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From W. W. Reade   28 June [1869]

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Summary

Horned rams of Guinea sheep.

CD’s queries about expression are too difficult for him to answer.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 86: A32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6260

From J. J. Weir   June 1869

Summary

Loss of juvenile colouring in South Down sheep.

Author:  John Jenner Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 181: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6763

From William Buckler   [after 8 June 1869]

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Summary

List giving the numbers of Lepidoptera of different species reared in 1869 and the proportions of the sexes [see Descent 1: 313].

Author:  William Buckler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 8 June 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 85: B127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6766

To Asa Gray   1 June [1869]

Summary

Thanks for answers about expression.

Is going to N. Wales to recover after his riding accident.

New edition of Origin.

French edition of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 June [1869]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (86a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6767

To W. C. Tait   1 June [1869]

Summary

WCT should send specimens to Orpington Station.

Invites him to visit, but afraid conversation "would quite knock me up".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  1 June [1869]
Classmark:  Alan R. Tait (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6768

From James Crichton-Browne   1 June 1869

Summary

Discusses the bristling of hair in melancholics and the action of the platysma myoides muscle and the grief muscles in the insane.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6769

From George Cupples   [1 June 1869]

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Summary

Note on proportion of sexes born in sheep.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 June 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 85: B56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6770

To George Cupples   [June 1869 or later]

Summary

Wishes Cupples had said something about health. Sends regards to Mrs Cupples.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  [June 1869 or later]
Classmark:  Antiquariat Inlibris (dealer) (AbeBooks.co.uk, accessed 15 November 2012)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6770F

To Stephen Paul Engleheart   2 June [1869]

Summary

Asks about orbicular muscles in eyes of women suffering in labour.

Inquires about treatment for dyspeptic weakness involving "Volta-Electric Chain bands".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Stephen Paul Engleheart
Date:  2 June [1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.398)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6771

To Adolf Reuter   2 June 1869

Summary

Thanks AR for his offer to send his observation notes, but since CD will not pursue the subject of variation under domestication, and his German is poor, he urges him to publish them in some periodical.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Reuter
Date:  2 June 1869
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 222–223)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6772

To Joseph Henry Gilbert   3 June [1869]

Summary

Declines invitation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Date:  3 June [1869]
Classmark:  Rothamsted Experimental Station (GIL9.6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6773

From J. V. Carus   3 June 1869

Summary

Will use new English edition [5th, of Origin] in preparing for [4th] German edition. Bronn’s translation of Origin in the title as "Entstehung" is not so precise as "Ursprung" would be. The publisher does not object to changing the title, but JVC is doubtful, because the Origin is so well known in Germany as Entstehung. Asks CD’s opinion.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6774

From Robert Elliot to George Cupples   4 June 1869

Summary

Proportion of sexes in (new-born) lambs equal, but males more likely to die.

Author:  Robert Elliot
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  4 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 86: A30–1, A62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6775

From Ponderer to the Athenæum   [before 5 June 1869]

Summary

Inquires how CD arrived at the conclusion that fifteen million elephants could be produced from a single pair in five centuries [Origin, 5th ed., p. 74].

Author:  Ponderer
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  [before 5 June 1869]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 5 June 1869, p. 772
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6775F

From J. D. Hooker   6 June 1869

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Summary

Account of his Russian trip.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 14–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6776

To John Traherne Moggridge   7 June 1869

Summary

Glad JTM intends to write a paper. Discusses JTM’s research on Arbutus.

CD’s riding accident.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Traherne Moggridge
Date:  7 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 146: 377
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6777

From Henry Walter Bates   8 June 1869

Summary

Ashamed that members of the Entomological Society have almost no information on sex ratio of bred insects in response to CD’s query of months ago. One exception, William Buckler, promises results. [See Descent 1: 313.]

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6778

To James Crichton-Browne   8 June 1869

Summary

Thanks for information about expression.

Comments on JC-B’s photographs of insane people.

Sends copy of Duchenne [see 6755].

Asks for further information about platysma, his bête noire for a year or two.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  8 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 328
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6779

From George Swaysland   12 June 1869

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Summary

Observations on birds entering the country in spring. Some have clods of earth on their feet.

Author:  George Swaysland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 205.2 (Letters): 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6780

From Max Schmidt   14 June 1869

Summary

Frankfurt Zoological Garden has only male mandrill. Does CD want description? Antwerp garden may have a pair.

Author:  Maximilian (Max) Schmidt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 177: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6781
Document type
letter (48)
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1869
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Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … animals made him ‘groan’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] ). Darwin reiterated in a later …
  • … old honoured guide & master’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] ). Nevertheless, Darwin …
  • … a fitting opportunity’ ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). …
  • … in the fossil record ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 5 [and 6] January [1863] ). Only until March did …
  • … Dana, 20 February [1863] , and letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] ). In March, after …
  • … 29 May [1863] , and letter to Hugh Falconer, [25–6 August 1863] ). Sterility and …
  • … [1863] that he had been ‘ordered to do nothing for 6 months’ by his doctors, mentioning that even …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … I feel very old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned …
  • … on the outcome ( enclosure to letter from G. H. Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ): I think you …
  • … & it had been refused’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] ). When the letter was …
  • … to the vomit and ate it ( letter from W. G. Walker, 6 December 1874 ). The Zoological …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 7 hits

  • …   On 6 March 1868, Darwin wrote to the entomologist and accountant John Jenner Weir, …
  • … Index-maker’, Darwin wrote to Joseph Dalton Hooker on 6 January . Darwin had sent the manuscript …
  • … but never fulfilled. He was sent a news clipping on 6 July from the  Maryport Weekly Advertiser …
  • … House of Commons than any assembly in the world’ (from ?, 6 April 1868). On 21 May , Darwin …
  • … The Swiss botanist Alphonse de Candolle described on 6 July the inheritance over eight …
  • … is too short for so long a discussion’, he wrote on 6 April . Yet Wallace continued to press him, …
  • … you as their leader’ ( letter from Gaston de Saporta, 6 September 1868 ). The support …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … (2) Appleton, T. G. (6) Arnold, F. S. …
  • … (15) Bartlett, Edward (6) Bartlett, R. S. …
  • … (1) Boardman, A. F. (6) Boccardo, Gerolamo …
  • … (2) Bonham-Carter, E. M. (6) Bonham-Carter, …
  • … (1) Browne, Walter (6) Brownen, George …
  • … (17) Buckland, William (6) Buckler, William …
  • … (2) Child, G. W. (6) Children, J. G. …
  • … (1) Clarke, W. B. (b) (6) Claus, C. F. …
  • … P. (2) Coe, Henry (6) Coghlan, John …
  • … (2) Crüger, Hermann (6) Cuming, Hugh …
  • … (1) Darwin, Amy (6) Darwin, Anne Eliza …
  • … (47) Darwin, Sara (6) Darwin, V. H. …
  • … (2) Davidson, Thomas (6) Davis, J. E. …
  • … (13) Denny, John (6) Desmarest, Eugène …
  • … (3) Elliot, Walter (6) Elliott & Fry …
  • … (39) Fabre, Jean-Henri (6) Fairfax, Mary …
  • … (9) Galton, E. S. (6) Galton, Erasmus …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and [of] all the scientist's colleagues. 6. Darwin's poetic sensibility …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … below, ‘Textual changes made to C. Lyell 1863c’). On 6 February 1863, Antiquity of man (C. Lyell …
  • … over the comparative anatomy of human and ape brains. 6 Many of Lyell’s supporters were …
  • … Lyell, see Bynum 1984 and L. G. Wilson 1996. 6. Owen’s complaints about C. Lyell 1863a …
  • … See Correspondence vol. 11, letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] and n. 7. 9. …
  • … T. H. Huxley, 7 June 1865, Imperial College, Huxley papers 6: 110). For more on the X-club, see …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin’s best efforts, set the final price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 …
  • … intellectual errors’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 6 January 1872 ). Darwin likened the …
  • … effect on my mind’ ( letter to Chauncey Wright, 6 April 1872 ).  A competing theory on the …
  • … in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 November 1872 ). …

Darwin's life in letters

Summary

For all his working life, Darwin used letters as a way both of discussing ideas and gathering the ‘great quantities of facts’ that he used in developing and supporting his theories. They form a fascinating collection from many hundreds of correspondents,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … with letters. ( Darwin to John Jenner Weir, [6 March 1868] ) For all his working …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also greatly honoured …
  • … book had to go along on the excursion,’ he reported on 6 July , ‘and it did us excellent service. …
  • … laurel in the wreath of your fame ’, Haeckel wrote on 6 June , ‘to have a predecessor in the …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which Darwin approved ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [5 or 6 August 1874] ), while reiterating his …
  • … and sent a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were …
  • … Huxley’s reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … a paper for the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not …
  • … different translator ( see letter from Edouard Claparède, 6 September 1862 ). In Germany, …
  • … of the human species ( see letter from John Lubbock, 6 January 1862 ). Ramsay’s was not the …
  • … of the pot of life’? ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 6 May 1862 ). In his address, Huxley also …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Jamieson, 3 September 1861 To Thomas Jamieson, 6 September [1861] To Charles …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … good by D r  L. Lindsay 5 [DAR *119: 1v.] 6 Books to be Read …
  • … [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie [Bechstein …
  • … de la Geographie des trois Regnes de la nature. Paris. 6: folio par Céran de Lemonier. Bailliere …
  • … Organique dans l’echelle animale, par A. Dugés, 4to. avec 6 planches, ibid, 1832. 6 s . [Dugés …
  • … p. 195) “Boltons Harmonia Ruralis” [Bolton 1794–6]— Yarrell probably has it. account of …
  • … of Carnation. Auricula. Polyanth tulip. Rose. Hyacinth. 6 s . a catalogue of vars. [T. Hogg 1820] …
  • … Edition, with Plates and Woodcuts. Post 8vo., 9 s . 6 d . [Knapp] 1838] Read Gleanings in …
  • … Pœppig Travels in S. America. German [Pöppig 1835–6].— Zoologie Generale. Iside. St Hilaire …
  • … 1809]. Communicat to Board of Agriculture. vol 6 quoted by Youatt on migration of Sheep [Anon …
  • … [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6]// on Horses [C. H. Smith 1841]// Exotic …
  • … Nacht. von einigen Berlin 1763? [Kölreuter 1761–6] Godwins answer to Malthus [Godwin 1820] …
  • … [Etherington 1841–3]. Whittaker 1844. in Parts. cheap. 1.6 a part. 38 Schlegel Essay on …
  • … Darluc. Hist Nat. de la Provence [Darluc 1782–6] 8vo. 1782. Tom I p. 303 to 329 gives account of …
  • … of Nat: Hist: of Creation. Churchill: 1844. 7 s  ” 6 d . [Chambers] 1844] in which species are …
  • … Jussieus introduct to Bot. price 6 s  [Jussieu 1842] [DAR *119: 20v.] …
  • …  40 vols. 12mo. coloured plates, cloth lettered, (pub. at 6 s  per vol.) reduced to 5 s  1834–43 …
  • … 5. Peacocks, Pheasants, &c. [Jardine 1834a] 6. Birds of the Game kind [Jardine 1834b]. …
  • … Ruminating Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Analysis & theory of the Emotions by G. Ramsay B.M. 6. 6. Black Edin. Longman [Ramsay 1848] …
  • … (read) Knox. Ornithological Ramble in Sussex. 7. 6. [A. E. Knox 1849] J. Lubbock has & …
  • … when out Lisianky’s Voyage round world 1803–6 [Lisyansky 1814]— nothing Lyell’s …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From the 3 rd edition on, each English edition up to the 6 th (the final one published in …
  • … 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition published, 1872 …
  • … significant correspondents.   5 th to 6 th edition Proposed …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … I have not laboured in vain’ ( letter to Hugh Falconer, 6 January [1865] ). Sic transit …
  • … modification of structure’ (G. D. Campbell 1864, pp. 275–6). Campbell argued further that natural …
  • … observations to high scientific account’ (A. Gray 1865–6, pp. 273-4). Darwin had also written to …
  • … to the Anthropologicals?’ ( letter from F. H. Hooker, 6 September [1865] ). Before he returned …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ( Letter from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for demonstration or illustration. “ 6. —Licensed persons to use anasthetics in all …
  • … in all painful experiments when possible. 6.—It shall not be lawful for any person …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 1863 and n. 1, and letters from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [6–27 September 1863], 29 September [1863] …
  • … Ladies & MPs' (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [6–27 September 1863], and letter …
  • … MS), 20 August 1863, recording a payment of £2 11 s. 6 d. for distributing the 'cruelty …
  • … December [1863], and Animal World , 1 February 1872, pp. 65–6). It is clear that the use of steel …
  • … against the use of steel traps in 1877 ( Spectator , 6 January 1877, p. 15, and Emma Darwin 2: …
  • … pheasants, and other game-birds (Carr 1981, pp. 475–6, Mackenzie 1988, p. 18, Allen 1994, p. 127.). …
  • … of animals, 1835 ( Statutes, public and general , 5 & 6 Will. IV c. 59), and the Act for the …
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