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Darwin Correspondence Project

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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. …
  • … Lionel (1) Asher, G. M. (7) Ashley, …
  • … J. D. (2) Balfour, F. M. (16) …
  • … William (7) Baynes, H. M. (1) Baynes …
  • … C. F. (1) Berkeley, M. J. (12) …
  • … Institut (1) Biddulph, F. M. (1) …
  • … Alice (2) Bonham-Carter, E. M. (6) …
  • … Bookseller. (5) Boole, M. E. (3) …
  • … Vance, R. A. (3) Vaughan Williams, M. S. (2) …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin …
  • … - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, responds to Darwin’s …
  • … wife of American naturalist Asa Gray, responds to Darwin’s queries about Expression …
  • … observations for him. Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., …
  • … dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [13 December 1872] …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … of her pet cats. Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary …
  • … Letter 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza …
  • … Women: Letter 1701 - Morris, M. H. to Prior, R. C. A., [17 June 1855] …
  • … in Pennsylvania. Letter 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] …
  • … Letter 4823  - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, H. E., [May 1865] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … exposed places”. Letter 10439 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [3 April 1876] Mary …
  • … species of waterlily. Letter 12389 - Johnson, M. to Darwin, [January 1880] …
  • … “eyebrows”. Letter 1701  - Morris, M. H. to Prior, R. C. A., [17 June 1855] …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second half of …
  • … been the naturalist and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a …
  • … The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one’s body growing old there is no help for it, & I …
  • … The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to London, staying at his brother Erasmus’s house.  …
  • … August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that Clark’s dietary treatment would ‘do wonders’, but as …
  • … in London, his son George organised a séance at Erasmus’s house. The event was led by the medium …
  • … 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of …
  • … report to Darwin with the spirit-busting conclusion that Mr Williams was ‘a cheat and an imposter’ ( …
  • … to get the two men on each side of him to hold each other’s hands, instead of his, ‘& that he …
  • … 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters from T. M. Coan, 14 February 1874 and 22 …
  • … of view & the number of facts utterly staggers me; but I’m more struck than anything by the …
  • … push Murray to the point of cutting off relations. ‘I’m a grown man now’, he reminded Darwin, ‘& …
  • … that had been attacked by her canaries ( letter from T. M. Story-Maskelyne, 4 May 1874 ). In a …
  • … of books in relation to the Origin, of which I have the M.S. half completed; but I have started the …
  • … Darwin replied, ‘I have so poor a metaphysical head that M r  Spencer’s terms of equilibration …
  • … for a Serbian translation of  Origin  ( letter from M. M. Radovanović, 17 September 1874 ), …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … 1791] at Maer. Find out from Statistical Soc. where M. Quetelet has published his laws about …
  • … in Library of Hort. Soc. [DAR *119:5v.] M c .Neil 16  has written good article …
  • … Rev. on Walker on Intermarriage [A. Walker 1838] M me  Necker on Education [A. A. Necker …
  • … Indian Archipelago— [DAR *119: 6v.] Read M r  Bennetts & other Edit. by Hon. …
  • … Flora Japonica [Thunberg 1784] in Geograph. Soc. M r  Winch catalogue of plants of …
  • … by Rennie [Bechstein 1835] Some facts on cross-bred animals, M r  Yarrell has it?? Walker …
  • … p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published work on fossil …
  • … de races Humaines [W. F. Edwards 1829]; read Letter to M. Therry [Broughton 1832]— a 2 d  Edit …
  • … 8] 1854 Jan 15. Seeman’s Narrative of H.M.S. Herald [Seeman 1853]. Feb 6. …
  • … Philosophie Positive G Lewes [Lewes 1853] (curious) Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego …
  • … Belcher, Edward. 1848.  Narrative of the voyage of H.M.S.   Samarang during the years 1843–46; …
  • … ou, iconographie de toutes les espèces et   variétés d’arbres, fruitiers cultivés dans cet   …
  • … augmentée d’un grand nombre de fruits, les uns échappés aux recherches de Duhamel, les autres …
  • … Narrative of a voyage round the world, performed in H.M.S.   Sulphur,   1836–42 . 2 vols. …
  • … . Pt 1 of  The botany of the   Antarctic voyage of H.M. Discovery Ships   Erebus and Terror in …
  • … Beete. 1847.  Narrative of the surveying voyage   of H.M.S. Fly … in the Torres Strait, New …
  • … Keppel, Henry. 1846.  The expedition to Borneo of H.M.S.   Dido for the suppression of piracy; …
  • … ——. 1853.  A visit to the Indian Archipelago, in H.M.S.   Mæander, with portions of the private …
  • … Macgillivray, John. 1852.  Narrative of the voyage of   H.M.S. Rattlesnake, commanded by the late …
  • … … Together with a narrative of the operations of   H.M.S. Iris.  2 vols. London.  *119: 22 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In February, …
  • … edition was with the printers in July. Much to Darwin’s annoyance, however, publication was delayed …
  • … by Darwin to his publisher in December. Much of Darwin’s correspondence in 1866 was focussed on …
  • … of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation continued in …
  • … of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a revised edition of  …
  • … the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an evening …
  • … illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year was a report …
  • … meals & these I think suit me best.’ He sought Jones’s approval to increase his intake of coffee …
  • … I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John Lubbock, …
  • … me’, he wrote to Hooker, ‘when you hear that I have sent M.S. (such an awful, confounded pile, two …
  • … of phytophagic varieties and species of insects, Fritz Müller’s research on crustacean embryology, …
  • … races. Darwin replied with a modified list, adding Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin , and a recent …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1866] ). Fritz Müller Fritz Müller, the German …
  • … 1866, sending his  Journal of researches  and offering Müller a copy of the second German edition …
  • … Oxalis with you exhibits different forms’, inspired Müller to make thorough and detailed …
  • … seeds. With the rich Brazilian orchid flora at his disposal, Müller was able to send Darwin a wealth …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … would need, even if it meant duplicating some of FitzRoy’s own: ‘You are of course welcome to take …
  • … However, from the  Beagle  correspondence, CD’s diary, field notebooks, and the extensive …
  • … are almost always in ink, usually written with CD’s favourite Brahma pens. References to books in …
  • … to do so. For example, two references to Felix Azara’s works in notes made during 1833 cite …
  • … have been found (DAR 42: 73) that are taken from Griffith’s edition of Cuvier’s The animal kingdom …
  • … Dictionnaire  and could only have come from that author’s  Exposition   méthodique  (1821). …
  • … one might expect many of his references coincide with CD’s. However, since FitzRoy’s account was …
  • … on board have been searched for such cases. Considering CD’s normal practice of citing his sources, …
  • … living on shore. It is possible, for example, that Nuñez’s book was borrowed from Edward Lumb, the …
  • … there were probably other works about voyages in FitzRoy’s collection which he does not mention. …
  • … et al. Rapport sur les résultats scientifiques du voyage de M. Alcide d’Orbigny. . .  Nouvelles …
  • … à l’Académie Royale des Sciences, sur les travaux de M. Gay.  Annales des Sciences Naturelles   …
  • … †. Byron, George Anson, 7th Baron.  Voyage of H.M.S. Blonde to the Sandwich Islands,   in …
  • … Paris, 1829–30, vols. 4, 5,  Crustacés , etc. par M. Latreille †. ‡ Cuvier, Georges.  The …
  • … naturelle.  See Bory de Saint-Vincent, J. B. G. M., ed. Dictionnaire des sciences …
  • … descriptions by Blainville and Desmarest. See Blainville, H. M. D. de and Desmarest, A. G.). …
  • … Fédorovich).  Atlas de l’Océan Pacifique dressé par M. de Krusenstern.  St Petersburg, 1824–7. ( …
  • … Darwin Library–Down. Lacordaire, Jean Théodore. Mémoire sur les habitudes des coléoptères de …
  • … ‡ Lamouroux, Jean Vincent Félix.  Exposition méthodique des genres de l’ordre des polypiers. …
  • … by Capt. F.R C. Darwin’; vol.2 (1832), ‘Charles Darwin M: Video. Novem r . 1832’; vol. 3 (1833): …
  • … *  New Testament  (German). (Signed ‘C. Darwin H.M.S. Beagle’. Copy examined by Sydney Smith  c. …
  • … Atlantic Ocean, in the years 1828, 29, 30, performed in H.M. Sloop Chanticleer . . .  2 vols. …

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 23 hits

  • … One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the …
  • … scientific paper quoted above (and even between Darwin’s more formal, published, writings and modern …
  • … far from straightforward. As we shall see, though Darwin’s work was pivotal – and in more ways than …
  • … laboratory institute in Würzburg, criticised Darwin’s experiments on movement in root radicles as …
  • … organisms over time – were highly innovative. Darwin’s own experiments challenged the old, purely …
  • … texts of the ecological movement, such as Rachel Carson’Silent spring, often draw on science, …
  • … roots, and a correspondingly complex history. What’s in a name? The term ‘ecology’ was …
  • … some of his correspondents complained mildly about Haeckel’s propensity for making up words, but did …
  • … The word first appeared in English in E. Ray Lankester’s translation of Haeckel’History of …
  • … in his published works or in his letters. However, Darwin’Origin of species was Haeckel’s primary …
  • … science is descended from a combination of Haeckel’s ecology and another new science of his, …
  • … doubt, a vertical dimension to the story. But there’s also a horizontal dimension, the question of …
  • … In order to understand ecology historically, it’s necessary to understand something about the ideas …
  • … it, and what areas are still contested? Darwin’s intellectual context Darwin would …
  • … in chemical or meteorological investigations. By Darwin’s time the term was associated particularly …
  • … and an early influence on Darwin, was Gilbert White’Natural history of Selborne. In this work, …
  • … powerful motivation to suggest, commenting that White’s mind was ‘ever open to the lessons of piety …
  • … to more advantage’ (ibid., p. 296). White’s viewpoint was not unusual. The existence of God …
  • … theology had been intimately linked. In some ways Darwin’s work fitted neatly into the established …
  • … and other naturalists, upon him. However, Darwin’s theory challenged some of the deepest …
  • … that showed evidence of vast upheavals in the earth’s history. Further, fossils were discovered that …
  • … be argued that such change was guided by God. But Darwin’s theory, while not commenting on the …
  • …  Lectures on the physiology of plants . Translated by H. M. Ward. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
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