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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … instincts that humans shared with animals. Darwin's moral theory was the most …
  • … compassion, guilt, and the pangs of conscience. Darwin's theory was condemned by The Times …
  • … discussion of the relationship between his theory and Mill's utilitarian ethics. "I …
  • … , Morley, John, to Darwin, 17 April 1871 "I don't think Mr. Mill's …
  • … and this is as much as you want, is it not? "I don't know whether you are indignant …
  • … in feelings of shame, and the praise or blame from one's fellows. "Shame is the …
  • … instinctive nature as before?" Letter 12610 : Preston, S. T. to Darwin, 20 May 1880 …
  • … Letter 12615 : Darwin, C. R. to Preston, S. T., 22 May 1880 "My conviction as yet …
  • … instance) jumps into a river to save a life without a second's reflexion (either from an innate …
  • … study of scientific creativity; together with Darwin's early and unpublished notebooks. …
  • … Gazette of 12 April 1871. [ link to pdf ] Huxley, T. H., 'Evolution and ethics' …
  • … ] Secondary Dixon, T. 2008. The invention of altruism: making moral meaning in …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. …
  • … Ansell, G. F. (1) Ansted, D. T. (8) …
  • … C. E. C. B. (2) Appleton, T. G. (6) …
  • … Paul (1) Austen, J. T. (5) Austin, A …
  • … Barber, M. E. (1) Baring, F. T. (1) …
  • … Baynes, H. M. (1) Baynes, T. S. (1) …
  • … Wilhelm (4) Beke, C. T. (1) Beke, …
  • … A. L. B. (1) Blackwell, T. E. (1) …
  • … Blore, E. W. (1) Blow, T. B. (1) …
  • … Marcellin de (1) Bonney, T. G. (2) …
  • … Brett, C. H. (1) Brewer, T. M. (1) …
  • … Brown, Edwin (2) Brown, T. C. (1) …
  • … Bruce, H. A. (1) Brunton, T. L. (39) …
  • … A. W. (2) Buckland, F. T. (1) …
  • … Scuola Italica (1) Preston, S. T. (7) …

Caroline Kennard

Summary

Kennard’s interest in science stemmed from her social commitments to the women's movement, her interests in nature study as a tool for educational reform, as well as her place in a tightly knit network of the Bostonian elite. Kennard was one of a…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … of wealthy Boston merchants. In many ways, Kennard’s public life was closely tied to the …
  • … nineteenth century. She was a member of a host of women’s groups focused on reforming education, …
  • … Zakrenska, Kennard was a member of the New England Woman’s Club, the first woman’s club in the …
  • … prominent Bostonian women, Kennard also joined the Women’s Educational and Industrial Union and …
  • … American women activists and poets. For instance, Kennard’s contemporaries in Woman’s World …
  • … she published a biographical account of Dorothea L. Dix’s life and work. This account was based on a …
  • … housed in Houghton Library at Harvard University) from Dix’s contemporaries, including Jane …
  • … Governor Thomas Dudley Family Association. Kennard’s interest in science stemmed from her …
  • … opportunities as men to develop their intellect. Kennard’s scientific activities were not limited to …
  • … the Boston Society of Natural History. Confirming Kennard’s commitment to science, in 1907, Kennard …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 24 hits

  • over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwins son George dominated the second half of
  • been the naturalist and traveller Alexander von Humboldts 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a
  • by observation during prolonged intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). …
  • led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for ones body growing old there is no help for it, & I
  • The year started for Darwin with a weeks visit to London, staying at his brother Erasmuss house.  …
  • August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that Clarks dietary treatment woulddo wonders’, but as
  • in London, his son George organised a séance at Erasmuss house. The event was led by the medium
  • another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwins cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those present
  • Mr Williams wasa cheat and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin
  • to get the two men on each side of him to hold each others hands, instead of his, ‘& that he
  • alloweda spirit séanceat his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back
  • first three months of the year and, like many of Darwins enterprises in the 1870s, were family
  • Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwins queries about the numbers of males and
  • and disease in the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and
  • that I have pounded the enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The
  • anatomists; and never mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The
  • price of nine shillings, in line with Charles Lyells  Students elements of geology , and with
  • of Hookers and Huxleys representations ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 22 December [1874] ). Huxley
  • the offender & give him the cold shoulder’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). He
  • that had been attacked by her canaries ( letter from T. M. Story-Maskelyne, 4 May 1874 ). In a
  • with extracts from a dogs stomach ( letter from T. L. Brunton, 28 February 1874 ), and Edward
  • details of an Australian variety of sundew ( letter from T. C. Copland, 23 June 1874 ). …
  • of the face, with a physiological explanation ( letter from T. L. Brunton, [29] October [1874] ). …
  • zoological stations debts of £1500 ( see letter from T. H. Huxley, 6 March 1874 ). Darwin
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