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Darwin Correspondence Project

Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell


Politician. Liberal MP for Oxford City, 1853–74. Secretary of state for war, 1868–74; carried out wide-ranging army reforms, including, in 1871, the abolition of the purchase of commissions. Created Viscount Cardwell of Ellerbeck, 1874. Chairman of the Royal Commission on the practice of subjecting live animals to experiments for scientific purposes, 1875.




ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.