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To ?   19 May [1871]

Summary

Thanks for references about dogs. Fears work will not allow him to deal with subject again. Heartily subscribes to what correspondent says about qualities of dogs. Loves his "with all my heart".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  19 May [1871]
Classmark:  Paul C. Richards (dealer) (Catalogue 109)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13889

To T. H. Huxley   [11 or 18 May 1871]

Summary

Asks for a ticket for THH’s lecture at the Royal Institution for WED. With ED’s and HED’s forgeries of CD’s signature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [11 or 18] May 1871
Classmark:  Janet Huxley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6541F

From C. W. Peach   1 May 1871

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Summary

Sends specimens of gulf-weed and cirripedes for CD to identify.

Various observations on Descent,

inherited deafness,

recognition of musical notes by dog, etc.

Author:  Charles William Peach
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 177–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7731

From C. H. Brett   1 May 1871

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Summary

Corrects Descent: snipes do breed in Ireland.

Author:  Charles Henry Brett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 90: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7732

From Francis Galton   2 May 1871

Summary

Is sending his reply to Nature, justifying his misunderstanding as well as he can [see 7717].

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 105: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7733

From Herbert Spencer   2 May 1871

Summary

Intends to answer Sir A. Grant’s article if CD does not. [A. Grant, "Philosophy and Mr Darwin", Contemp. Rev. 17 (1871): 274–81; H. Spencer, "Mental evolution", Contemp. Rev. 17 (1871): 461–2.]

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7734

To V. O. Kovalevsky   3 May 1871

Summary

Asks VOK to translate a passage from Franz Körte, Die Streich-, Zug- oder Wander-Heuschrecke [1828], p. 33.

Deplores the "fearful piece of tyranny" that is obstructing publication of Descent in Russia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Date:  3 May 1871
Classmark:  Institut Mittag-Leffler
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7735

From Henry Lonsdale   3 May 1871

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Summary

Credit for observation on supra-condyloid foramen in man is really due to Robert Knox, not John Struthers, as in Descent.

Author:  Henry Lonsdale
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 47–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7736

From Charles Langstaff   3 May 1871

Summary

Contraction of platysma occurs during surgery under chloroform from touch of knife, independently of fear.

Author:  Charles Langstaff
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 195.2 (letters): 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7737

To G. R. Jesse   4 May [1871]

Summary

Asks for information about habits of a breed of terriers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Richard Jesse
Date:  4 May [1871]
Classmark:  Scripps College, Denison Library (Perkins Autograph Letter Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7739

From M. T. Masters   6 May 1871

Summary

After reading Descent, MTM sends report of a dog that woke its master at 7 a.m. on work days and 8 a.m. on Sunday.

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7740

From Luigi Pomba   6 May 1871

Summary

Arrangements for Italian translation of Descent [1871].

Author:  Luigi Pomba
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 174: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7741

From F. S. B. F. de Chaumont to W. E. Darwin   7 May 1871

Summary

The pupils of eyes of ague patients in the cold stage are dilated.

Author:  Francis Stephen Bennet François de Chaumont
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  7 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7743

To R. F. Cooke   8 May 1871

Summary

Sends photographs he intends to use in Expression and asks for estimates of cost per thousand of each process [Woodburytype and Heliotype] suggested by RC and for different numbers of photos on each plate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  8 May 1871
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 289–90)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7744

From William Preyer   8 May 1871

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Summary

Delighted that CD does not hesitate to follow his theory to its last consequences. "This is far more difficult in England than in Germany."

Wilhelm Müller in his new book [Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie und Physiologie des menschlichen Rückenmarks (1871)], adduces many facts in favour of CD’s theory.

Various observations on the human ear. [See Descent, 2d ed., p. 14 n.]

Author:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 49–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7745

To M. T. Masters   9 May [1871]

Summary

Thanks correspondent for information about a dog.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  9 May [1871]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.395)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7746

To ?   10 May [1871]

Summary

Thanks correspondent for item of criticism in a foreign newspaper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  10 May [1871]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.396)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7747

To Luigi Pomba   10 May 1871

Summary

Has no objection to LP’s replacing Loescher in publishing an Italian translation of Descent. Murray will give proper authorisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Luigi Pomba
Date:  10 May 1871
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42153 ff. 46–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7748

To John Murray   10 May [1871]

Summary

CD is perplexed about illustrations for Expression, i.e., whether photographs are better than woodcuts. He thinks photographs, but does not know which process is preferable. Asks JM to inquire.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 May [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 278–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7749

From John Murray   10 May 1871

Summary

Offers CD same payment for the 3d issue of Descent as for 2d.

Has bespoke four better drawings of birds in case a 4th issue is needed.

Vanity Fair wants CD’s portrait by Carlo Pellegrini ["Ape"].

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 398
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7750
Document type
letter (61)
Date
1871
05
01 (2)
02 (2)
03 (3)
04 (1)
06 (2)
07 (1)
08 (2)
09 (1)
10 (6)
11 (2)
12 (2)
13 (1)
14 (2)
16 (4)
17 (1)
19 (3)
20 (1)
21 (1)
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23 (1)
24 (1)
25 (1)
26 (3)
27 (2)
28 (4)
29 (4)
30 (4)
31 (1)
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Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … blown in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley …
  • … Praya in his Journal of researches (2nd edition, p. 5). Darwin gave a further example of how …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and the struggle for existence: To J. D. Hooker,  5 June [1855] : Darwin describes the …
  • … for existence in his own weed garden. To Asa Gray,  5 September [1857] : setting out his …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … appear’, complained Darwin ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 5 January 1872 ). Piqued, Mivart flung …
  • … accepted it at least in part ( letter to August Weismann, 5 April 1872 ). ‘I wanted some …
  • … to believe it’ ( letter to Herman Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ).  Müller had sent him a …
  • … myself was standing’ ( letter to Hermann Müller, [before 5 May 1872] ). Finishing  …
  • … to me, which have ever been made’ ( letter to Mary Treat, 5 January 1872 ). In June, Lady …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Fuegians and Fuegian language? 5. What is the impact of Darwin’s writings …
  • … the correspondence shows just really didn’t happen. 5. What is the impact of Darwin’s …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Hooker, J.D. 5 Sept 1868 Kew, London (about Nagasaki …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … (1) Austen, J. T. (5) Austin, A. D. …
  • … H. (7) Ball, John (5) Ball, Robert …
  • … (1) Beaufort, Francis (5) Becher, A. B. …
  • … (8) Beneden, Édouard van (5) Bennet, C. A. (b) …
  • … (1) Birch, Samuel (5) Birkett, Thomas …
  • … (2) Boner, Charles (5) Bonham-Carter, Alice …
  • … (2) Bookseller. (5) Boole, M. E. (3) …
  • … (29) Brace, C. L. (5) Bradfield, Thomas …
  • … (3) Canby, W. M. (5) Candolle, Alphonse de …
  • … Carneri, Bartholomäus von (5) Carpenter, W. B. (19) …
  • … (3) Clark, Andrew (5) Clark, J. W. (a) …
  • … (2) Collingwood, Cuthbert (5) Colvile, J. W. …
  • … (1) Cross, George (5) Cross, R. A. …
  • … (4) Crotch, W. D. (5) Crowe, J. R. …
  • … (1) Dew-Smith, A. G. (5) Dicey, A. V. …
  • … (2) Doedes, N. D. (5) Dohrn, Anton …
  • … (3) Drummond, James (a) (5) Drysdale, …
  • … (3) Edmondston, Laurence (5) Edwards & …
  • … (1) Edwards, Henry (5) Edwards, W. H. …
  • … (3) Forchhammer, J. G. (5) Ford, G. H. …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … as he put it in a letter to J. D. Hooker of 24[–5] February [1863] . When Huxley’s book described …
  • … mentor had not said a word ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin did …
  • … for a fitting opportunity’ ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). …
  • … been filled in the fossil record ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). Only until …
  • … the  Athenæum  in response ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ). He later expressed …
  • … honours like the Copley Medal ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 [December 1863] ). Plants and …
  • … reminder of their loss (see  Correspondence  vol. 5). Unable to find Annie’s gravestone in 1863, …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1865 4 th English edition published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 …
  • … Joseph Hooker on the Arctic.   4 th to 5 th edition I have, …
  • … von Nägeli, resulting in a substantial addition ( Origin 5 th ed, pp 151–3).   Nägeli had …
  • … of significant correspondents.   5 th to 6 th edition …
  • … French edition which had already begun using the text of the 5 th English edition but had fallen …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … account book (Down House MS) and  Correspondence  vol. 5, letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 April [1855 …
  • … beauty in each leaf’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin’s aesthetic …
  • … to which they belonged. In his letter to Hooker of 5 March [1863] , he announced that the plants …
  • … by Darwin; these lists are in DAR 255: 8 and DAR 255: 2–5. The first is a list that Darwin …
  • … plants sent to him by Hooker (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ), since many of the …
  • … to Darwin from Kew. Darwin said in the letter to Hooker of 5 March [1863] that he had received …
  • …   Malpighia urens 5       …
  • …     ——  speciosa 5 do. do. …
  • … § Gongora atropurpurea 5   § Cyrtopodium Andersonii …
  • …   § ——  maculata 5   ——  punctata 10 …
  • …   Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . § …
  • … curassavica. 4.  Canna Warszewiczii. 5.  ‘speciosa’ deleted in pencil. 6.  This …
  • … 1863a, p. 10. See also letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] and n. 19. 9. …
  • … aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in ink. 13.  ‘—— pictus 8 …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of …
  • … & occasional selection has been the main agent in making 5  our domestic races. But, however, …
  • … any way useful to it, during any part of its life. (5)   Multiform difficulties will occur to …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … able to throw off thick dictionaries by flexing. On 5 April , Edward Blyth, who had supplied …
  • … 3 June 1868 ). ‘It was very kind’, Darwin wrote on 5 June , ‘almost heroic, in you to sacrifice …
  • … distributed it in Japan ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 5 September 1868 ); Edward Wilson, a neighbour …
  • … Molendo and Alexander Walther addressed themselves on 5 August to ‘the Reformator of Natural …
  • … had sent four letters the previous year, wrote again on 5 October , ‘I am quite distressed that …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (e.g. to Lydia Becker, 2 August 1863 ; to Mary Treat, 5 January 1872 ). Click on the …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … your work will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty …
  • … resulted in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American …
  • … might come into play in some circumstances. In a letter of 5 May [1867] , Darwin admitted, …
  • … would subdue; that is yours’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin complied, and his …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now two-and-a …
  • … 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 12 OCTOBER 1849 …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … de Gembloux 1839]. Said to be good by D r  L. Lindsay 5 [DAR *119: 1v.] 6 …
  • … p. 290 “Thacker” [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. …
  • … The Philosoph. of Instinct & Reason by S. Bushnan. Longman. 5 s  [Bushnan 1837]—dedicated to L …
  • … Traite Elementair  Palæontologie M. Pictet [Pictet 1844–5]— Forbes?? Waterhouse has it— 1844— read …
  • … cloth lettered, (pub. at 6 s  per vol.) reduced to 5 s  1834–43 1. Humming Birds, Vol. 1 …
  • … Gardener’s and Florist’s Dictionary, 2 vols. 8vo. 1724. 5 s . 42  [P. Miller 1724] Life …
  • … 1769] Zoolog. Journal [ Zoological Journal ] 5 Vols. Voyage de la Coquille [Duperrey …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … same man in one volume’, Darwin pointed out to Krause on 5 June , adding that although Krause’s …
  • … beyond his ‘tether’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, …
  • … Darwin with information, suggestions, and questions. On 5 February, a stonemason, Thomas Maston, …
  • … vague probabilities’ ( letter to Nicolai Mengden, 5 June 1879 ). On the very day that Emma …
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