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Darwin Correspondence Project

Richard Spruce


Botanist and schoolteacher. Schoolteacher at St Peter’s School, York, 1839–44. Collected plant specimens in the Pyrenees, 1845–6; in South America, 1849–64. PhD, Imperial German Academy, 1864. Retired in poor health to Coneysthorpe, Yorkshire, where he worked on his plant collections.


R. Desmond 1994



Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers. New edition, revised with the assistance of Christine Ellwood. London: Taylor & Francis and the Natural History Museum. Bristol, Pa.: Taylor & Francis.

ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.