leslie Stephen knows he is the author.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  1 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 34486: 60–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8835

From Samuel Butler   15 April 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for his kind letter about The fair haven [1873]. Encouraged by its reception. All he wants is to compel "an attitude of fixed attention in the place of cowardly shrinking from examination". Says he will try "a novel pure and simple with little ""purpose"" next".

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: A11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8859
Document type
letter (14)
Date
1865 (3)
1872 (3)
1873 (2)
1877 (2)
1880 (4)
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