skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

Joanna Maria Smith (1791–1816)
Joanna Maria Carter (1816–1827)
Joanna Maria Bonham Carter (1827–1884)


Daughter of William Smith MP and his wife, Frances, of Parndon Hall, Essex; Florence Nightingale’s mother, Frances, was her sister. Married John Carter (1788–1838), Whig MP for Portsmouth, 1817–38, in 1816; he took the surname Bonham Carter in 1827. Family friend of the Darwins. Resided at Ravensbourne Lodge, Keston, two miles north-west of Down, Kent, from 1853; moved to Keston House by 1862.


Alum. Cantab.

Bonham-Carter 1960

Burke’s landed gentry 1965

Dod’s parliamentary companion

ODNB s.v. Carter, Henry (Harry) Bonham

Post Office directory of the six home counties 1862.


Alum. Cantab.: Alumni Cantabrigienses. A biographical list of all known students, graduates and holders of office at the University of Cambridge, from the earliest times to 1900. Compiled by John Venn and J. A. Venn. 10 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1922–54.

Bonham-Carter, Victor. 1960. In a liberal tradition: a social biography 1700–1950. London: Constable.

Burke’s landed gentry: A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank but unvisited with heritable honours. Burke’s genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry. By John Burke et al. 1st–18th edition. London: Henry Colburn [and others]. 1833–1969.

Dod’s parliamentary companion: The parliamentary pocket companion … compiled from official documents, and from the personal communications of members of both houses. Dod’s parliamentary companion. London: Whittaker, Treacher, & Arnot; Whittaker & Co. 1833–1914.

ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.

Post Office directory of the six home counties: Post Office directory of the six home counties, viz., Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78.