skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

Search: contains ""

Darwin Correspondence Project
Search:
letter in document-type [X]
letter in document-type [X]
1870::04 in date [X]
1870::04 in date [X]
26 Items
Sorted by:  
Page: 1 2  Next

From G. H. Darwin   [20 April 1870]

Summary

Is leaving tonight for Genoa;

sends a French paper [not identified].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Apr 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7046

From William Winwood Reade   [c. 8 or 9 April 1870]

Summary

Brief observations on expression in Africa.

Alexander Agassiz is a good investigator, who differs with his father on evolution.

The behaviour of women and savages is a little easier to understand than that of civilised men.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 or 9] Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7069

From Albert Günther   [c. 9 April 1870]

Summary

CD should soon receive woodcuts.

R. A. v. Kölliker would much like to visit CD.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 9 Apr 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 242b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7144

From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   1 April [1870?]

Summary

"Your financial operations excite my envy beyond words." Reports on stock just received.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Apr [1870?]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7159

To James Crichton-Browne   2 April [1870]

Summary

Copy of Duchenne [see 7089] has not arrived; CD is concerned that it may be lost.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  2 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7160

From Francis Galton   8 April 1870

Summary

The mark he had thought a variation is not, and he thinks his infusion still too small even when the blood is defibrinised.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 105: A13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7161

To John Murray   9 April [1870]

Summary

Finds Academy contains valuable matter for his work.

Descent progresses slowly – will not be ready for press for several months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 207–208)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7162

From Charles Warren Stoddard   11 April 1870

Summary

Writes of some observations on the Sandwich Islands.

Author:  Charles Warren Stoddard
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 177: 258
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7163

From Albert Günther   12 April 1870

Summary

Arranges to come to Down with R. A. v. Kölliker.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 165: 245
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7164

From Julius Victor Carus   16 April [1870]

Summary

Would like to visit CD at Down.

[Fourth] German edition of Origin will be out in a few weeks.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7165

From J. V. Carus   18 April 1870

Summary

Regrets he cannot come to Down on day suggested.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 161: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7166

To Rudolf Albert von Kölliker   18 April [1870]

Summary

Has sent off specimens of Virgularia but fears they are in bad state. He could not find his dried specimens. Encloses notes that can be relied upon but may be of little use.

Also encloses a memorandum for Prof. K. G. Semper.

CD thinks Alcide d’Orbigny may have given name of Virgularia pectagonica.

CD enjoyed RAvK’s recent visit [see 7164].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Rudolf Albert von Kölliker
Date:  18 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  John Gittleman (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7166A

To A. R. Wallace   20 April [1870]

Summary

Appreciation of eulogy in preface of ARW’s book [Theory of natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  20 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 202–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7167

From George Rolleston   20 April 1870

Summary

Asks CD to look at the "special phylogonies" on pp. 138 and 152 of his book [Forms of animal life (1870)]. His comments are based on reading Haeckel, who is highly speculative and quite wrong.

Author:  George Rolleston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7168

To Tord Tamerlan Teodor Thorell   20 April 1870

Summary

Thanks TTTT for his study of European spiders [On European spiders Part 1 (1869–70)] which bases its classification system on the theory of evolution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Tord Tamerlau Teodor Thorell
Date:  20 Apr 1870
Classmark:  Sotheby’s, New York (dealers) (1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7168A

From Giovanni Canestrini   21 April 1870

Summary

Italian translation [of Variation] is delayed, but printing should begin soon.

Will send CD one of his writings in which he defends the natural descent of man [Origin dell’uomo, 2d ed. (1870)].

CD’s theory is making great progress in Italy and daily gains supporters.

Author:  Giovanni Canestrini
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 161: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7169

From St G. J. Mivart   22 April 1870

Summary

Is not prepared to express an opinion on man’s origin. On pure anatomical grounds he would form a family of the higher division of the primates, but if man’s intellectual, moral, and religious nature is considered, then "he differs more from an Anthropoid Ape than such an Ape differs from a lump of granite".

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 171: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7170

To St G. J. Mivart   23 April [1870]

Summary

Thanks StGJM for prompt answer correcting inaccuracies in CD’s notes on StGJM’s opinions. Expects "universal disapprobation" when he publishes Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  23 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.375)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7171

From W. W. Reade   24 April 1870

Summary

Sends insect that carries dead ants, dead leaves, etc., on its back, as protective imitation.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7172

From St G. J. Mivart   25 April 1870

Summary

Apologises for saying more than was necessary in his previous letter. Although he feels gratitude and esteem for CD, he execrates those who use natural selection to oppose man’s higher interests and impede his advance. Has seen Huxley’s Man’s place in nature for sale among a crowd of obscenities at most Italian railway stations.

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 171: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7173
Document type
letter[X]
Date
1870
04
01 (2)
02 (1)
08 (2)
09 (2)
11 (1)
12 (1)
16 (1)
18 (2)
20 (4)
21 (2)
22 (1)
23 (1)
24 (1)
25 (2)
26 (1)
27 (1)
29 (1)
Page: 1 2  Next
Search:
in keywords
119 Items
Page:  1 2 3 4 5  ...  Next

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … The Scottish botanist John Scott wrote from Calcutta, 4 May 1868 : “Shame is … expressed by an …
  • … Foster, Michael 4 June [1871] Trinity College, …
  • … Geach, F.F. 4 July 1868 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … (1) Alberts, Karl (4) Alberts, Maurice …
  • … (2) Allman, G. J. (4) Althaus, Julius …
  • … (1) Atkinson, Edward (4) Aubertin, J. J. …
  • … (1) Bailey, W. W. (4) Baillie, A. F. …
  • … (1) Bary, Anton de (4) Bashford, Frederick …
  • … (1) Behrens, Wilhelm (4) Beke, C. T. …
  • … (1) Bianconi, G. G. (4) Bibliogr. Inst. …
  • … (8) Blackwall, John (4) Blackwell, A. L. B. …
  • … (7) Blair, R. H. (4) Blake, C. C. (3 …
  • … (2) Broca, Paul (4) Broderip, W. J. …
  • … (1) Browne, Hugh (4) Browne, W. R. …
  • … (1) Canning, A. S. G. (4) Capes, Frederick …
  • … (1) Cardwell, Edward (4) Carlier, A. G. …
  • … (1) Chapman, John (4) Charles, R. F. …
  • … (2) Cheeseman, T. F. (4) Chemical supplier …
  • … (1) Chester, J. L. (4) Chiantore, G. …
  • … (2) Clark, J. W. (b) (4) Clarke, Benjamin …
  • … (3) Coan, T. M. (4) Cobbe, F. P. (13 …
  • … (2) Crotch, G. R. (4) Crotch, W. D. …
  • … (56) Dallinger, W. H. (4) Daly, J. …
  • … (11) Dobson, G. E. (4) Dodel-Port, Arnold …
  • … (3) Dunker, Wilhelm (4) Dupré, August …
  • … (2) Fawcett, Henry (4) Fayrer, Joseph …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … translation, 1863 2d French translation 1865 4 th English edition published, 1866 …
  • … Lyell, 11 October [1859] and letter from Charles Lyell, 4 October 1859 ).  Despite having …
  • … doomed to disappointment.   3 rd to 4 th editions This …
  • … Everything which I have read during last 4 years I find is quite washy in my mind . Once …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Could you tell us a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s …
  • … between him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … improvement to Jones’s diet ( see letter to T. H. Huxley, 4 October [1865] ). It was not until …
  • … for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early June, he wrote to …
  • … from the Linnean Society ( letter to [Richard Kippist], 4 June [1865] ). The paper was published …
  • … to high scientific account’ (A. Gray 1865–6, pp. 273-4). Darwin had also written to Gray on 19 …
  • … for him to read attentively ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ). The fact that …
  • … do it if it ever can be done’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ); the hard work of …
  • … keep out of contact with him’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 4 May [1865] ). Darwin contributed …

Teachers notes: Offer of a lifetime

Summary

The Offer of a Lifetime?  Activities for: English Key Stage 3 and 4 When Darwin was 22 he received an exciting and unique opportunity to join HMS Beagle. The voyage changed his life but the letters show how close he came to not going at all! …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities for: English Key Stage 3 and 4 When Darwin was 22 he received an exciting and …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 1 hits

  • … More  Darwin the Collector activities 4 How did Darwin develop his ideas on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. Said to …
  • … et anim: on sleep & movements of plants  £ 1 ..s  4. [Dutrochet 1837] Voyage aux …
  • … observations on increase & decrease of different diseases 4 to . 1801 [Heberden 1801] quoted …
  • … worth reading [Dampier 1697] Sportsman’s repository 4 to . [W. H. Scott 1820]— contains …
  • … Audubons Ornithol: Biography [Audubon 1831–9]— 4 Vols. well worth reading [DAR *119: 4v.] …
  • … 31 An analysis of British Ferns. G. W. Francis 4 s  [Francis 1837]— plates of every …
  • … of Rural Sports [Blaine 1840] (at Athenæum?) Book II Chapt. 4 on variation by  Blaine .— & on …
  • … Yak.— Steudel Botan. Nomenclature [Steudel 1821–4]. Synonym of every plant & country— …
  • … Paper on transmutation of shells [Haldeman 1843–4] already (1844) VI. vols. published Lib. …

New material added to the American edition of Origin

Summary

A ‘revised and augmented’ American edition of Origin came on the market in July 1860, and was the only authorised edition available in the US until 1873. It incorporated many of the changes Darwin made to the second English edition, but still contained…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … US ed., pp. i–xi) New material added to chapter 4 on ‘Natural selection’ ( ibid ., pp. …
  • … and bearing in mind, &c., &c. Page 169, 4 tenth line from top, after ‘ …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any …
  • … a new sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … mammoth ( Correspondence vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 4 May [1860] and n. 3; Hutchinson 1914, …
  • … partly inspired by the controversies associated with it. 4 One area of controversy centred …
  • … admiration for Lubbock’s book ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ). A week later he sent …
  • … of the situation was succinct. In his letter to Hooker of [4 June 1865] he warned that no one …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of  Descent , he wrote to Philip Lutley Sclater on 4 January , ‘Heaven knows, whether the book …
  • … produce physiological changes ( letter from Michael Foster, 4 June [1871] ). Pangenesis …
  • … can hardly sit up, so no more’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 4 August [1871] ). On 23 September he …
  • … good as twice refined gold’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 September [1871] ). The months …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … me’, Darwin wrote enthusiastically to Reginald Darwin on 4 April , declaring that reading it was …
  • … independent of him as possible’, Francis told Darwin on 4 July, after reporting that he had …
  • … with Ubba about your return’, Darwin wrote to Francis on 4 July , ‘He said “it is likely he will …
  • … neither cross nor ennuied’ (Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [4 August 1879] (DAR 219.1: 125)). Darwin …
  • … has opposed it’ (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [4 August 1879] (DAR 219.1: 125)). Nothing …
  • … ‘to be planted in my honour!’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 4 November [1879] ). While in Coniston, …
  • … frog be published in Nature ( letter to J. N. Lockyer, 4 and 6 March [1879] ). When Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … curs in London’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [4 February 1876] ). 'The heat of …
  • … as stemming a torrent with a reed’, he told Romanes on 4 June , but added, ‘Frank … who sputters …
  • … the previous year ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [after 4 September 1876] ). ...all sorts of …
  • … say is do not commit suicide’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [4 June 1876] ). By midsummer, Darwin …
  • … size of pollen grains & state of stigma’, he told Gray on 4 December. Darwin also adopted …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … He expressed his views to his daughter Henrietta on 4 January : ‘I wd gladly punish severely …
  • … eyes of one variety into another ( Variation 2d ed. 1: 420–4, 2: 360). Darwin had encouraged …
  • … become wholly white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing …
  • … am very glad indeed of your work,’ Darwin replied on 4 November , ‘though I cannot yet follow all …
  • … occasions and finally arranged a visit to Down House on 4 May, but was not content with just one …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach. GRAY: …
  • … OF ARTS AND SCIENCES, PROCEEDINGS XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 June 1866, and in a letter to his …
  • … before the season is over’ ( letter from John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, …
  • … is known on the subject’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 and 4 August [1866] ). And on the next day: …
  • … he had sounded the charge’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [4 September 1866] ). 'Natural …
Page:  1 2 3 4 5  ...  Next
letter