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Darwin Correspondence Project

Archibald Campbell


Surgeon and administrator. Assistant surgeon, East India Company, 1827. Superintendent of the Darjeeling station, where he implemented social and economic improvements and developed profitable tea plantations, 1840–62; responsible for political relations between the British and the Sikkim government. Wrote many papers on Himalayan geography. Travelled with Joseph Dalton Hooker in Sikkim in 1849, and was imprisoned with Hooker by the Sikkim rajah.


Balfour 1885

R. Desmond 1994

J. D. Hooker 1854

L. Huxley ed. 1918

W. B. Jackson 1854


Balfour, Edward. 1885. The cyclopædia of India and of eastern and southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures. 3d edition. 3 vols. London: Bernard Quaritch.

Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers. New edition, revised with the assistance of Christine Ellwood. London: Taylor & Francis and the Natural History Museum. Bristol, Pa.: Taylor & Francis.

Jackson, Welby B. 1854. Selections from the records of the Bengal Government. No. XVII. Report on Darjeeling. Calcutta: Thos. Jones.