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## List of correspondents

### Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

### Matches: 6 hits

• … Acland, C. L. (1) Acland, H. W. (1) …
• … Bacon, Booth (1) Badger, E. W. (3) …
• … H. H. (1) Baranoff, W. (2) Barber, M …
• … Joachim (1) Barrett, W. F. (1) …
• … V. W. (1) Billinghurst, H. F. (1) …
• … Hookham, George (1) Hope, F. W. (3) …

## Henrietta Darwin's diary

### Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

### Matches: 14 hits

• … whom of course was Lena had any knowledge of it. M r . W. spoke or preached as u like to call it …
• … & of course everybody was unrevived, but Lena describes Mr. W. as having a definite physical …
• … but as for any ennobling effect I think in her heart she w d  allow he had none. Mr. Maclagan on …
• … of the excitement— There was a special service which began w a hymn sung kneeling. Screaming was …
• … an agitated manner that she must go home to her Father who w d  be waiting for her—when down came …
• … this but how many misunderstandings & wounded feelings w d . be prevented if it was realised …
• … of words. March 26th/71 Had a long talk w Sno on education first in which Sno quoted G …
• … individual. Free will she has to give up in many regions & w d  be prepared to give it up …
• … conviction I have forgotten the worship of humanity—this I hope is only in its bud— I c d …
• … excised ] that which one has thought about. I hope I have been worth while to my own …
• … came in seemed so long—I don’t think the next 21 hours w d  ever have gone—& then came my …
• … happiness of a human soul in my hands—& I who scarcely hope for eternity must think that it is …
• … ones to cultivate a habit of mind above & beyond I think w d  be possible. If the girls & …
• … 13 Katherine Euphemia Wedgwood . 14 Hope Elizabeth Wedgwood . …

## Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

### Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

### Matches: 17 hits

• set the final price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from RFCooke, 12 February 1872 ). …
• unpublished at the end of the year ( letter from C.-FReinwald, 23 November 1872 ). To
• you have greatly misrepresented my views &amp; conclusions; &amp; I hope I am not quite so bigotted
• be recuperative, but which he found a mixed blessing: ‘I hope my Brain likes it,’ Darwin wrote about
• from his ignorance, he feels no doubts’ ( letter to FCDonders, 17 June 1872 ). Right up to the
• on the philosophy of languageIt had been hard work: &#039;I hope I have not killed you,’ he wrote
• matter was first raised in Parliament. Good God how I do hope that they will in the House of Lords
• a week later ( enclosure to letter from John Lubbock to WEGladstone, 20 June 1872 ).  Darwin
• agreed to let them have it for love!!!’ ( letter from RFCooke, 1 August 1872 ). It had
• …  &amp; have not taken care of ourselves’ ( letter from RFCooke, 20 November 1872 ). A
• in the face of a disappointed public ( letter from RFCooke, 25 November 1872 ). Among those
• Mary Lloyd, were vying to read it first ( letter from FPCobbe, [26 November 1872] ). …
• darkness by an industrial strike ( letter from RFCooke, 6 December 1872 ).  Caught out by the
• use of the microscope led his head to fail’ ( letter to WDFox, 29 October [1872] ) he had
• by hearing about Panagæus!’ Darwin wrote ( letter to WDFox,  16 July [1872] ).  I
• the continent for the sake of their health ( see letter to WDFox, 16 July [1872] and n3), …
• reward to which any scientific man can look’ ( letter to FCDonders, 29 April [1872] ). …

## Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

### Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

### Matches: 17 hits

• pleasures of shooting and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such
• one looks backwards much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). …
• shipmate Bartholomew James Sulivan, ‘it was an illusory hope.— I feel very old &amp; helpless’  ( …
• Descent  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though
• subsequent print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). …
• of Mankind, I shall never while we both live, cease to hope that that divergence may cease &amp; …
• the subject &amp; that must be enough for me’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). …
• the hardest cartilage, bone &amp; meat &amp;c. &amp;c.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox,  11 May [1874] ). …
• more in my life than this days work’ ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ).Franciss
• structure and mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin
• she valued the photograph he sent highly ( letter from D. F. Nevill, [11 September 1874] ). …
• of his children shedding tears as tiny babies ( letter from F. S. B. François de Chaumont, 29 April
• do when they are sitting at rest’ ( letter from S. W. Pennypacker, 14 September 1874 ). …
• and often returned to the vomit and ate it ( letter from W. G. Walker, 6 December 1874 ). …
• … ( Circular to John Lubbock, P. L. Sclater, Charles Lyell, W. B. Carpenter, and Michael Foster, [7
• to the Entomological Society of London ( letter from H. W. Bates, 1 October 1874 ). He supported
• edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February 1874 ). Barbier

### Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

### Matches: 19 hits

• … the University of Cambridge. These works, catalogued by H. W. Rutherford ( Catalogue of the library …
• … Prichard; a 3 d . vol [Prichard 1836–47] Lawrence [W. Lawrence 1819] read Bory S t …
• … 1822] Falconers remark on the influence of climate [W. Falconer 1781] [DAR *119: 2v. …
• … [Dampier 1697] Sportsman’s repository 4 to . [W. H. Scott 1820]— contains much on dogs …
• … Read M r  Bennetts & other Edit. by Hon. & Rev. W. Herbert.— notes to White Nat. Hist of …
• … [DAR *119: 8v.] A history of British Birds by W. Macgillivray [W. Macgillivray 1837–52].— I …
• … The Highlands & Western Isl ds  letter to Sir W Scott [MacCulloch 1824] at Maer? W. F. …
• … in N. America [Kalm 1770–1]— much Nat. Hist Sir. W. Jardines. Naturalist Library. Vol 26 …
• … poor Cyclop. of Anat.— Instinct by D r . Alison [W. P. Alison 1847]. No 19. July. 1840 27 …
• … Davy 1828] 31 An analysis of British Ferns. G. W. Francis 4 s  [Francis 1837]— …
• … Middlton Life of Cicero [Middleton 1741] W. Meister’s Life [Goethe 1842].— Malcolm’s …
• … 1815–22].— Travels in the Himalayan Provinces by W. Moorcroft. Edited by Wilson 1841 …
• … &c [Bacon 1825–36] Prescott. Hist. of Mexico [W. H. Prescott 1843], strongly recommended …
• … Head [F. B. Head 1846] St. John’s Highlands [C. W. G. Saint John 1846] History of …
• … St. John’s Nat. Hist. of Sutherlanshire, Murray [C. W. G. Saint-John 1849] (read) Knox. …
• … for me.— [DAR *119: 23] Prescotts Peru [W. H. Prescott 1847] Sleemans …
• … [Grote 1846–56] Napiers Hist. of Peninsular War [W. F. P. Napier 1828–40] Campbell’s …
• … of the East [Curzon 1849] Humboldts Letters [K. W. von Humboldt 1849] Eliza 50  has good …
• … François. 1790.  Travels from the Cape of Good   Hope into the interior parts of Africa . …

## Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

### Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

### Matches: 2 hits

• … wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph Dalton Hooker: ‘I hope this next summer to finish my S. …
• … Herschel, to write the chapter on geology ( letter to J. F. W. Herschel, 4 February [1848] ). …

## Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

### Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

### Matches: 16 hits

• … value, it is not likely that more than a few hundred copies w d . be sold’. His publisher knew …
• … to Down if it lay in my power and you thought it w d . help you.’ ‘I declare had it not been for …
• … Hooker’s suspicion of ambitious gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). …
• … editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good as to take …
• … copies of Kosmos covering the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and …
• … of form and of motion was exact and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). …
• … for our Musium and cabinet of Natural History, where I hope it may remain for centuries to come’ ( …
• … blood and thus keep back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles …
• … to hide the absence of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More …
• … exhibit is in many cases purely physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin …
• … them drink so that they become quite tipsy’ ( letter to W. M. Moorsom, 11 September [1877] ). …
• … people and licensed by the state’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 13 September [1877] ). The only …
• … is no pleasure to me to keep your accounts … except in the hope of doing some small good to my …
• … & as I think you must be at present in want of cash, I hope that will allow me to send you a …
• … any public bodies of England & that y r . own University w d . like to be the first…. the …
• … without lying down to rest’, he explained ( letter to J. W. Clark, 12 November 1877 ). …

## Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

### Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

### Matches: 6 hits

• … August. The event was bittersweet for Darwin, as feelings of hope for her future happiness combined …
• … to be the truth, whether pleasant or not’ (letter from W. W. Reade, 21 February 1871). The geologist …
• … Oldham … They club together to buy them’ ( letter from W. B. Dawkins, 23 February 1871 ). Thomas …
• … to make it darker than the hair on his head ( letter from W. B. Tegetmeier, [before 25 April 1871] …
• … a house in Albury, Surrey, from 28 July to 25 August in the hope that it would improve his condition …
• … year, but he was sympathetic about the venture: ‘it w d  be almost superhuman virtue to give it up …

## Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

### Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

### Matches: 8 hits

• … & Self Fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom”. ... I hope also to republish a revised edition …
• … been cast by the ‘poorest curs in London’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [4 February 1876] ). …
• … was also carrying out experiments, but in his case in the hope of confirming Darwin’s views on …
• … of illness & misery there is in the world’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 26 May [1876] ). A …
• … that Francis was too young to care for the baby, and his hope that both would live at Down House …
• … we have & you are one of the best of all’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). …
• … herself & is so tender’ (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [13 September 1876] (DAR 210.6 …
• … recently completed autobiography (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [13 September 1876] (DAR …

## Virginia Isitt: Darwin’s secretary?

### Summary

In an undated and incomplete draft letter to a “Miss I.”, Emma Darwin appears to be arranging for Miss I. to come to Down for a trial period as a secretary. When the letter first came to light, no one had heard of the mysterious “Miss I.” and, as far as we…

### Matches: 2 hits

• … the 1st day next week that will suit you we will meet you at W. Croydon Station at any hour of the …
• … of an invalid that I will not ask you to spend the evening w. us but I hope you will A …

## Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

### Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

### Matches: 2 hits

• … Henry Holland in 1849 ( Correspondence vol. 4, letter to W. D. Fox, 6 February [1849]). According …
• … to aid digestion ( Correspondence vol. 11, Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, 8 December [1863]). In his …

## Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

### Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

### Matches: 4 hits

• … Darwin’s theory of heredity. ‘I am a young man yet, and hope to do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he …
• … Darwin reiterated on 7 November , ‘I believe (though I hope I am altogether wrong) that very few …
• … have a predecessor in the greatest thinker of Germany!— I hope that this will convert many German …
• … agreed to see him at Down with Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It …

## Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

### Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

### Matches: 19 hits

• … he fretted, just days before his departure ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] …
• … all over like a baked pear’ ( enclosure in letter from R. W. Dixon, 20 December 1879 ). The year …
• … to complete Horace’s marriage settlement ( letter from W. M. Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). …
• … and he regretted going beyond his ‘tether’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and …
• … to Francis Darwin, 16 June [1879] ). Francis in Würzburg As he had done in 1878, …
• … state-of-the-art physiological botany laboratory in Würzburg, also intending to continue experiments …
• … Although anxious that Francis should not do experiments in Würzburg that could be done at Down, …
• … Sachs’s journal,  Arbeiten des botanischen Instituts in Würzburg . He had accepted the invitation …
• … traveller … neither cross nor ennuied’ (Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [4 August 1879] (DAR 219.1: 125 …
• … & that it was suppressed gout. Also how well off he wd be, w. is a matter of some consequence …
• … to say that he has opposed it’ (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [4 August 1879] (DAR 219.1: …
• … for distinguished work in the science of physiology. ‘I hope to be able to attend on June 26 th …
• … by a certain class of desprate theological thinkers in the hope of provoking ignorant laughter, to …
• … make of the idea of life after death, and whether one might hope for a reunion? The question had …
• … German men of science quarrelled (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [6 September 1879] (DAR …
• … 19 December [1879] ). The German palaeontologist Leopold Würtenberger fared better. When he wrote …
• … who is supporting my work in such an outstanding way’, Würtenberger wrote on 7 February , after …
• … principle of selection much further’ and expressing the hope that trials might be carried out at the …
• … British Museum, had stated with reference to Francis: ‘I hope you are still able to enjoy & …

## Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

### Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

### Matches: 12 hits

• … 1870, Darwin made a note on the shape of human ears: ‘W. has seen the tips in women & men. When …
• … belief that all demons and spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). …
• … of praise for Wallace’s ‘modesty and candour’. ‘I hope it is a satisfaction to you to reflect, – …
• … to criticise them? No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very …
• … to say that I  never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George …
• … wasted if I once began to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his …
• … papers and urging him to resume his research: ‘I hope that you will continue your wonderfully …
• … of pangenesis, sometimes involved unusual procedures: ‘I hope to succeed in making the ears of two …
• … go on to the last of my uncomfortable days’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 18 February [1870] ). But he …
• … college lectures for the time being ( letter to [E.W. Blore], [October 1870 or later] ). …
• … evidence believe in bad motives in others’  ( letter to W. D. Fox, 15 November [1870] ). Fox …
• … kill the Lady, if he had an opportunity’  ( letter from W. D. Fox, 18 [November 1870] ). …

## Photograph album of Dutch admirers

### Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

### Matches: 2 hits

• … It is the highest satisfaction which any writer can hope for, to interest other students, especially …
• … are about 2 feet across!—  ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much …

## Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

### Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

### Matches: 7 hits

• … wide variety of publications. The beetles were described by F. W. Hope, G. R. Waterhouse, and C. C. …
• … distribution and classification (see Henslow 1837a and 1838; W. J. Hooker and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, …
• … to convince anyone that he had a sound solution to what J. F. W. Herschel in a letter to Lyell had …
• … clearly  under sub-laws.' To his cousin, W. D. Fox, [25 January 1841] , he wrote: & …
• … in this field and on friends like Henslow, T. C. Eyton, and W. D. Fox, who were knowledgeable about …
• … between species and varieties had no basis in reality (W. Herbert 1837, p. 341); species were only …
• … so-called ‘science of morphology’, first set forth by J. W. von Goethe. Though widely accepted in …

## Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

### Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

### Matches: 3 hits

• …  (CambridgeCambridge University Press, 2009).  ‘Fnumbers refer to R. B. Freemans standard
• notices on the geology of Australia and the Cape of Good Hope. Being the second part of the geology
• and adapted for travellers in general , edited by John F. W. Herschel. London: John Murray. 1849.  …

## Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

### Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

### Matches: 1 hits

• … than such a paltry existence as ours’ is, gives me some hope of meeting in a better world. What does …

## Darwin’s student booklist

### Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

### Matches: 3 hits

• … once. a good scolding would do me a vast deal of good, & I hope you will send one of your most …
• … 3 vols. London: A. Strahan and T. Cadell; Edinburgh: W. Creech. Bostock, John. 1824–7.  An …
• … John Ayrton. 1825.  Pharmacologia . 6th ed. London: W. Phillips. Pennant, Thomas. 1784–85.  …

## Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

### Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

### Matches: 1 hits

• … could operate. He wrote to various correspondents in the hope of finding more cases of striping in …
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