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Darwin Correspondence Project

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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … Adams, A. L. (1) Addison, John (1) …
  • … Allen, J. A. (b) (1) Allen, John (1) …
  • … C. J. (3) Andrews, John (1) Ann. …
  • … Balfour, J. H. (7) Ball, John (5) …
  • … Becher, A. B. (1) Beck, John (2) …
  • … Beckhard, Martin (1) Beddoe, John (3) …
  • … C. H. (8) Blackwall, John (4) …
  • … J. A. H. de (11) Bostock, John (1) …
  • … Bridgman, W. K. (3) Brigg, John (1) …
  • … Busch, Otto (1) Bush, John (3) Busk, …
  • … Caton, J. D. (9) Cattell, John (3) …
  • … the Exchequer (1) Chapman, John (4) …
  • … Coe, Henry (6) Coghlan, John (2) …
  • … Colburn, Henry (3) Colby, John (3) …
  • … Colgate, Robert (1) Collier, John (2) …
  • … Craig, J. S. (2) Crawfurd, John (3) …
  • … Crick, W. D. (11) Crier, John (1) …
  • … Davis, J. E. (1) Davy, John (6) …
  • … Denny, Henry (13) Denny, John (6) …
  • … Downie, Mr (1) Downing, John (3) …
  • … Evans, E. G. (2) Evans, John (b) (3) …
  • … Farn, A. B. (1) Farr, John (2) Farr, …
  • … Fisher, J. F. (2) Fiske, John (14) …
  • … Richard (1) Fordyce, John (2) Forel, …
  • … Fox, H. S. (3) Fox, John & Sons (1) …
  • … Gaertner, Albin (2) Gage, John (1) …
  • … Gibbs, George (1) Gibbs, John (2) …
  • … Lincecum, Gideon (2) Lindley, John (13) …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • Whites regular gradation in man [C. White 1799] Lindleys introduction to the Nat System
  • p. 29 [L. A. Necker 1823] read Lindleys Horticulture [Lindley 1840]— Chapter on Races
  • Synonym of every plant & countryRecommended by Lindleyprice about 36s.— Wiegmann. …
  • The Emigrant, Head [F. B. Head 1846] St. Johns Highlands [C. W. G. Saint John 1846] …
  • 1768] quoted in several places worth reading NB. Lindley says he will lend me Books out of
  • Brazil [Gardner 1846] in Geolog Soc. 43 Lindleys Vegetable Kingdom [Lindley 1846]. Hooker
  • B.M. 6. 6. Black Edin. Longman [Ramsay 1848] St. Johns Nat. Hist. of Sutherlanshire, Murray
  • Liebigs Lectures on Chemistry [Liebig 1851]. Sir John Davies. China during the War and Peace
  • says is victorious & decisive 72 Octob. 9 th  Lindleys Theory of Hort. [Lindley
  • d . Series. vol 3. p. 1 to 312 30 th  Colquhoun (John) The Moor & the Loch [Colquhoun
  • Buffon [Milne-Edwards 183440]. March 5 th  St. Johns Highlands [Saint John 1846] 8
  • Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] poor
  • 1848] Madam Malguet [Torrens] 1848] —— Lives of John & Alex. Belthune [?Bethune 1840 and
  • Ireland [Thompson 184956]. Vol. I. II & 3 May. St. Johns Tour in Sutherlandshire [Saint
  • … [Mauduyt 1851] Read Pamphlet in some periodical. (Lindley has) on transformation of Aegilops
  • 171] Pagets Travels in Hungary & Transylvania [John Paget 1839]— account of Dogs like
  • 1851?) must positively  be read 96 Look over Lindley Vegetable Kingdom [Lindley 1846] …
  • Empire [Huc 1855] Feb 16 th  Pagets Hungary [John Paget 1839] —— Bechsteins
  • 23] 1858 Life of Montaigne by B. St. John [B. Saint John 1858].— Miss
  • have reissued both parts in 1844. 39  John Lindley served as assistant secretary to
  • list at the back of the notebook. 84  John Lindley described plant breeding

Orchids

Summary

Why Orchids? Darwin  wrote in his Autobiography, ‘During the summer of 1839, and, I believe, during the previous summer, I was led to attend to the cross-fertilisation of flowers by the aid of insects, from having come to the conclusion in my…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin was ready to pitch this new study to his publisher, John Murray; after mentioning his …
  • … had approached Lady Dorothy Nevill at the suggestion of John Lindley, the horticultural editor of …
  • … instead of intensely admiring beautiful orchids. ’ Lindley provided Darwin with the name of another …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … discusses the scientific career of botanist and gardener John Scott . Scott is “one of those men …
  • … discusses the scientific career of botanist and gardener John Scott . Differentiating between …
  • … 6046 - Weir, J. J. to Darwin, [24 March 1868] John Weir describes experiments he is …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Mentors Darwin's close relationship with John Stevens Henslow, the professor of botany …
  • … he mentored. The first is between Darwin and his neighbour, John Lubbock and the second is between …
  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …
  • … Letter 1720 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, 19 [July 1855] Darwin congratulates Lubbock on …
  • … Letter 1979 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, 27 Oct [1856] Darwin provides detailed …
  • … expert William Bernard Tegetmeier and the Scottish gardener John Scott, illustrate how the rigid …
  • … him to publish in his journal. The debate about John Scott Letter 3800 — …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
  • … in the anthers. Letter 4463 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., 14 Apr [1864] Scott …
  • … to Gray, Asa, 13 Sept [1864] Darwin sends abstract of John Scott’s paper [see 4332 ] and …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … to build a hothouse as well. He was persuaded to do so by John Horwood, the gardener of his …
  • … with plants.—   According to John Claudius Loudon’s  Encyclopedia of gardening …
  • … apparently refers to the catalogues of a local nurseryman, John Cattell of Westerham, with whom he …
  • … a list that Darwin apparently drew up from the catalogue of John Cattell, from whom he had bought …
  • … or orders listed. Corrected spellings are taken from Lindley 1853,  Index Kewensis , the  Gray …
  • … London ( Post Office London directory  1863). 2.  John Cattell was a florist, nurseryman …

Darwin in letters, 1861: Gaining allies

Summary

The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. He had weathered the storm that followed the publication of Origin, and felt cautiously optimistic about the ultimate acceptance of his ideas. The letters from this year provide an…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … presented in  Origin . Having learned from his publisher John Murray in November 1860 that a new …
  • … out for praise in 1861. He had been disappointed to learn of John Frederick William Herschel’s …
  • … Moreover, Darwin found an important philosophical ally in John Stuart Mill. Through Henry Fawcett, a …
  • … recommended that Bates offer the manuscript to the publisher John Murray with a view to obtaining …
  • … consolation to his friend Hooker whose father-in-law, John Stevens Henslow, died after a brief …
  • … to contribute to Leonard Jenyns’s  Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow  (see Correspondence …
  • … ). Later in the year, he went even further, writing to John Lindley on 17 October: ‘Orchids have …
  • … volume that would reach a wider public. Having approached John Murray with some hesitation, and …
  • … Erasmus. Late in May, Darwin’s young friend and neighbour, John Lubbock, a partner with his father …
  • … any suitable south-coast introductions for William. Through John Bonham Carter, Darwin arranged for …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 24 hits

  • books were kept in the poop cabin where CD worked and slept. John Lort Stokes and Philip Gidley King
  • Antoine deA voyage round the worldTranslated by John Reinhold Forster. London, 1772. ( …
  • Travels through Norway and Lapland . . .Translated . . . by John Black. With Notes . . . by Robert
  • etc. London, 1743. (DAR 36.1: 447). Burchell, William JohnTravels in the interior of
  • 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart 1962, p.4). Byron, JohnThe narrative of the Honourable
  • Voyages  (editions unidentified; see also Hawkesworth, John). (DAR 32.2: 89v.; Robert FitzRoys
  • 8e, 10;  ‘Beaglediary , p. 407). Daniell, John FredericMeteorological essays and
  • and western coasts of Australia. Fleming, JohnThe philosophy of zoology . . .  2 vols. …
  • atlas.  London, 1814. (DAR 30.1: 30v.). Forster, John ReinholdObservations made during a
  • vols. Edinburgh, 1824. (DAR 37.1: 662). Hawkesworth, JohnAn account of the voyages
  • 36.1: 469v.). Darwin LibraryDown. ‡ Henslow, John Stevens. Geological description of
  • essay on the kingdom of New Spain.  Translated by John Black. 2 vols. New York, 1811. (Inscription, …
  • deA voyage to South America . . .  Translated by John Adams. 2 vols. 4th ed. London, 1806. …
  • … (see Jones, T.)). Darwin LibraryCUL †. * Mawe, JohnTravels in the gold and diamond
  • …  3 vols. London, 1820. (DAR 32.1: 51v.). Michell, John. Conjectures concerning the cause . . …
  • notebook,  p. 80). Darwin LibraryCUL †. Miers, JohnTravels in Chile and La Plata . . . …
  • 28 August 1834). Darwin LibraryCUL †. Milton, JohnParadise lost.  ( ’Beaglediary , …
  • 1834’). Darwin LibraryCUL ††. * Murray, LindleyAn English grammar.  2 vols. 5th ed. …
  • 1831’). Darwin LibraryCUL †. § Narborough, JohnAn account of several late voyages.  2
  • Darwin LibraryCUL, 4th ed., 1837. ‡ Playfair, JohnIllustrations of the Huttonian theory
  • 1821. (DAR 30.1: 30). Darwin LibraryCUL. Thompson, John VaughanZoological researches and
  • world in the years 1766, 1767, and 1768 , in Hawkesworth, John  An account of the voyages . . . …
  • … , p. 20e). Hall, Basil. See below, Playfair, John. Humboldt, Alexander vonTableaux
  • refers to the author asL. Jackson’). Playfair, John. Account of the structure of the table

Was Darwin an ecologist?

Summary

One of the most fascinating aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the extent to which the experiments he performed at his home in Down, in the English county of Kent, seem to prefigure modern scientific work in ecology.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life  . London: John Murray. Darwin, Charles. 1862.  …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing . London: John Murray. Darwin, Charles. 1865.  …
  • … Charles. 1875.   Insectivorous plants  . London: John Murray. Galetti, M. 2002. Seed …
  • … American Entomologist  37: pp. 206-210 Lindley, John. 1853.  The vegetable kingdom; or, the …
  • … evils which it occasions.  6th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Nilsson, L. A. 1998.  …
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