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To William Bowman   1 June [1876]

Summary

Regrets he cannot hear lecture by F. C. Donders.

Hopes to see WB before he returns home.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  1 June [1876]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10521

To William Bowman   22 February 1878

Summary

Thinks WB’s proposal a very good one. CD could suggest two or three subjects for essays with respect to the vegetable kingdom, but they would require a long course of experiments "& unfortunately there is hardly any one in this country who seems inclined to devote himself to experiments".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Feb 1878
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (13 December 1977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11371

To William Bowman   16 May [1869–81]

Summary

"I shall not be in London on Monday, but I have written to my Brother to ask him to aid you"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  16 May [1869-81]
Classmark:  George Houle Autographs (dealer) (Catalogue 61 or 81, March 1992)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13781

To William Bowman   30 July [1865?]

Summary

Thanks WB for his note, states that it will be taken care of on the publication of CD’s book [Variation].

Mentions loss of many months owing to illness.

Thanks WB for favour to CD’s son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  30 July [1865?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.301)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4878

From William Bowman   31 January [1863]

Summary

Will supply CD with information "as far as my knowledge extends".

Suggests CD visit him.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Sir John Paget Bowman
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4988

To William Bowman   10 March [1863]

Summary

Will send portion of copied manuscript [of Variation 2: 8–10] for WB to examine. Asks about inherited abnormalities of the eye.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5030

To William Bowman   26 September [1866]

Summary

Thanks WB for his paper ["Address in surgery", Br. Med. J. (1866): 186–97, read at British Medical Association annual meeting, 9 Aug 1866].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  26 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Roy Davids Ltd (1996)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5219

From William Bowman   5 October 1866

Summary

Is pleased CD approved of his effort ["Address in surgery", see 5219] in which he alluded to CD’s views.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct 1866
Classmark:  DAR 160: 266
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5232

From William Bowman   [before 25 January 1872]

Summary

Gives lengthy details from his medical experience on how structural and other changes in the parts of the eye are related to lacrimation.

Mentions belief in CD’s views.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 25 Jan 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 265
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5338

To William Bowman   30 July [1867]

Summary

Plans to write a book on expression. Questions WB on orbicular muscle in screaming infant and function of muscle contractions in looking at a distant object.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  30 July [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 8 (EH 8820 6060)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5589

From William Bowman   5 August 1867

Summary

Supposes that infants’ eyes bulge and become engorged with blood during fits of sneezing or screaming, but doubts Charles Bell’s experiment of opening and observing eyes turn from pale to red [Anatomy and philosophy of expression (1844)].

Discusses the action of the eye when looking at distant objects.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1867
Classmark:  DAR 160: 267 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5596

To William Bowman   7 August [1867]

Summary

Thanks for reply to queries. Spectroscope an instance of unimagined glorious prospects of science.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  7 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 10 (EH 88206062)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5601

From William Bowman   1 February 1868

Summary

Thanks CD for the gift of his new work [Variation].

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1868
Classmark:  Sir John Paget Bowman (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5832

To William Bowman   30 March [1868]

Summary

Clarifies his earlier query on Bell’s observations. Seeks confirmation of Bell’s statement that the conjunctiva of a child whose eyes are opened forcibly during a screaming fit become engorged with blood. CD has noted a relationship between contraction of the orbicular muscle and secretion of tears; can WB explain why they appear related?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  30 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  Doris Harris Autographs
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6071

From William Bowman   1 April [1868]

Summary

Asks for precise reference in Charles Bell to subject of CD’s question. Agrees to assist CD’s investigation. Asks about Bell’s observations on eyes engorged with blood. Has noticed that eyes of children with excessive photophobia tend to be pale when forced open.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Apr [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 268
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6079

To William Bowman   2 April [1868]

Summary

Gives Charles Bell’s explanation of the contraction of the orbicularis during screaming and seeks confirmation of his view because the action is "the key-stone of a whole class of expressions". Curious to learn WB’s conclusion in regard to the relation between contraction of the orbicularis and secretion of tears. Notes that voluntary contraction of the orbicularis causes no tears.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  2 Apr [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 249: 72 (photocopy)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6081

From William Bowman   3 September [1869]

Summary

Asks whether he may come with F. C. Donders to visit CD.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6877

To William Bowman   [before 26] January [1871]

Summary

Sends enclosure copied from letter of F. C. Donders [7207?] dealing with orbicular muscle. Asks about secretion of tears resulting from spasmodic action of orbicular muscle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  [before 26] Jan [1871]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7452

From William Bowman   26 January 1871

Summary

Reports his observations on the concurrence of orbicular muscle spasms, engorgement of eyes with blood, and formation of tears.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1871
Classmark:  DAR 160: 269
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7456

To William Bowman   25 January 1872

Summary

Discusses role of orbicular muscle and distended veins in eye in secretion of tears. Asks WB’s opinion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Jan 1872
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8179
Document type
letter (29)
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1863 (2)
1865 (1)
1866 (2)
1867 (3)
1868 (4)
1869 (2)
1871 (2)
1872 (8)
1873 (2)
1874 (1)
1876 (1)
1878 (1)
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