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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From W. E. Darwin   10 February [1880]

Summary

"Dia" [as a prefix] means "through, across".

WED’s wife would like to meet the Huxleys.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 209.7: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11352

From H. E. Litchfield   [1 February 1880]

Summary

Comments on drafts of CD’s letter to the Athenæum answering S. Butler’s charges.

Author:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Feb 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 92: B93–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12444

To H. E. Litchfield   1 February [1880]

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Summary

Sends the Litchfields two drafts of a letter in reply to Samuel Butler’s letter to the Athenæum; hopes for their approval.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  1 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B98–101, B102, B121; DAR 185: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12445

To Wallis Nash   1 February 1880

Summary

Can well understand WN’s new life. WN’s departure a heavy loss.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Wallis Nash
Date:  1 Feb 1880
Classmark:  F. Louise Nash Barton (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12446

From Richard Litchfield   1 February 1880

Summary

Advises against making any reply to Samuel Butler’s charges.

Author:  Richard Buckley Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B72–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12447

From R. B. Litchfield   1 February 1880

Summary

Has shown S. Butler’s Athenæum letter to Frederick Pollock, who confirms RBL’s advice that it needs no answer. Sends an imaginary response by Butler.

Author:  Richard Buckley Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B75–8, 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12448

To Athenæum   1 February 1880

Summary

[A revised version (but also not sent) of the draft letter 12439.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  1 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12449

From H. E. Litchfield   [1 February 1880]

Summary

Advise against making any reply to Samuel Butler’s charges.

Author:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield; Richard Buckley Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Feb 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 92: B72–4; B91–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12450

To T. H. Huxley   2 February 1880

Summary

Asks THH to advise him about a response to Samuel Butler’s attack accusing CD of dishonesty. Quotes the advice of others but will do what THH advises.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  2 Feb 1880
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 336)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12451

From W. Z. Seddon   2 February 1880

Summary

WZS, 12-year-old pupil, asks where he can find answer to question of what causes different shades of colour in inhabitants of earth.

Author:  William Zaccheus Seddon
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 177: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12452

To R. B. Litchfield   2 February 1880

Summary

Thanks RBL for advice [concerning dispute with Samuel Butler]. Notes reaction of family.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Buckley Litchfield
Date:  2 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 146: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12453

To G. J. Romanes   3 February 1880

Summary

Says it is not likely he will be able to criticise GJR’s work.

Recommends Jean-Henri Fabre, Souvenirs entomologiques [1879].

Encloses letters from J. F. Moulton [12350 and 12356].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  3 Feb 1880
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.570)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12454

From Asa Gray   3 February 1880

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Summary

Germination of Megarrhiza. AG’s observations at variance with CD’s.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 209.6: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12455

From R. B. Litchfield   3 February 1880

Summary

Thinks Huxley’s judgment on answering S. Butler’s charges would be trustworthy, though THH is horribly pugnacious and would naturally be for fighting.

Author:  Richard Buckley Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B79–80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12456

From T. H. Huxley   3 February 1880

Summary

Has read Butler’s letter and CD’s draft reply and Litchfield’s letter. Has no hesitation in saying CD should take no notice. Litchfield’s advice is judicious.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B82–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12457

To T. H. Huxley   4 February [1880]

Summary

Greatly relieved by THH’s letter [advising against a reply to Samuel Butler].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  4 Feb [1880]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 338)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12458

To Ernst Krause   4 February 1880

Summary

Samuel Butler’s fierce attack on CD and EK in Athenæum. CD’s sentence saying that EK had altered his Kosmos article was accidentally omitted from second proofs. Butler insinuates that EK’s attack on his book was suggested by CD or interpolated by him in EK’s text.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  4 Feb 1880
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36200)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12459

To W. Z. Seddon   4 February 1880

Summary

Comments on colours of races of man. Wishes WZS "or anybody else" could account for them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Zaccheus Seddon
Date:  4 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 147: 461
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12460

To G. J. Romanes   5 February 1880

Summary

On GJR’s work on mental evolution in animals. Emphasises "love" among animals.

Comments on stimulation of plants.

On pleasure and pain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  5 Feb 1880
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.571)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12461

From W. S. Dallas   5 February 1880

Summary

Since CD has decided not to answer S. Butler’s charge, WSD will not reply either.

Will look over Francis Darwin’s lecture ["Climbing plants"] with a view to publishing it in Popular Science Review [19 (1880): 213–29].

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 133–134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12462
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Date
1880
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16 (7)
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Émile (8) Alice (2) Alison, R. E. …
  • … (1) Allen, Thomas (2) Allman, G. J. …
  • … (1) Appleton, C. E. C. B. (2) Appleton, T. G. …
  • … (5) Austin, A. D. (2) Austin, C. F. …
  • … (7) Axon, W. E. A. (2) Aylmer, I. E. …
  • … (3) Baldwin, J. D. (2) Balfour, F. M. …
  • … (1) Baranoff, W. (2) Barber, M. E. …
  • … (1) Barnard, Anne (2) Barnes, K. S. …
  • … (1) Barrois, J. H. (2) Bartlett, A. D. …
  • … (1) Batalin, A. F. (2) Bate, C. S. …
  • … (1) Bates, Frederick (2) Bates, H. W. …
  • … (1) Baumhauer, E. H. von (2) Baxter, E. B. …
  • … (3) Beale, L. S. (2) Beall, T. B. (1 …
  • … B. (1) Beck, John (2) Becker, L. E. …
  • … (3) Beger, Karl (2) Behrens, Frederick …
  • … (1) Bell, Robert (b) (2) Bell, Thomas …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Stoke’s Library 1 Cambridge. Library 2 Royal Coll of Surgeons [DAR *119 …
  • … de l’Homme,” by Dr. Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4   …
  • … 1829]; read Letter to M. Therry [Broughton 1832]— a 2 d  Edit preparing in 1841.— Lesson …
  • … of habits of birds. Temminck Manuel D’ornithologie. 2 d  Edit: Introduction on migration of …
  • … Ker Porter’s Travels in Caucasus [R. K. Porter 1821–2] praised by Silliman poor Cyclop. of …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … edition published, 1872   1 st to 2 nd editions I have …
  • … the voids caused by the action of His laws.” ( Origin 2d ed, p. 481).   2 nd …
  • … to a letter to Asa Gray he had yet to start it on 28 January, but on 2 February 1860 he told …
  • … “Origin” for the first time, for I am correcting for a 2 nd . French Edition; & upon my life, …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … nor was it recorded in Darwin's ‘Journal’. Chapter 2 is not extant but was recorded in Darwin& …
  • … [1] (not extant) 2 13 October 1856 …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Darwin, how did language begin? 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And …
  • … sense, a more developed moral sense, and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? …

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … his wife sent birthday greetings and a photograph of their 2-year-old son named Darwin, who, they …
  • … materialism”’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 2 June 1879 ]). As one of Darwin’s most ardent …
  • … other than Darwin’s sister Caroline (who was around 2 years old at the time of Erasmus’s death). …
  • … that plants were ‘mere machines’, reminding Francis on 2 June that he had long thought that …
  • … for certain movements’ ( second letter to Francis Darwin, 2 July [1879] ). Sachs guarded …
  • … for” &c are incessant’, Darwin joked on 2 July (first letter) . Much of the time, however, …
  • … their ‘tremendous journey’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [2 August 1879] ). The journey proved more …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to me. So the world goes.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 February [1865] ). However, Hooker, at the …
  • … idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not until 25 …
  • … abstract of the paper was read before the Linnean Society on 2 February, and in April Darwin wrote …
  • … 1867), and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott …
  • … and professional seniority ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ); but Darwin’s feelings …
  • … in healing this ugly breach’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ), Darwin seems to have …
  • … of weather-forecasting ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and nn. 2 and 5), and he may …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 1 hits

  • … More Detecting Darwin activities 2 Learn about Darwin and the Beagle …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … in plants , pp. 112–13). He explained to Francis on 2 July : ‘I go on maundering about the …
  • … tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘& work by myself will be …
  • … [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clockwork …
  • … animal instinct and intelligence. ‘Frank’s son, nearly 2 years old (& we think much of his …
  • … more expertly. ‘I conclude that a child—just under 2 years is inferior in intellect to a monkey.’ …
  • … & a baby in your house!’ ( letter to G. J. Romanes, 2 September [1878] ). More …
  • … seems to me quite ridiculous’ ( letter to John Price, 2 April [1878] ). When a wealthy businessman …
  • … was ‘deeply gratified’, remarking to Skertchly on 2 March : ‘It is the greatest possible …
  • … that such checks had been in action during the last 2 or 3 centuries, or even for a shorter time in …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Paul. It’s a very great pleasure. 2. Victorian spiritualism and the …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … which came to my mind as I read his book. 2. Darwin's influences …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … some of these poems today, and? 2. The idea of writing about Darwin …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you for the flattering introduction. 2. The unusual role Darwin plays today …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … surrounding evolutionary theories. 2. The situation in France …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] If the descent of languages was …
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