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To Robert Swinhoe   [September 1866]


Hooker’s lecture to BAAS ["Insular floras"] was capital,

but hears Wallace’s paper [Address to Anthropology Section, Rep. BAAS 36 (1866): 93–4] was best.

Pleased RS continues zealous work for natural history.

CD considers the report that N. American antelopes’ horns are intermediate between hollow and solid horns of ruminants to be one of the more curious facts he has lately heard of with respect to higher animals [C. A. Canfield, "On the habits of the prongbuck", Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1866): 105–11].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Swinhoe
Date:  [Sept 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 329r
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5202

To Lucy Caroline Wedgwood   [before 25 September 1866]


Asks her to see whether the flowers or leaves of Erica massoni are noted as glutinous in the Botanical Magazine.

Inquires about the pods of peony: are they brilliantly coloured and do birds eat them?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Date:  [before 25 Sept 1866]
Classmark:  CUL (Add 4251: 336)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5203

From J. D. Hooker   [4 September 1866]



On his "Insular floras" lecture.

Huxley’s success as President of Section.

D. W. R. Grove’s address. Grove left Darwinism to JDH after "sounding the charge".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4 Sept 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 100–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5206

From Julius von Haast   8 September 1866


Thanks CD for his efforts on behalf of JvH’s Royal Society candidacy.

Is at work on a large-scale map of the Southern Alps [of New Zealand].

The ever-growing goldfields and their effect on the country.

Author:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 166: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5207

To Charles Lyell   8[–9] September [1866]


Disappointed to put off CL’s visit because of illness of CD’s sister [Susan], but hopes to see him in October.

Thanks for lending pamphlet [L. Agassiz, Geology of the Amazons]. Agassiz has written "wild nonsense".

Refers to a translation of Pictet and Humbert’s "capital" paper on fossil fish ["Recent researches on the fossil fishes of Mount Lebanon", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 18 (1866): 237].

Hooker’s lecture at BAAS Nottingham meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8[–9] Sept [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.319)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5208

From W. R. Grove   9 September 1866


Sends a "remarkable" enclosure [missing], evidently by a working man, which will interest CD as "shewing that ideas are spread".

Author:  William Robert Grove
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 165: 232
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5209

To Asa Gray   10 September [1866]


L. Agassiz’s evidence [for glaciation of America] is very weak.

Thanks AG for arranging for American edition of Variation, but doubts that the book will be successful.

Has found no differences in pollen of Rhamnus so cannot conjecture whether it is dimorphic.

The common oxlip of England is certainly a hybrid between the primrose and the cowslip whereas Primula elatior is a good species.

Reports experiments on the relative vigour of seedlings from cross- and self-fertilised plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (92)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5210

From W. B. Tegetmeier   12 September 1866


Has had the blocks cut as requested and forwards the proofs.

Encloses article on habits of jungle fowl.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 178: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5211

To W. B. Tegetmeier   14 September [1866]


Blocks for Variation are much improved. WBT deserves membership in Zoological Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  14 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Archives of The New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection) (Tegetmeier 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5212

To Albert Gaudry   17 September [1866]


Thanks AG for Considérations générales [sur les animaux fossiles] de Pikermi [1866]. The observations on the various intermediate fossil forms seem most valuable.

AG does not fully understand what CD means by "the struggle for existence, or concurrence vitale".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry
Date:  17 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan (Library: Fondo Gaudry b. 7, fasc. 28, doc. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5213

From J. D. Hooker   19 September 1866



[N. C.?] Seringe’s article [unspecified] has come safely.

Feels deeply at CD’s distress [Susan Darwin is dying].

Drosera will go in a day or two.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5214

From George Warde Norman   20 September 1866


Sends a paper, by the wife of the local curate, on the habits of animals.

Author:  George Warde Norman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 172: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5215

To Fritz Müller   25 September [1866]


Fertilisation in orchids: Friedrich Hildebrand’s paper.


Climbing plants.

Agassiz’s attempts to eliminate all Darwinian views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  25 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5216

To J. D. Hooker   25 September [1866]



Susan Darwin still lives, but is dying.

Requests an Erica massoni to compare with Drosera.

On L. Agassiz’s "astonishing" view that Amazon Valley was filled with gigantic glacier. Asa Gray says LA is determined to cover the globe with glaciers in order to destroy "Darwinian views".

Excellent review of A. Murray [The geographical distribution of mammals] in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1866): 902].

Frankland’s Royal Institution lecture ["On the source of muscular power" Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 4 (1862–6): 661–85].

Wallace’s paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 300
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5217

From George Bentham   25 September 1866


Replies to CD’s two memoranda, GB explains: 1. That he never said thistles do not produce seeds, but rather that the infinite majority of new plants are propagated from buds

2. That book-borrowing rules of the Linnean Library are not so stringent as the Librarian makes out.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 160: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5218

To William Bowman   26 September [1866]


Thanks WB for his paper ["Address in surgery", Br. Med. J. (1866): 186–97, read at British Medical Association annual meeting, 9 Aug 1866].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  26 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Roy Davids Ltd (1996)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5219

To George Bentham   27 September [1866]


His memory deceived him about GB’s statement [on propagation of thistles].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  27 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham letters: 705)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5220

From Thomas Francis Jamieson   27 September 1866


Sends his paper ["On the glacial phenomena of Caithness", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 22 (1866): 261–81], which shows glaciation under marine conditions in Scotland.

Author:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 168: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5221

From J. D. Hooker   28 September 1866



Drosera and Erica massoni have been sent.

Had heard of Agassiz’s theory but not that CD’s theory had raised it.

JDH wrote the article on A. Murray.

Frankland’s lecture too much for him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 106–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5222

From Francis Trevelyan Buckland   29 September 1866


Sends copy of Land and Water, a journal he now edits. Has quit the Field. Asks CD to patronise his columns with queries, as other zoologists do.

Author:  Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Sept 1866
Classmark:  DAR 160: 360
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5223
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