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From Henry Johnson   12 January [1872]

Summary

Sends a map of a field showing the effect of earthworms.

Author:  Henry Johnson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 168: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12419

To W. W. Baxter?   10 November [1872–4]

Summary

Would greatly prefer an enema with a shorter nozzle but with a somewhat larger diameter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  10 Nov [1872-4]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13774

From Francis Darwin   [after August 1872?]

Summary

Sends quotation from Armand Trousseau, Lectures on clinical medicine [1868–72] 5: 213, on interruption of menstruation in young girls upon changing schools, as an example of the effect of changed conditions of life.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after Aug 1872?]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13795

To W. E. Darwin   23 [February 1872 – October 1874]

Summary

Asks for investment advice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  23 [Feb 1872 - Oct 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13800

To Richard Litchfield   19 July [1872]

Summary

Thanks for explanation. Will follow RBL’s instructions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Buckley Litchfield
Date:  19 July [1872]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (n.d.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13820

From M. I. Snow   29 [November 1872 or later]

Summary

Describes her experiences of blushing on her hands.

Author:  Maria Isabella Snow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 [Nov 1872 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13842

From [?]   [1872 or later]

Summary

Extract from the History of the rise and progress of the Killerby, Studley and Warlaby herds of shorthorns by William Carr (1867).

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1872 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13888

From Francis Galton   [before 28 March 1872]

Summary

On colours and breeding of rabbits.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 28 Mar 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4730

From William Bowman   [before 25 January 1872]

Summary

Gives lengthy details from his medical experience on how structural and other changes in the parts of the eye are related to lacrimation.

Mentions belief in CD’s views.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 25 Jan 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 265
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5338

From Francis Darwin   [before 22 August 1872]

Summary

Sutton says monkeys often vomit, but cannot say whether they do it voluntarily.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 22 Aug 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 195.3: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5556

From L. C. Wedgwood to Elizabeth Darwin   [7 March 1872 or later]

Summary

P.S. Information on earthworm activity on chalk downs, including two rough sketches for CD.

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
Date:  [7 Mar 1872 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7127

To W. W. Baxter   16 July [1872?]

Summary

Orders a very small pot of "purest & best Extract of Hyosciamus for experimental purposes".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  16 July [1872?]
Classmark:  Bromley Central Library, Local Studies Library and Archives (Baxter Collection, 1136/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7280

From L. C. Wedgwood   [15 June 1872?]

Summary

Worm-casts on a ridged hill.

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 June 1872?]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7345

From ?   [1872–4]

thumbnail

Summary

Notes some corrections for 2d ed. of Descent.

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1872–4]
Classmark:  DAR 88: 151–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7424

To Arthur Hough   15 January [1872–4]

Summary

His thanks for the curious photograph. Since he has similar ones he will not "rob" AH of it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arthur Hough
Date:  15 Jan [1872-4]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (SRE 920 D1 (4))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7442A

From W. E. Darwin   [29 February 1872]

Summary

Amount of clay present in certain chalk samples.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 Feb 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7469

From J. D. Hooker   30 April [1872]

Summary

Does not know Dr Mahoney.

Thanks CD for offer of photographs.

His mother’s health is no worse.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Apr [1872]
Classmark:  Barton L. Smith MD (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7729A

To J. D. Hooker   3 [December 1872]

Summary

JDH Should do as he sees fit about proposing him [John Scott] [for fellowship of the Linnean Society].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 [Dec 1872]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (DC vol. 156, Indian Letters, Calcutta Botanic Garden II 1860–1900, f. 1086)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8049F

To John Lubbock   [after 21 March 1872]

Summary

Discusses problems of obtaining money for the alteration of Down church.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [after 21 Mar 1872]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 137–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8128

From James Paget   [1872]

Summary

"I am at work on the nervous mimicry of organic disease: I have some hope that, during my work, I may fall on some facts which may be of interest to you, and you may be sure that I shall send them to you."

Author:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1872]
Classmark:  S. Paget ed. 1901, p. 408
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8130
Document type
letter (622)
Date
1872
01 (66)
02 (40)
03 (39)
04 (45)
05 (60)
06 (38)
07 (46)
08 (69)
09 (34)
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Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can …
  • … as evolution’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace,  27 July [1872] ). By the end of the year Darwin …
  • … s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely involved in …
  • … translator ( letter to J. J. Moulinié, 23 September 1872 ). He recapped the history of the French …
  • … of the year ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald, 23 November 1872 ). To persuade his US publisher, …
  • … Mivart ( letter to St G. J. Mivart,  11 January [1872] ). A worsening breach The …
  • … beautiful’ ( letter from A. R. Wallace, 3 March 1872 ). I consider that you have …
  • … Darwin ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 5 January 1872 ). Piqued, Mivart flung back by return of post …
  • … errors’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 6 January 1872 ). Darwin likened the affair to the …
  • … towards me’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 8 January [1872] ).  Despite Darwin’s request that he …
  • … world’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have the last …
  • … acknowledge it ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate controversy,’ Darwin …
  • … I do it badly’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 3 August [1872] ).  Darwin's theories under …
  • … the world moves!’ ( letter from Mary Treat, 13 December 1872 ).  'Here is a bee' …
  • … it at least in part ( letter to August Weismann, 5 April 1872 ). ‘I wanted some encouragement’, he …
  • … to believe it’ ( letter to Herman Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ).  Müller had sent him a …
  • … of natural and sexual selection to bees (H. Müller 1872), and with his reply Darwin enclosed an …
  • … standing’ ( letter to Hermann Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ). Finishing  Expression …
  • … doing nothing’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 22 October [1872] ). He was far from idle during their …
  • … to be more erect’ ( letter to Briton Riviere, 19 May [1872] ).  Riviere had been suggested to …
  • … clever book’ ( letter to J. M. Herbert, 21 November 1872 ) and invited Butler to dinner the …
  • … from Samuel Butler to Francis Darwin, [before 30 May 1872] , and letter from Samuel Butler, 30 …
  • … feels no doubts’ ( letter to F. C. Donders, 17 June 1872 ). Right up to the beginning of June, …
  • … Buckley Litchfield ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 13 May 1872 ). Delivery to the press brought only …
  • … myself’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 25 July 1872 ). A battle for the independence of …
  • … partisan reply ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 May 1872 ). On 13 June, a messenger arrived in …
  • … to letter from John Lubbock to W. E. Gladstone, 20 June 1872 ).  Darwin was quietly using his …
  • … an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and Wallace: …
  • … Wallace’s defence ( letter to  Nature  , 3 August [1872] ).  Although the two men were …

New features for Charles Darwin's 208th birthday

Summary

The website has been updated with an interactive timeline (try it!) and enhanced secondary school resources for ages 11-14. What's more, the full texts of the letters for 1872 are now online for the first time, and a selection of Darwin's…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 11-14 . What's more, the full texts of the letters for 1872 are now online for the first …
  • … classroom. Over six hundred of Darwin's letters from 1872 are now published online for …
  • … in man and animals .  Read Darwin's Life in Letters for 1872 . Darwin and women …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, Francis [before 30 June 1872] New University …
  • … Galton, Francis 7 Nov 1872 Rutland Gate, London, …
  • … Meyer, A.B. 25 April 1872 Manila, Philippin Islands …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 7 Sept 1872 11 St Mary Abbot' …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 5 Nov 1872 13 Alfred Place, …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8321 - Darwin to Litchfield, H. E., [13 May 1872] Darwin consults his …
  • … Letter 7345 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [15 June 1872] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, reports …
  • … Letter 8427 - Darwin to Litchfield H. E., [25 July 1872] Darwin thanks Henrietta for …
  • … 8168 - Ruck, A. R. to Darwin, H., [20 January 1872] Amy Ruck reports the results …
  • … 8193 - Ruck, A. R. to Darwin, H., [1 February 1872] Amy Ruck sends a second …
  • … Letter 8224 - Darwin to Ruck, A. R., [24 February 1872] Darwin asks his …
  • … Letter 7345 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [15 June 1872] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, reports …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Letter 8676 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [13 December 1872] Mary Treat details her …
  • … Letter 8683 - Roberts, D. to Darwin, [17 December 1872] Dora Roberts reports an …
  • … 8144 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [5 January 1872] Darwin asks his niece, Lucy, …
  • … 8168 - Ruck, A. R . to Darwin, H., [20 January 1872] Amy Ruck reports the results …
  • … Letter 8224 - Darwin to Ruck, A. R., [24 February 1872] Darwin asks his …
  • … Letter 8169 - Wedgwood, L. to Darwin, [20 January, 1872] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, gives the …
  • … 8427 - Darwin to Litc hfield, H. E., [25 July 1872] Darwin thanks Henrietta for …
  • … 8153  - Darwin to  Darwin, W. E., [9 January 1872] Darwin thanks his son William …
  • … Letter 8676  - Treat, M. to Darwin, [13 December 1872] Mary Treat details her …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Lydia Becker, 2 August 1863 ; to Mary Treat, 5 January 1872 ). Click on the play …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872), arguing that similarities in facial …
  • … Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June [1872] In this letter to the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade tells Darwin of his …
  • … Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade shares with Darwin his …
  • … 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] Ann Cupples asks Emma to …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 8140 - Darwin to Darwin, W. E., [3 January 1872] Darwin congratulates his son for …
  • … Letter 8146 - Darwin to Treat, M., [5 January 1872] Darwin praises Mary Treat’s …
  • … Letter 8171 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L., [21 January 1872] Darwin thanks his niece for the …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Thomas Rivers

Summary

Rivers and Darwin exchanged around 30 letters, most in 1863 when Darwin was hard at work on the manuscript of Variation of plants and animals under domestication, the lengthy and detailed sequel to Origin of species. Rivers, an experienced plant breeder…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … for the prosperity I have long enjoyed” ( 29 March 1872 ). …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8545 - Asa Gray to Charles Darwin, 6 October 1872 Asa Gray writes to Darwin …
  • … Letter 8656 - Asa Gray to Charles Darwin, 2 December 1872 Asa Gray writes to Darwin …

Earthworms

Summary

As with many of Darwin’s research topics, his interest in worms spanned nearly his entire working life. Some of his earliest correspondence about earthworms was written and received in the 1830s, shortly after his return from his Beagle voyage, and his…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 8137 - William Darwin to Charles Darwin, 1 January 1872 Darwin’s eldest son writes …
  • … observed so much without aid.” [Letter 8140, 3 January 1872] Letters 8144 , 8169 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … for the book may have been increased by the publication in 1872 of  Corals and coral islands , by …
  • …  vol. 20, letter to St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). To Darwin’s relief, Murray replied …
  • …  vol. 20, letter to Hubert Airy, 24 August 1872 ). The passage took twelve weeks aboard the …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and in 1872 described to Hermann Müller how he …
  • … (letter to Herman Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ,  Correspondence , vol. 20) In an 1841 …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade tells Darwin of his plans to …
  • … Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade tells Darwin of his …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The letters, sent by the …
  • … Annual Report, 1864, p. 32; Animal World , 1 February 1872, p. 66, 1 April 1872, pp. 99–100, 1 …
  • … D. Fox, 8 December [1863], and Animal World , 1 February 1872, pp. 65–6). It is clear that the …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8296 —Darwin to Francis Galton, 21 April [1872] In this letter to his cousin Francis …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8153 - Darwin to Darwin, W. E., [9 January 1872] Darwin thanks his son, William, …
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